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FAMILY. Japan and United States John Hadfield. Focus. Evolution of the family systems Roles of the members in the family Family values. JAPAN. Family System. Traditional Family System Modern Family System. JAPAN. Traditional Family System. Traditional Family System

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FAMILY


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    1. FAMILY Japan and United States John Hadfield

    2. Focus • Evolution of the family systems • Roles of the members in the family • Family values

    3. JAPAN Family System • Traditional Family System • Modern Family System

    4. JAPAN Traditional Family System • Traditional Family System • Also know as ie • Preserve household resources • Hierarchy

    5. JAPAN Roles of the Family • Eldest son • Get married and live with parents • Become head of household • Inherit everything

    6. JAPAN Roles of the Family • Adopted son • Occurs when a family has no sons • The daughter’s husband becomes head of the household

    7. JAPAN Roles of the Family • Wife of the eldest son • Housewife (shufu) • The mother-in-law would teach her the ways of the family • Take care of husband’s parents

    8. JAPAN Roles of the Family • Other sons • Fend for themselves • Marry into a family • Daughters • Marry into other households

    9. JAPAN Traditional Family System • Marriage • Arranged marriages • Daughter-in-law needs to prove herself to the family • Divorce was fairly common

    10. JAPAN Decline of the Traditional Family System • More and more nuclear families • Ie system abolished in 1947

    11. JAPAN Modern Family System • Similar to US family system • Consists of parents and children and occasionally grandparents • “The Japanese way”

    12. JAPAN Modern Family System • Marriage • Marriage based on choice • Low divorce rate

    13. United States Colonial Family System • Patriarchy • Family essential for survival • Family dependent on each other • Everyone did their part • Extended Family

    14. United States Colonial Family System • Marriage • Average marriage lasted 10 years • Marriage based on material goods

    15. United States Industrialization • More people working outside the house • Marriages based more on love • A shift to a nuclear family system

    16. United States Ideal Family • In the 1950’s the ideal family was portrayed on TV • Two parents with one or two children

    17. United States Today’s Family • Typically nuclear families • High divorce rate • Working mothers • Let kids make mistakes

    18. United States and Japan Contrasting • Differences in Japan • Men work much longer hours • Women are mostly housewives • Lower divorce rate

    19. United States Disagree Strongly: .1% Disagree Somewhat: 2.2% Not Sure: .8% Agree Somewhat: 21.3% Agree Strongly: 75.5% Japan Disagree Strongly: 28.6% Disagree Somewhat: 35.5% Not Sure: 2.4% Agree Somewhat: 22.3% Agree Strongly: 11.2% “It is a parent’s duty to see that his/her child receives a good education even if it entails sacrifices.”

    20. United States Disagree Strongly: 11.6% Disagree Somewhat: 28.0% Not Sure: 4.9% Agree Somewhat: 35.1% Agree Strongly: 20.4% Japan Disagree Strongly: 28.3% Disagree Somewhat: 33.6% Not Sure: 2.7% Agree Somewhat: 24.5% Agree Strongly: 11.0% “It is best to leave as much property as possible to one’s children.”