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Functions in the Body - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fat-soluble organic compound found principally in certain plant oils and leaves of green vegetables Consists of eight chemical forms but only alpha-tocopherol meets human requirement. Functions in the Body.

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Fat-soluble organic compound found principally in certain plant oils and leaves of green vegetables

Consists of eight chemical forms but only alpha-tocopherol meets human requirement

Functions in the Body plant oils and leaves of green vegetables

  • Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and anti-carcinogen as well as anti-aging supplement.

  • Due to its antioxidant capabilities Vitamin E protects our body from:

    • carbon, lead, mercury, tetrachloride, the ozone, nitrous oxide and other carcinogens.

  • Helps skin and scar tissue heal.

  • Prevention of cancer.

  • Assists in the maintenance of vitamins A and C in the body.

  • Enhances antibody formation and benefits people suffering from a cold or other viruses.

  • Essential for cardiovascular health and for sex organ functioning.

  • Maintains the integrity of cell membranes.

  • Generally seen in: plant oils and leaves of green vegetables

    • premature infants

    • individuals with genetic abnormalities

    • those who cannot digest fat

  • Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms in Infants

    • Loss of weight and delayed growth

    • Poor feeding habits

    • Developmental problems that includes physical and mental problems

    • Retrolental fibroplasia:

      • Eye disease thought to be caused by disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels

      • result in scarring and retinal detachment.

      • May lead to blindness in serious cases.

  • Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms in Children plant oils and leaves of green vegetables

    • Spinocerebellar ataxia with loss of deep tendon reflexes

    • Truncal and limb ataxia

    • Loss of vibration and position senses

    • Ophthalmoplegia

      • Paralysis or weakness of one or more of the muscles that control eye movement

    • Muscle weakness

    • Ptosis

      • abnormally low position (drooping) of the upper eyelid.

    • Dysarthria

      • difficulty in articulation of words due to neurologic disturbances of function of orofacial muscles, tongue, lips, and throat.

    • Slow growth in children

  • Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms in Adults plant oils and leaves of green vegetables

    • Mild hemolytic anemia

      • Abnormal breakdown of RBC’s

    • Nonspecific neurological deficits

    • Disorders related to reproduction and infertility

    • Fragile red blood cells

    • Age spots

    • Cataracts

      • clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye or in its envelope, varying in degree from slight to complete opacity and obstructing the passage of light.

    • Certain Neurological damage

    • Decrease in sex drive

    • Muscle, liver, bone marrow and brain function abnormalities.

  • One quarter of whites and Hispanics, nearly one-half of African-Americans, and one-third of other ethnic groups have Vitamin E levels which place them at greater risk of cardiovascular disease.

  • Three national and the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals have found that the diets of most Americans provide less than the RDA levels of vitamin E.

  • Because the digestive tract requires fat to absorb vitamin E, people with fat-malabsorption disorders are more likely to become deficient than people without such disorders.

  • The following populations may be at risk for vitamin E deficiency

    • People with Crohn’s disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Celiac Disease , pancreatic enzyme deficiency, and liver disease.

    • Very low birth weight infants—These infants are usually under the care of a neonatologist, who will evaluate and treat the premature infant's exact nutrition needs.

    • People who suffer from abetalipoproteinemia—This is a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism that results in poor absorption of dietary fat and vitamin E.

    • Patients on Dialysis ,chronic parenteral nutrition and patients after Gastric Bypass surgery

  • deficiency