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Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources. Objectives. Define woody biomass Define bioenergy Explain the benefits of using woody biomass for bioenergy Describe the role woody biomass plays in global bioenergy production. Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources. Outline. Availability

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objectives
Objectives
  • Define woody biomass
  • Define bioenergy
  • Explain the benefits of using woody biomass for bioenergy
  • Describe the role woody biomass plays in global bioenergy production

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

outline
Outline
  • Availability
  • Utilization
  • Biomass in the United States
  • Benefits
  • Promotion

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

what is woody biomass
What is Woody Biomass?
  • Woody biomass is the accumulated mass, above and below ground, of the wood, bark, and leaves of living and dead woody shrubs and trees.

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

what is bioenergy
What is Bioenergy?
  • Energy produced from biomass including woody biomass, agricultural biomass, and other biological materials
  • Includes electricity, heat, and transportation fuels

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

availability of biomass
Availability of Biomass
  • OECD – commercial, industry-led
  • Asia and Latin America – modern, commercial
  • Africa – harvested informally

Source: IEA 2003. Renewables Information. Paris

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

utilization of biomass
Utilization of Biomass
  • Biomass is the most important renewable energy source in the world today
  • 10.6% world total energy supply

- 77.4% total renewable energy supply

  • Solid biomass has grown at 1.8%
  • Liquid biomass has grown at 84%

Liquid

Biomass

0.7%

Renewable

Municipal

Solid

Waste

1.20%

Solid

biomass/

charcoal

77.4%

Gas from

Biomass

0.50%

Source: IEA 2003. Renewables Information. Paris

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

biomass in the united states
Biomass in the United States
  • Domestic energy production
  • 9% renewable: 47% biomass: 72% wood-based

2% Wind

45%Hydroelectric

5%Geothermal

47%Biomass

1% Solar

Source: Energy Information Administration 2004

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

biomass forest products
Biomass & Forest Products
  • Forest products industry is largest user of forest biomass
    • 70% of energy in-house
    • Created from by-products

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

biomass forest products1
Biomass & Forest Products

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

benefits of biomass
Benefits of Biomass
  • Environmental Benefits
  • Economic Benefits
  • Energy Benefits

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

environmental benefits
Environmental Benefits
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

environmental benefits1
Environmental Benefits
  • Forest health
    • Reduce wildfire risk
    • Reduced mortality due to insect and disease
    • Recovery of degraded land

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

economic benefits
Economic Benefits
  • Landowners
    • Increased income potential
    • Reduced site preparation costs
  • Communities
    • New markets for forest products
    • Economic diversification

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

energy benefits
Energy Benefits
  • Reduced fossil fuel use
  • Renewable source
  • Improved energy security

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

energy potential
Energy Potential
  • Forest residues
  • Ethanol potential
  • Southern advantage

Source: Mabee et al. 2006

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

energy potential1
Energy Potential
  • Agricultural residues
  • Ethanol potential
  • Midwestern advantage

Source: Mabee et al. 2006

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

promoting biomass
Promoting Biomass
  • Market Formation
    • Bioenergy systems
    • Biofuels
  • Challenges

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

market formation
Market Formation
  • System-level focus across entire value chain
    • Biomass production
    • Harvesting, transport, processing
    • Utilization and energy generation capacity
      • Direct combustion
      • Conversion technology
    • Consumer demand
  • Marketing messages
    • Reliable and affordable
    • Enables secure energy future

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

biofuels opportunities
Biofuels Opportunities
  • Solid fuels
    • Pellets, briquettes
  • Liquid fuels
    • Ethanol
    • Bio-diesel

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

challenges in bioenergy
Challenges in Bioenergy
  • Supply and Market Development
  • Integration
  • Competitiveness and Mainstreaming
  • Sustainability

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

creating synergies
Creating Synergies
  • Energy sector
    • Greater use of by-products for fuel
    • Sale of excess electricity to the grid
  • Agriculture
    • Cooperate in market development for ethanol

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Forest biomass is an attractive renewable energy source.
  • It provides environmental, economic, and energy benefits to society.
  • Challenges and barriers do exist.
    • Market development
    • Collaboration
    • Education

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources

credits photos
Credits: Photos

Slide 10: Chyrel Mayfield, Texas A&M University

Slide 12: NASA

Slide 13: www.climatechange.ca.gov

Slide 14: Chicago Climate Exchange, U. S. Department of Labor

Slide 15: EIA Petroleum Supply Annual 2002, Vol. 1

Slide 16: Warren Mabee, University of British Columbia

Slide 17: Warren Mabee, University of British Columbia

Module 1: Understanding Bioenergy Resources