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Luncheon Speaking Engagement Organised by the Japan Society The Atrium Room, Island Shangri-La Hotel 12:30 pm, 11 December 2006. Japan and China -- A mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests. by Shigekazu SATO Consul-General and Ambassador of Japan.

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slide1

Luncheon Speaking EngagementOrganised by the Japan SocietyThe Atrium Room, Island Shangri-La Hotel 12:30 pm, 11 December 2006

Japan and China --

A mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests

by Shigekazu SATO

Consul-General and Ambassador of Japan

1 japan china relations since 1972
1. Japan-China relations since 1972
  • Normalisation of diplomatic ties (1972)
  • Japan’s full support of China’s reform and opening policy (1978)

- ODA (1979) 3 trillion yen (HK$ 200 billion)

- soft loans

  • Close ties since the 1980s

- China’s willingness to learn from Japan

- favorable sentiment towards each other

slide3
China in the 1990s

- rapid economic growth

- increase of political influence

- Jiang Zeming’s state visit to Japan (1998)

worsened Japanese perceptions

- many other incidents affecting Japanese perceptions

= “China’s rise”

slide4
Japan in the 1990s

- long recession

Japanese less confident

decline of Japanese model of development

- more assertive diplomacy in the political arena

participation in UN peace-keeping operations

seeking permanent membership of the UN Security Council

slide5
Yasukuni shrine

China:visits to the shrine are to worship class A war criminals

- revival of militarism

- glorification of the invasion

Japan:divided opinions

- majority think that visits are to pray for the war dead

  • No mutual visits between the two leaders for 5 years
people s perception of each other
People’s perception of each other
  • Japanese perception of China: “Do you like China?”
slide7
Chinese perception of Japan(Unofficial survey in 2005)

Do you like Japan?

Yes 15.8%

No 74.5%

Do you know that Japan has extended economic assistance?

Yes 29%

No 71%

slide8

Exports

Imports

US$ billion

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Balance

  • 2. Current Japan-China Relations
  • (1) Trade between Japan and China
  • Total amount of Japan’s trade with China, including Hong Kong, reached US$227 billion in 2005, surpassing Japan-US trade (US$199 billion) for the second year

Japan-China trade figures (1999-2005)

slide10

US$ billion

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

  • (2) Japanese investment in China
  • Japan’s FDI in China amounted to US$ 6.57 billion in 2005, an increase of 12% from 2004
  • Japan is China’s second largest investor, exceeded only by Hong Kong (excluding investments from tax havens)
  • China attracted 14.4% of Japan’s total outgoing FDI in 2005
slide11

Million people

New measure introduced to make it easier for citizens from all areas of the PRC to visit Japan as part of a group tour

1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2005

  • (3) People-to-people exchanges
  • In 2005, over 4 million Chinese and Japanese visited each other’s countries, an increase of 50% over 2001
  • Over 110,000 Japanese live in mainland China and Japanese companies employ 10 million Chinese people
3 recent top level meetings between japan and china
3. Recent top-level meetings between Japan and China
  • Prime Minister Abe’s visit to China, meeting with Chinese leaders (Oct 8)

Survey (Oct 14, 15)

  • Do you appreciate PM Abe’s summit meeting with Chinese leaders?

Yes 82%

No 11%

  • Do you think Japan’s relations with China will improve?

Yes 63%

No 29%

japan china joint press statement
Japan-China Joint Press Statement
  • Both leaders shared the view that
  • it is the solemn responsibility of both countries to contribute constructively to the peace, stability and development of Asia
  • the two countries should strive to build a mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests
  • Both sides expressed the view that they should hold talks more frequently
slide14
Japan appreciated China’s peaceful development, which has also provided Japan and the international community with a great opportunity
  • China appreciated the fact that Japan has consistently followed, and will continue to follow, the path of a peaceful countryfor more than 60 yrs since World War Two
slide15
(2)Bilateral meetings on the fringes of the APEC summit in Hanoi (Nov 18)
  • The two leaders

- reaffirmed their commitment to building a mutually beneficial

relationship based on common strategic interests

- exchanged views on concrete measures to realise this

commitment

  • The foreign ministers shared views on arrangements to initiate a joint study of history by Japanese and Chinese scholars
4 building a mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests
4. Building a mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests
  • Efforts and co-operation in several different fields

- Energy-saving and environmental protection

- Protection of intellectual property rights

- Ministerial dialogues & consultations

- Youth exchange –“Japan-China 21st Century Exchange Program”

- Japan-China Exchange Year in culture and sports

slide17

Japan-China 21st Century Exchange Program

To foster mutual trust between people, especially between the youth of Japan and

of China, through direct experience of life and exchanges in the other country.

The Japan Foundation

Japan-China Friendship Center

“Japan-China 21st Century Fund ”(10 billion yen)

“Japan-China Short-term Exchange Program for

High School Students” (500 million yen)

“Medium and Long-term Invitation Program”

(3 weeks -1year)

“Short-term Exchange Program”

(around 10 days)

Invites 1,100 Chinese high school students to Japan, while sending Japanese high school students to China in order to promote youth exchanges between the two countries (e.g. one-day homestay) .

Invites 100 Chinese high-schoolstudents annually(including students who are studying or have studied Japanese) and provides opportunities to experience Japanese society through school life, homestays and other activities with Japanese high school students.

linkage

“Exchange Spots” for

Cultural Experience

in China

Japan-China Exchange

Network

Support and foster people who are in charge of Japan-China exchanges by establishing networks among relevant parties both in Japan and China through information-sharing and support for projects, etc.

Establish and manage “Exchange Spots”, places for Japan-China people-to-people exchanges in facilities where Chinese youth gather,

<Achievement>

Almost 850 Chinese students have visited Japan under the program so far.

slide18

“The Japan-China Exchange Year in Culture and Sports 2007”

Opinion polls (both in Japan and China)

Need to transmit a fair image

of “New Japan”

to China’s younger generations

●Japanese

▼90% get information about China mainly from the mass media.

▼40% have a “very bad” or “not good” image of China.

●Chinese

▼ 90% get information about Japan mainly from the mass media.

▼60% have a “very bad” or ”not good” image of Japan.

Oct 2006 Japan-China Summit Meeting

●agreed to develop exchanges between the two countries by holding “The Japan-China Exchange Year of Culture and Sports” in 2007

Establishing the action committee for “The Japan-China Exchange Year of Culture and Sports 2007”

Upcoming Tasks

●Choosing the logo

●Publicity, etc.

 ●Fundraising

 ●Planning and operating the project

 ●Deciding on projects to be subsidised

slide19
Co-operation in international and regional issues

- issues related to North Korea

- promoting the process of East Asian integration

- UN reform

slide20
Hong Kong’s constructive role and advantages
  • International financial, trade and logistics centre
  • Free and open economy
  • Free press, rule of law, open to different ideas
  • Positive attitude towards Japan
slide22
4 Dec 2006

South China Morning Post (A14)