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FIN 200: Personal Finance. Topic 2–Introduction to Financial Planning Larry Schrenk, Instructor. Introduction. FIN 200 Personal Finance Larry Schrenk, Instructor E-Mail: schrenk@american.edu Office: 260 McKinley Office Telephone: 202-885-2794 Course Page

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fin 200 personal finance

FIN 200: Personal Finance

Topic 2–Introduction to Financial Planning

Larry Schrenk, Instructor

introduction
Introduction
  • FIN 200 Personal Finance
  • Larry Schrenk, Instructor
    • E-Mail: schrenk@american.edu
    • Office: 260 McKinley
    • Office Telephone: 202-885-2794
  • Course Page

http://auapps.american.edu/~schrenk/FIN200/FIN200.htm

  • Syllabus
learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Explain the concept of financial planning.
  • Outline the elements of a personal financial plan.
  • Describe the development of a personal financial plan.▪
poor financial planning
Poor Financial Planning
  • In a survey...a large majority of corporate owners and executives of middle-market companies do not meet their personal financial goals in spite of the success of their business enterprise. source
  • Multiple surveys “suggest that people's financial planning methods are fairly rudimentary, that their financial knowledge is generally poor, and that their self-described savings plans are often inconsistent with the predictions of standard saving models. source
students and financial planning
Students and Financial Planning
  • Over 60% of you have credit cards.
  • About 15% of you have balances over $1,000; about 5% exceeding $3,000.
  • Average Undergraduate Credit Card Debt: $2,200
  • Sticking to minimum payments it would take you more than 12 years and $1,115 in interest to pay off a $1,000 bill on a card with an 18 percent annual rate.
financial thinking
Financial Thinking
  • Opportunity Costs
  • Trade-Offs
    • Risk versus Return
    • Costs versus Benefits
  • Incentives
  • Short-Term versus Long-Term
  • Wealth versus Income
the basic definitions
The Basic Definitions
  • Personal Finance:
  • Personal Financial Plan
elements of the financial plan
Elements of the Financial Plan
  • Budgeting (Topics 5-7)
  • Liquidity (Topics 8-9)
  • Financing (Topics 10-11)
  • Protecting (Topics 12-14)
  • Investing (Topics 15-21)
  • Retiring and Estate Planning (Topics 22-23)
1 budgeting
1. Budgeting
  • Evaluate your current position (market value)
    • Assets: what you own
    • Liabilities: what you owe
    • Net Worth: Assets - Liabilities
  • Develop a plan for financial stability (more later)
    • Identify personal needs, goals and desires
    • Forecast the financial decisions required to meet these
      • ‘Cash Flows’ e.g.,
        • Big Spender (little or no savings)
        • Big Saver (relatively little spending)
        • Negative Saver (withdrawing savings to support spending)
2 liquidity
2. Liquidity
  • Liquidity: The ability to meet your expected and unexpected short-term obligations.
  • Two facets:
    • Money (‘cash-like’)–Expected obligations
    • Credit (borrowing)–Unexpected obligations
  • Trade-off between liquidity and return
    • E.g., cash, checking, savings account, versus
    • Long-term investments
3 financing
3. Financing
  • Major Expenditures
    • Car
    • House
    • Retirement
  • Key Decisions
    • Is the purchase a sound financial decision?
    • How do I best raise the required funds?
4 protecting
4. Protecting
  • Insurance
    • Auto
    • Home
    • Health and Disability
    • Life
5 investing
5. Investing
  • Investment Opportunities
  • Risk versus Return
    • Return: The increased value of an investment over time (expressed as a percentage)
    • Risk: The possibility that the return you expected is not what you actually receive.
6 retiring and estate planning
6. Retiring and Estate Planning
  • Retirement Planning
    • Retirement Goals
    • Required Savings
    • Investment Plan
  • Estate Planning
    • Planned Size of Estate
    • Distribution of Estate
developing a personal financial plan
Developing a Personal Financial Plan
  • Determine Lifetime Goals
  • Establish Financial Goals to Meet Lifetime Goals
  • Evaluate Current Financial Position

NOTE: This is the focus of the course project!

developing a personal financial plan1
Developing a Personal Financial Plan
  • Formulate Financial Plans
    • Career
    • Education
    • Savings
    • Spending
    • Lifestyle
example career
Example: Career

Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Data for 800 occupations.

developing a personal financial plan2
Developing a Personal Financial Plan
  • Select Optimal Plan
  • Evaluate Financial Plan
  • Revise Financial Plan
ethical dilemma chap 1 16 7
Ethical Dilemma (Chap.1, 16.7)
  • Sandy and Phil decide to go to Sandy's cousin Larry, who is a stockbroker. Larry tells them the only fee he will charge is for transactions. Larry recommends stocks of several well-known companies which they purchase. Three months later, Larry tells them that they need to sell the stocks and buy several others. Three months later, the same thing happens. At the end of they had sold each of the stocks for more than they had paid, but the total dollar value of their portfolio had declined, since the transaction fees exceeded their capital gains.
    • a. Do you think Larry behaved ethically? Explain.
    • b. Would Larry have a personal reason for handling Sandy and Phil's portfolio as he did? Explain.