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Educational Psychology 302. Session 9 Social Learning Theory. Social Learning Assumptions . People learn by ________ others Learning may or may not result in a behavior change Goals influence behaviors patterns People learn to eventually regulate their own behavior

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educational psychology 302

Educational Psychology302

Session 9

Social Learning Theory

social learning assumptions
Social Learning Assumptions
  • People learn by ________ others
  • Learning may or may not result in a behavior change
  • Goals influence behaviors patterns
  • People learn to eventually regulate their own behavior
  • _____________ and ___________ have an indirect affect on learning
slide10

Albert Bandura 1925—

Social Cognitive Theory—Stanford University

modeling
Modeling . . .
  • Live—_______
  • Observational Learning
  • Response Facilitation (reinforced behavior)
  • Response Inhibition (punished behavior)
  • Response Disinhibition (nonpunishment)
slide12

Model Criteria . . .

  • Competence
  • Prestige or Power
  • ________ Appropriate
  • Situationally Relevant
conditions necessary for successful modeling
Conditions Necessary for Successful Modeling

The learner must:

  • Pay attention to the model
  • Remember what the model does
  • Physically _________ the modeled behavior
  • Be motivated to demonstrate the modeled behavior
models in the media
Models in the Media

Questions:

  • What messages does television give children and adolescents regarding acceptable and unacceptable behavior?
  • Does television promote gender stereotypes?
self efficacy
Self-Efficacy

Definition: The confidence in one’s ability to execute a behavior successfully

  • Self-efficacy is generally ________ specific

Influences behavior in three ways:

  • Choice of activities
  • Persistence in activity
  • Actual achievement
factors affecting the development of self efficacy
Factors Affecting the Development of Self-Efficacy
  • Success or failure at a task (or similar one) performed in the past
  • Reinforcing messages—direct or implied
  • The performance of others like themselves on the same or similar task
    • Peer modeling
self regulation
Self-Regulation

Definition: Monitoring and __________ our own behavior.

Components:

  • Self-determined goals
  • Self-monitoring—that process which helps us know how well we are doing on our goals (standards) and what will need improvement
  • Self-instruction—reminder(s) about how to respond in a particular situation
self regulation cont
Self-Regulation (cont.)
  • Components:
    • Self-evaluation—the ability to judge ones own behavior
    • Self-imposed contingencies—reinforcement (rewards/punishment) provided when accomplishing or failing to accomplish pre-set goals or standards
    • Intrinsically as opposed to ____________ motivated
reciprocal causation
Reciprocal Causation

Social Learning Theory’s view that environment, behavior, and person are essential in building a foundation or learning, and that each influences the other.