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Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy. How to Write an Effective Paragraph. Get Ready to Color Your World !. How to Write an Effective Paragraph Materials : When we write, we will use blue, red, and black pens. BLUE is for Topic Sentences ( TS ) and Concluding Sentences ( CS ).

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jane schaffer writing strategy

Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy

How to Write an Effective Paragraph

get ready to color your world
GetReadyto ColorYourWorld!

How to Write an Effective Paragraph

  • Materials: When we write, we will use blue, red, and black pens.
  • BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS)
  • and Concluding Sentences (CS).
  • RED is for Concrete Details (CD).
  • BLACK is for Commentary Sentences (CM).
step 1 topic sentence
Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE
  • A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger.
  • TS = first sentence of the paragraph.
  • It shows the main idea.
  • Usually a mildly controversial
  • statement--something that you have to
  • prove.
example topic sentence ts
Example Topic Sentence (TS)

1) In the fairy tale “Cinderella,”

the main character feels

mistreated.

step 2 concrete details
Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS
  • Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger.
  • CDs = facts, quotes, examples, etc. from the text.
  • CDs can’t be argued with—a CD is evidence that supports your point!
example concrete detail cd
Example Concrete Detail (CD)

2) For example, Cinderella must do all of the cooking and cleaning for her family.

step 3 commentary
Step 3: COMMENTARY
  • Commentary Sentences (CM) are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious!
  • CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.
example commentary sentences 2 cm s
Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs)

3) These chores keep her isolated and friendless. 4) The stepmother is thus able to give Cinderella even more work, which prevents her from going to the ball.

step 4 concluding sentence
Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE
  • A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger.
  • A CS wraps up the paragraph.
  • It rephrases the main idea.
example concluding sentence cs
Example Concluding Sentence (CS)
  • Therefore, Cinderella
  • feels abused by the very
  • people who are supposed to
  • love her.
ts cd cm cs now what
TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What?
  • CHUNKING

A combination of CDs and CMs is called a “chunk.”

In English, we will mostly use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:2. That is, for every 1CD, you will have 2CMs.

slide12

One Chunk: 1 CD + 2 CM

For example, Cinderella must do all of the cooking and cleaning for her family. These chores keep her isolated and friendless. The stepmother is thus able to give Cinderella even more work, which prevents her from going to the ball.

Ratio = 1:2

let s eat
LET’S EAT!

Now you know how to write a one-chunk paragraph!

Let’s read it all together:

step 6 a whole paragraph
Step 6: A Whole Paragraph

In the fairy tale “Cinderella,” the main character feels mistreated.For example, Cinderella must do all of the cooking and cleaning for her family. These chores keep her isolated and friendless. The stepmother is thus able to give Cinderella even more work, which prevents her from going to the ball. Therefore, Cinderella feels abused by the very people who are supposed to love her.

choose a fairy tale character
Choose a Fairy Tale Character.

The Big Bad Wolf in Little Red Riding Hood.

Point to prove: He was framed. He didn’t really attack Red.

TS: The Big Bad Wolf in the fairy tale “Little Red Riding Hood” was framed. He never attacked Red and her granny!

concrete detail
Concrete Detail
  • For example, everyone in town knew that Little Red Riding Hood was holding a grudge against the wolf. She was still angry about him pushing her hood over her head in Kindergarten.
commentary 2
Commentary (2)
  • Since she was holding a grudge, she purposefully teased Mr. Wolf in the woods by showing him her grandmother’s goody basket.
  • It was common knowledge that poor Mr. Wolf was starving out of his mind since becoming a Vegan, and she was “taunting” him.
concluding sentence
Concluding Sentence
  • So, looking at the cold, hard facts. It is easy to see that Mr. Wolf may have not been the aggressor in this attack. It very well could have been a set-up that was master-minded by a vengeful little girl.
all together now
All together now…
  • The Big Bad Wolf in the fairy tale “Little Red Riding Hood” was framed. He never attacked Red and her granny! For example, everyone in town knew that Little Red Riding Hood was holding a grudge against the wolf. She was still angry about him pushing her hood over her head in Kindergarten.Since she was holding a grudge, she purposefully teased Mr. Wolf in the woods by showing him her grandmother’s goody basket.
  • It was common knowledge that poor Mr. Wolf was starving out of his mind since becoming a Vegan, and she was “taunting” him. So, looking at the cold, hard facts. It is easy to see that Mr. Wolf may have not been the aggressor in this attack. It very well could have been a set-up that was master-minded by a vengeful little girl.