THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY. Info On Battle of Midway. When: JUNE 4-7 1942 WHERE: MIDWAY ATOLL, PACIFIC OCEAN WHAT: Japanese naval and aircraft attack on the U.S. Island of Midway WHY: The Japanese wanted to get rid of the U.S.’s control of the pacific.
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Chester W. Nimitz
The Japanese brought a larger naval force to the battle of midway which included:
15 Support Vessels (Heavy and light cruisers, destroyers)
248 carrier aircraft and 16 floatplanes
The Americans fought with a smaller fleet but their tactics allowed them to conquer the Japanese. Their strength came from:
25 support ships
233 carrier aircraft
127 land based aircraft
Another thing the Japanese didn’t know was that the U.S. cryptanalysts cracked their naval codes and so the Americans knew about the attack and what kind of forces they would be up against.
Admiral Chester Nimitz then dispatched USS Enterprise and USS Hornet to Midway Island.
04:30 hours, Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo launched 108 planes as well as 7 scout planes.
They bombed installations on midway then returned to the carriers.
The second wave witch had been armed with torpedoes was re-armed with bombs, then a scout plane reported a visual on the American fleet and the aircraft were told to be switched back to torpedos.