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Regulatory Services Overview. Warren Pinkston Agriculture Regulatory Specialist. What is Regulatory Services?. We are part of the Kentucky Agriculture Experiment Station within the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment. Consist of:

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regulatory services overview

Regulatory Services Overview

Warren Pinkston

Agriculture Regulatory Specialist

what is regulatory services
What is Regulatory Services?
  • We are part of the Kentucky Agriculture Experiment Station within the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment.
  • Consist of:
    • Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors)
    • Laboratories and laboratory personnel
    • Program Coordinators
    • Administrative Support Staff
  • Administer 4 Kentucky laws in regards to:
    • Feed
    • Fertilizer
    • Seed
    • Milk
  • Provide 2 service programs:
    • Soil testing
    • Seed testing

What is Regulatory Services? (continued)

  • Basic role is to serve in consumer protection and provide service.
  • Also provide research based education to manufacturers, retailers, and consumers regarding issues related to each of the regulatory and services programs.
  • 1/3 of our budget comes from the state and 2/3 is from inspection and service fees.
  • Offices and laboratory facilities located in the Bruce Poundstone Building in UK’s campus in Lexington, KY.
    • Have an additional soils laboratory located at UK Research and Education Center in Princeton, KY.

History of Regulatory Services

  • April 13, 1886 Melville AmasaScovell, Director of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station worked with the Kentucky General Assembly to pass “An Act to regulate the sale of fertilizers in this Commonwealth, and to protect the agriculturalist in the purchase and use of the same”.
    • This bill placed the Director of the Experiment Station in full administrative charge of fertilizer control work.
    • The bill required fertilizer manufacturers to submit a yearly sample to the Experiment Station, and label their products according to the laboratory analysis.
    • The fertilizer manufacturers were charged $15 for the analysis, but in turn received a “certificate” indicating the product was “true and complete”
      • Labels were also sold to the manufacturrers for $1 per 100.
    • Created the first revenue source for the Experiment Station independent of the general fund.
  • This regulatory ability gained Scovell and the Experiment Station a statewide reputation for honesty and integrity.
  • Growing statewide confidence in the Experiment Station led to acceptance of research results and recommendations.

History of Regulatory Services (continued)

  • 1898 revised fertilizer law required manufactures guarantee products themselves and to report tonnage.
    • Fees would be paid for labels based on tonnage reporting.
    • All sample results would be published annually.
    • Inspectors were hired to collect samples from around the state.
    • This increased revenue for the Experiment Station as well as increasing confidence of farmers in the Experiment Station.
    • Surplus finances from regulatory fees allowed Experiment Station to purchase land and expand in 1900.
  • 1898 Scovell and General Assemby pass a “Pure Food Law” and start to sample and test food products for adulteration.
    • Special attention was given to milk sampling and testing.
  • 1904 KY General Assembly passes bill regulating the sale of pasture seed in KY and give regulatory task to the Experiment Station.
    • 1932 Kentucky Seed Law was passed to regulate all agricultural seed.
  • 1906 KY Millers Association and Scovell passed feed regulation law and regulatory task was given to the Experiment Station.
    • Required all feed to be registered and licensed.
    • Required proper and truthful labeling.
    • Required tonnage fees to be paid.

Who’s Who at

Regulatory Services

  • Dr. Darrell Johnson
    • Executive Director
  • Stephen McMurry
    • Fertilizer & Seed Program Coordinator
  • Dr. Alan Harrison
    • Feed & Milk Program Coordinator
  • Dr. Frank Sikora
    • Director of Laboratories and Soils Programs

Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors) by Region

Dave Mason

Bart Young

Warren Pinkston

John Flood

Terry Prather

Mark Barrow

Brad Johnston

Nathan Keith

Milk Inspector-Bob Hickerson


Duties of the Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors)

  • Make regular visits to manufacturers and retailers.
  • Take official samples of animal feed, pet food, fertilizer, and seed.
  • Review labels at point of purchase.
  • Make sure products are properly registered.
  • Samples are sent to our lab for analysis.
  • Assist manufacturers with problems.
  • Conduct feed mill inspections.
    • Some in conjunction with FDA
    • All Regulatory Specialists are credentialed with the FDA
feed regulation in 2012
Feed Regulation in 2012
  • Performed 1,316 official inspections on feed manufacturers and dealers.
  • Collected 2,582 official samples:
    • 19,222 laboratory analyses performed.
  • Collected 804 specialty pet food samples.
  • Monitored the 2012 corn crop for mycotoxins including aflatoxin, fumonisin, and vomitoxin.
  • Conducted 75 BSE inspections for compliance with the ruminant to ruminant feed ban and inspected 4 FDA licensed feed mills that use Type A Category II drugs.
  • Maintained registration on more than 20,800 feed products from nearly 1,160 manufacturers and conducted new product label reviews on more than 3,260 new products.
  • Analyzed and reported 36 feed samples from national laboratory quality control programs.
  • Laboratories currently use 47 different approved analytical methods.

Product name

Medication statement

& purpose

Feed purpose statement

Medication contained

and concentration



Manufacturer or company taking responsibility for the product. Must be registered with our office.

Net wt. in English & Metric. May say net wt on invoice.



-may be individual or collective terms but not both

Feeding Directions

Caution and/or

Warning statements



a-Sodium guarantee required only when total sodium exceeds that furnished by max salt guarantee

b-Copper minimum and maximum for goat/sheep required when added or level exceeds 20 ppm



a-Sodium guarantee required only when total sodium exceeds that furnished by max salt guarantee


Fertilizer Regulation in 2012

  • Conducted 1,337 visits to perform inspections and to sample agricultural, lawn, turf, and garden fertilizer.
  • Took 2,526 official and 78 unofficial samples of fertilizer and ran 6,600 chemical tests.
    • Represented 52,000 tons of ~972,000 tons of fertilizer distributed in Kentucky.
  • Reviewed labels and registered 5,036 products from 703 manufacturers, and issued licenses to 216 firms that manufacture custom blended fertilizers.
seed regulation in 2012
Seed Regulation in 2012
  • Conducted 1,322 visits to perform inspections and to sample agricultural, lawn, turf, and garden seeds.
  • Collected and tested 1,744 official seed samples.
  • Issued stop sale orders on 235 official seed samples.
  • Issued stop sale orders on 241 violative seed lots at seed dealer and seed processor locations.
  • Cooperated with USDA Seed Branch regarding shipments of seed into KY in violation of the Federal Seed Act
  • Reviewed and issued 233 permits to label agricultural seed and 53 permits to label vegetable and flower seed.
  • Registered 605 seed dealers and 26 non-certified custom seed conditioners.
seed service program in 2012
Seed Service Program in 2012
  • Analyzed 2,510 seed service samples.
  • Collaborated with researchers to analyze 48 seed samples.
  • Supported the equine and livestock pasture management programs in analyzing 372 plant samples for endophyte.
  • Analyzed 37 seed samples under the provision that allows one free sample per year for Kentucky residents.

Germination Analysis



Lot Number

Purity Analysis


Test Date

Seedsman Information


Quick Overview of My Area

  • Feed:
    • 45 firms that sell livestock feed
    • 22 firms that manufacture livestock feed
    • 442 feed samples collected in 2012
  • Fertilizer:
    • 36 firms that sell agricultural fertilizer
    • 26 firms that manufacture custom mix fertilizers
    • 434 fertilizer samples collected in 2012-2013
      • 182 custom mix fertilizer samples collected
  • Seed:
    • 53 firms that sell agricultural seed
    • 44 firms that sell major row crop seed
    • 303 seed samples collected in 2012