6th Grade Art & Introduction to Art Color Wheel
Color Terms to Know • HUE: is the color we see (such as red) • VALUE: is the lightness or darkness of a color (maroon is a dark value of red and pink is a light value) • TINT: When white is added to a color • SHADE: When black is added to a color
The Color Wheel – PRIMARY COLORS • There are 3PRIMARY colors: Red, Yellow and Blue • These colors CANNOT be mixed to be made • They make all the other colors on the wheel • If you draw straight lines connecting the primaries, you will create a triangle
The Color Wheel – SECONDARY COLORS • When you mix equal parts of 2 primary colors together, you get a SECONDARY color • Secondary colors are Orange, Green, and Violet (Purple) • If you draw straight lines connecting secondary colors, you will create a triangle
The Color Wheel – COLOR MIXING • When you mix a primary and a secondary color together, you will get a TERTIARY color • Tertiary colors are Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, Yellow-Orange and Yellow-Green. • The PRIMARY color is always named first.
The Color Wheel – TEMPERATURE Colors have a visual temperature Some are WARM and some are COOL
The Color Wheel – WARM COLORS • Red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange and yellow are warm colors • Warm colors appear to advance (or come forward) in a picture and make objects appear to be larger • They remind us of fire or sun.
The Color Wheel – COOL COLORS • Greens, blues, and violets are cool colors. • Cool colors appear to recede (or go back into) the picture and make objects seem smaller. • These colors are calm and restful.
The Color Wheel – WARM & COOL Yellow-Green and Red-Violet can function as either warm or cool since they have properties of both. In a painting that is primarily cool, red-violet would add warmth while in a warm color scheme, it would appear cooler
The Color Wheel – TINTS, TONES & SHADES • When white is added to a hue, the resulting color is called a TINT---for example, pink is the resulting color when white is added to red. • When black is added to a hue, it produces a SHADE. Navy blue is a shade of blue and maroon is a shade of red. • By adding gray to a hue, it produces a TONE. This dilutes the intensity of the color. (Makes it duller)
The Color Wheel – COLOR SCHEMESMONOCHROMATIC Color Schemes are colors that naturally fit together to make your artwork nicer. Monochromatic: (mono = one and chromatic = color) All the shades and tints of one color.
The Color Wheel – COMPLIMENTARY Complimentary: In a complimentary color scheme, 2 colors compliment each other because they are equally strong. Complimentary colors are DIRECTLY OPPOSITE each other on the color wheel. Complimentary colors can create an optical illusion because they can visually vibrate next to each other.
The Color Wheel – SPLIT COMPLEMENTARY A Split Complimentary color scheme is when you chose a color and the two colors on either side of the chosen colors compliment.
The Color Wheel – TRIADIC A Triadic color scheme is a set of 3 colors (tri means 3) that are equally spaced apart on the color wheel.
The Color Wheel – ANALOGOUS An Analogous color scheme is the use of 3-4 colors that are next door neighbors because they live side by side on the color wheel.
The Color Wheel – NEUTRAL Black, White, Gray and Brown are neutral colors and are NOT on the color wheel.