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David String. Methadone. Common s treet names: Meth, Done, Dollies, Junk, Fizzies Brand names: Methadose, Diskets, Dolophine Chemical name: Methadone Hydrochloride. Forms of Methadone. Oral Pills. Oral Liquid. Injection. Action of Methadone.

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methadone
Methadone
  • Common street names: Meth, Done, Dollies, Junk, Fizzies
  • Brand names: Methadose, Diskets, Dolophine
  • Chemical name: Methadone Hydrochloride
forms of methadone
Forms of Methadone

Oral Pills

Oral Liquid

Injection

action of methadone
Action of Methadone
  • Methadone works by blocking the opioid receptors of the brain that bindopiates such as heroin.
  • Chemical Formula: 6-(dimethylamino)-4,4-diphenyl-3-hepatanone hydrochloride
action of methadone1
Action of Methadone
  • There are two major affects from blocking these receptors:
  • 1. Methadone will block these receptors for up to 24 hours and even if a person addicted to heroin takes heroin after taking methadone, the person will not feel the same effects of the heroin that he or she has felt before.
  • 2. The action of methadone is associated with slower and less intense withdrawal symptoms than heroin. This can help people going through withdrawal by helping them to avoid the unpleasant withdrawal symptoms associated with heroin.
history of methadone
History of Methadone
  • Synthesized in Germany at the pharmaceutical laboratories of I.G. Farben in 1939.
  • Product of a research chain in the area of synthetic antipyretics (fever reducer) and analgetics (pain relievers).
  • Made to be a painkiller.
  • Brought to the United States in 1947.
medical use of methadone
Medical use of Methadone
  • Opioid pain reliever, similar to morphine.
  • Reduces withdrawal symptoms in people addicted to heroin or other narcotic drugs.
  • Used in drug rehabilitation centers.
schedule rating of methadone
Schedule Rating of Methadone
  • Methadone is a Schedule 2 controlled substance.
  • Schedule 2 drugs have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
  • Schedule rating of drugs varies from 1 through 5.
  • Schedule rating 1: no medical use and highly addictive.
  • Schedule rating 5: has medical use and not highly addictive.
physiological effects
Physiological Effects
  • Constriction of pupils
  • Respiratory depression
  • Strong analgesia (pain relief)
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle flaccidity (relaxed muscles)
  • Constipation
  • Decreased heart rate
psychological effects
Psychological Effects
  • Mood swings (happy to sad)
  • Sedation
  • Depressed reflexes
  • Altered sensory perception
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
side effects
Side Effects
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Urinary retention
  • Convulsions
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Coma
  • Death
bibliography
Bibliography

www.methadoneabusehelp.com/methadone-street-names

www.drugs.com/methadone.html

www.rxlist.com/dolophine-drug.htm

www.medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/methadone

www.indro-online.de/discovery.pdf

www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules/index.html

www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/research/job185drugs/methadone.htm