Canadian Battles In WWII. A Power Point Presentation. The Battle of the North Atlantic.
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A Power Point Presentation
The goal for the Allies in this war was to ship supplies to England (weapons, food, medical supplies, etc.) Germany used U-boats to sink these ships. Canada used the convoy system to protect its merchant ships. The Canadian-made ‘Corvette’ traveled in the convoy of 50-60 ships. This battle went on over the duration of the war. It was vital to the success of the allies.
December 8-24, 1941
Canadian soldiers first engaged in battle while defending the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong against a Japanese attack in December, 1941. The Canadians at Hong Kong fought against overwhelming odds and most had limited military training. They had virtually no chance of victory, but refused to surrender until they were overrun by the enemy. Those who survived the battle became prisoners of war (POWs) and many endured torture and starvation by their Japanese captors. In all, more than 550 of the 1,975 Canadians who sailed from Vancouver in October 1941 never returned.
On December 24, the Japanese overran a makeshift hospital in Hong Kong, assaulting and murdering nurses and bayoneting wounded Canadian soldiers in their beds. After the colony surrendered, the cruelty would continue. For more than three and a half years, the Canadian POWs were imprisoned in Hong Kong and Japan in the foulest of conditions and had to endure brutal treatment and near-starvation. In the filthy, primitive POW quarters in Northern Japan, they would often work 12 hours a day in mines or on the docks in the cold, subsisting on rations of 800 calories a day. Many did not survive.
At Dieppe Canada hoped to quickly attack the Germans who had taken over France. The raid was a failure because they did not arrive under the cover of darkness as planned. As a result the Germans were ready for the attack and easily mowed down soldiers as they landed on the beaches. More Canadians died at Dieppe than on any other day of the war. Of 5000 troops 1400 were killed/wounded, while approx. 2000 were taken prisoner.Dieppe Video
Corpses on the beach next to two Churchill tanks of the 14th Armoured Regiment (Calgary) stuck in pebbles. Behind them, thick smoke coming from LCT 5.
Department of National Defence / National Archives of Canada C-014160.
Officer and soldiers examining a Churchill tank stuck on the beach in front of the boardwalk after the battle, its left track broken. Wounded men lying on the ground are about to be evacuated. Dieppe, August 19th, 1942.
"The second the boat scraped the beach, I jumped out and started to follow the sappers through the barbed wire. My immediate objective was a concrete pillbox on top of a 12-foot parapet about 100 yards up the beach. I think I had taken three steps when the first one hit me. You say a bullet or a piece of shrapnel hits you but the word isn't right. They slam you the way a sledgehammer slams you. There's no sharp pain at first. It jars you so much you're not sure exactly where you've been hit-or what with."- Lt-Col Dollard Ménard, Fusiliers Mont-Royal
Canadian prisoners escorted by German guards marching through Dieppe, August 19th, 1942.
Canadian troops began their fight in Italy by easily driving up the peninsula from the Southern tip of Sicily in an attempt to drive German soldiers back to Germany. German forces made a stand at Ortona to try to protect Rome from falling. Canadian troops distinguished themselves at Ortona by defeating elite German soldiers and capturing the city on December 27. This was one of Canada’s greatest achievements in the war.
Tanks Attack Ortona
Germans Defending a Street
Canadian Infantry in Ortona
Mussolini, after being killed he was hung at a gas station along with 15 other leading fascists. People were allowed to desecrate his body in order to take out their frustrations with his rule. Video
Operation ‘Overlord’ was the name given to the largest allied surprise attack in WWII. The purpose was to launch a massive invasion to regain control of German controlled Europe in France. Canadian forces joined the British and Americans and were assigned an Eastern section of Normandy’s beaches called ‘Juno’ beach. Canadian troops successfully took Juno Beach from German control. By the end of D-Day more than 155,000 soldiers and 6000 vehicles had landed in France. The allies successfully destroyed the defending Germans and began to move inland. This forced Germany to fight a war on two fronts. D-Day Summary
Landing craft with Canadian troops approach the Normandy beach.
German prisoners captured on D-Day
Reinforcements arrive at a Normandy
Gallery of Spy Tools
Once the Nazis were forced out of France the occupied countries of Europe needed to be liberated. The Canadians were assigned the Netherlands and Belgium. The Germans resisted this liberation and were ordered to fiercely defend their ground by Hitler. Despite this Canada freed these countries. On May 8, 1945 Germany surrendered to the invading allied forces, known as VE-Day (victory in Europe).
Crowd welcoming the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders of Canada to Leeuwarden, the Netherlands
Infantry of the South Saskatchewan Regiment lying down and firing through a hedge near Dutch farmhouse
German soldiers being disarmed by troops of I Canadian Corps at a small arms dump in the Netherlands, May 11th, 1945.