INSTRUCTIONS EVERYONE: • Get out your RSG workbook and a • “RED” correcting pen/pencil • Correct pages: 23 & 24 and 27 through 30!!
Beginnings of Slavery (p. 23-24) 1. Europeans wanted cheap labor for their sugar plantations. 2. African kings in coastal areas of Africa gathered captives from inland kingdoms and traded them for European goods. Then the European traders shipped the slaves to the Americas. 3. The “Middle Passage” was the middle leg of the triangular trade. 4. Over time, Europeans came to associate slavery with black Africans. To many Europeans, dark skin color meant inferiority. This led to the belief that some people are inferior because of their race.
Skill Builder (p. 24) 1. About 4.7 million more slave brought to Americas ‘tween 1701-1810 2. 12,000 slaves per year brought to Americas ON AVERAGE
Slavery • Look at the Pictures (p78) • SLAVERY • Indians – not good slaves • Africans – better slaves many imported • Middle Passage – (see pg 78) • Portuguese then Dutch make $$$$$ in slave trade
RSG – Ch. 3.1 (p. 27 & 28) 1. The colonists were looking for greater economic opportunity and for escape from religious persecution. 2. The colony at Roanoke and the Sagadahoc colony were the first two English colonies established in America. 3. In 1601, the Virginia Company of London and the Virginia Company of Plymouth were established. 4. The colonists faced sicknesses and a difficult climate. They also spent their time looking for gold rather than building homes and growing food. 5. The Jamestown settlers continued to take over more and more Powhatan land to use for tobacco growing. 6. Their demand that the governor of the colony approve a war against Native Americans was not met.
RSG – Ch. 3.2 (p. 29 & 30) 1620 Pilgrims arrive in Plymouth, MA (M Compact) 1621 – First Thanksgiving with Squanto & other Native Am. 1630 – Puritans found Mass. Bay Colony 1636 – Thomas Hooker moves many to Connecticut 1636 – Roger Williams starts RI & 1638 –Anne Hutchinsonflees 1675 – King Philip’s War = Nat.Am. fight for their land
RSG – Ch. 3.2 (p. 29 & 30) 1. The Native Americans negotiated a treaty with the Pilgrims. They showed them how to plant, hunt, and fish. The Pilgrims also traded with the Native Americans for furs and lumber to ship back to England. 2. The New England Way stressed hard work, which helped to make the colony grow and become successful. 3. Some people did not support the New England Way and were forced to leave the Massachusetts colony. Some fled to Rhode Island, a colony started by Roger Williams. 4. King Philip’s War was a war over land fought between Native Americans and the Massachusetts Bay colonists. 5. The religious leaders viewed the witchcraft trials as a sign from God for the purification of the community.
Explorers • Map (p63)
Why did Explorers explore? • $$$$$ = POWER – personal & gov’t • Looking for NORTHWEST PASSAGE • All water route to the east • Make money on trade with the east (India & China)
What happened as a result? • COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE: The exchange of native plants and animals between the continents (America & Europe) example: tomatoes (Am.) in Italian (Europe) tomato sauces. (p. 74) • LANGUAGE and cultural changes (p. 72)