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MODELS FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PRODUCTION CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR SUPPLY-CHAIN MANAGEMENT. John Geraghty † and Cathal Heavey ‡ † The School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland. Email: john.geraghty@dcu.ie

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MODELS FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PRODUCTION CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR SUPPLY-CHAIN MANAGEMENT

John Geraghty†and Cathal Heavey‡

†The School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering,

Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Email: john.geraghty@dcu.ie

‡Department of Manufacturing & Operations Engineering,

University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Email: cathal.heavey@ul.ie

introduction
Production Control Strategy (PCS) is an important tool in the Lean Manufacturing Philosophy.

Two papers explore utilisation of Pull-type PCS to manage inventory and production authorisations in a supply-chain.

Takahashi et al. [3] compared the performance of Kanban Control Strategy (KCS) with CONWIP and Synchronised CONWIP

Ovalle and Crespo-Marquez [2] compared the performance of CONWIP with MRP

Introduction
introduction3
Issues with this work

Only source of variation in both was the demand event.

Both assumed that nodes would produce authorised quantity after a known lead-time.

Model presented in [3] assumes no capacity constraints.

Calculation of WIP in [3] appears flawed

Introduction
introduction4
We developed models of five PCS:

KCS, CONWIP, hybrid Kanban-CONWIP, Basestock Control Strategy (BSCS) and Extended Kanban Control Strategy (EKCS).

Models:

Applicable to serial and tiered supply-chains

Include capacity constraints and production unreliability for the nodes.

Inventory in the system is calculated based on the sum of in-production inventory and finished goods inventory at each node.

Introduction
a structure model for simulation based analysis of supply chains
Adjacent Matrix:

Set of Initial Nodes:

Set of Serial Nodes:

Set of Assembly Nodes:

Set of Final Nodes:

Set of Distribution Nodes:

A Structure Model for Simulation Based Analysis of Supply-Chains
a structure model for simulation based analysis of supply chains6
Set of Nodes that Supply j:

Reachable Matrix of Network:

Set of Reachable Nodes of Node j:

A Structure Model for Simulation Based Analysis of Supply-Chains
uncertainty in demand and production
PMFs for demand and production are time independent and following constraints must hold:

Pr [Pj(n) = qj|PAj(n)], is given by:

Uncertainty in Demand and Production
state variables9
Inventory:

Where:

Total Inventory in Node j:

Total Inventory in the System for a given component:

Total WIP in the supply-chain in terms of the final product

State Variables
performance measures
Average WIP after N production periods:

Average Service Level after N production periods:

Performance Measures:
slide11

Modelling Production Control Strategies

  • We now present models for KCS, CONWIP, hybrid Kanban-CONWIP, BSCS and EKCS for authorising production in a supply-chain.
  • While we previously defined a distribution node, we will not be concerned with developing equations to model the production authorisation for a distribution node
    • this would require specific knowledge of the strategy of the distributor when supply is insufficient to meet the demands of its customer nodes.
  • Define:
conclusions
We have:

Extended the Structure Model for Manufacturing Systems to describe complex supply-chain networks.

Presented equations for production and demand unreliability, state variables and performance measures.

Presented mathematical models for several PCS based on the Structure Model for Supply-Chains.

Conclusions
conclusions18
The models presented differ from models in [3, 2]:

they are applicable to both serial and tiered supply-chains,

production unreliability at the nodes has been modelled

nodes are subject to capacity constraints,

total inventory in the supply-chain includes in-production inventory at the nodes and

in addition to modelling KCS and CONWIP, we have presented models for hybrid Kanban-CONWIP, BSCS and EKCS.

Conclusions
conclusions19
We aim to:

translate these mathematical models into discrete event simulation models and

utilise a Multi-objective Pareto-Optimal Genetic Algorithm developed by Kernan and Geraghty [1] to conduct experiments to determine the comparative performances of the PCS for managing complex supply-chains.

Conclusions