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Do Now. Come in quietly. Sit down and take out 2 sheets of binder paper, a pen or pencil and eraser. Put your study guide with your name on top in the middle of the table. Be ready to do the essay portion of the test.

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do now
Do Now
  • Come in quietly.
  • Sit down and take out 2 sheets of binder paper, a pen or pencil and eraser.
  • Put your study guide with your name on top in the middle of the table.
  • Be ready to do the essay portion of the test.
  • When you are finished, copy down today’s objective, standards, and do the warm up. After you complete that, you may start the homework.
imperialism

Imperialism!

10.4.1 - Describe the rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism and colonialism (e.g., the role played by national security and strategic advantage; moral issues raised by the search for national hegemony, Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse; material issues such as land, resources, and technology).

10.4.3 - Explain imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized and the varied immediate and long-term responses by the people under colonial rule.

slide3
Warm Up: What do you think the word Imperialism means and where might have you been exposed to this word?

Standard

Objective

I will apply my knowledge of the Industrial Revolution to the Age of Imperialism in the form of a game called “Scramble for Africa”

  • 10.4.1 - Describe the rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism and colonial­ ism (e.g., the role played by national security and strategic advantage; moral issues raised by the search for national hegemony, Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse; material issues such as land, resources, and technology).
  • 10.4.3 - Explain imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized and the varied immediate and long-term responses by the people under colonial rule.
industrialism and imperialism
Industrialism and Imperialism
  • Why do you think European countries wanted to expand?
  • What is the most important factor of industrialization?
  • What is the second most important factor?
  • Predict how these factor might play a role in imperialism!
scramble for africa
Scramble for Africa!
  • Rules
    • Read your Goal cards and DO NOT let anyone else see your card.
    • Set the order who goes first (this is written on your goal card
    • Write your name using the expo marker for areas you claim.
    • You may overlap territories but you may also force them out of an area you really want. You may use military power, but you may only use this once!
    • Teacher will settle all disputes, keep disputed areas to the end
  • How do you win?
    • Meet your goal as best as you can.
    • Once the board has been settled, reveal your goals to each other to see if anyone met their goal.
things to remember
Things to remember!
  • Copy down all your moves!
  • Follow your goal card!
  • Be smart what you choose!
  • Be good at Rock, Paper, Scissors
  • Don’t be bad at Rock, Paper, Scissors
  • Military force – you can kick 1 country out of a territory you want, but you have a limited amount.
  • Options: You can claim new territory, negotiate with another country and move borders, or go to war (military power or rock, paper, scissors.
  • Great Britain has a strong army = 1 Victory whenever going to war.
  • Portugal has a strong navy = 1 Victory for any coast or island during war
  • Great Britain was the first to industrialize – start with 2 colonies.
  • Great Britain has 4 “military powers”
  • France has 2 “military powers”
  • All other countries have 1 “military powers”
slide7
Warm Up: Look at your map and the map of what actually happened, how close were your maps? (number 5 on your handout!)

Standard

Objective

I will take the knowledge of the game and compare it to the what actually happened during the “Scramble For Africa”

  • 10.4.1 - Describe the rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism and colonial­ ism (e.g., the role played by national security and strategic advantage; moral issues raised by the search for national hegemony, Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse; material issues such as land, resources, and technology).
  • 10.4.3 - Explain imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized and the varied immediate and long-term responses by the people under colonial rule.
countries and goals
Countries and Goals
  • Great Britain: Your goal will be to conquer as much of the African continent as possible.
  • France: Your goal will be to expand from the West African coast toward Central Africa because of the diamonds and gold.
  • Italy : Your goal will be to gain as many territories as possible.
  • Portugal - You want to control as many coastal territories as possible.
  • Spain – You want to have the regions in west, central and southern Africa because that is where you find the most natural resources.
  • Germany: Your goal will be to gain as many territories as possible and you want 1 west and 1 east colony.
  • Belgium: Place as many markers as you possibly can in the center of Africa, focusing on central Africa for the rubber.
the scramble for africa
The Scramble for Africa
  • Why did Europeans want to take Africa?
    • Source or raw materials
    • Market for their industrial products
  • By what means did they start to take over Africa?
    • Imperialism! – the seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country.
what was africa like before europeans
What was Africa Like before Europeans?
  • Civilization was divided into hundreds of different groups.
  • Some followed their original beliefs, while others converted to Islam or Christianity
  • Africa was able to keep Europeans out for 400 years till the 1880’s when Europeans only controlled 10% of Africa
  • Europeans could not navigate central Africa and could not handle their rivers.
  • Africans had their own trade networks which were not dependent on the Europeans
  • Who did make it to Africa?
    • Explorers, Missionaries and, Humanitarians who opposed the slave trade
the congo why the congo
The Congo? Why the Congo?
  • Henry Stanley, a reporter, went to look for a missing missionary, David Livingstone.
  • Eventually Stanley set off himself to explore the Congo River
  • Signed treaties with the locals and gave control to Belgium
  • King Leopold II of Belgium wanted to abolish slavery and promote Christianity
    • His other motive was to have the Africans extract rubber from the plants.
    • Because of the exploitations, Belgium takes the from Leopold
  • Starts the Scramble for Africa
what drove imperialism
What drove Imperialism?
  • Needed new markets to sell their goods to
  • Needed raw materials to improve their economies
  • Eurocentric Superiority
    • Europeans believed that they were better than every one else (nationalism – pride in one’s country) which lead to a competition of who could own the most
now you took the land how do you control the people
Now you took the land, how do you control the people?
  • Maxim Machine Gun
    • First automatic machine gun
    • Africa’s primitive weapons were no match
  • Steam Engine
    • Allowed the Europeans to travel up rivers more efficiently and control Africa (Steam Boat)
    • Railroads connected colonies together
  • Better Medicine
    • Malaria kept them on the coast, but with a drug (quinine), it protected them from contracting the disease
  • No unity among the tribes
    • Too many different languages and customs lead to many wars between different tribes.
divide and conquer
Divide and Conquer!
  • Division of Africa begins in 1880
  • French expansion toward Western Sudan
  • Discovery diamonds and gold in South Africa lead to more interest
  • The Berlin Conference
    • Had a conference to prevent war between the 14 different nations trying to claim Africa
    • Rules – notify the others that you are claiming that area and being able to back up the claim
    • Did not care about those who already inhabited the area
    • After effects – only 2 countries (Ethiopia and Liberia) remained free
check for understanding
Check for Understanding!

Q: What were the 2 main reasons the Europeans take over Africa?

A: The Europeans needed new markets to sell their goods to and they also needed raw materials to improve their economies.

europeans miscalculate
Europeans Miscalculate
  • Africans do not have much use for the European goods.
  • Europeans need the natural resources of Africa
    • Find a lot of minerals and elements (such as tin and copper)
    • Gold and Diamonds were among the riches Europeans went for
  • Develop cash crop plantations
    • Grow peanuts, palm oil, cocoa, and rubber
    • Kicked the Africans out who used the land to grow food for their families
the fight for south africa
The fight for South Africa!
  • The Africans, Dutch and the British all fight for the land and resources of South Africa
  • The Africans, lead by Shaka (from the Zulu tribe), were no match for the British and their advanced weapons
    • Were very close to defeating the British even with the use of only spears and shields.
    • Britain takes over in 1887
  • Dutch were the first to settle the Cape of Good Hope (the southern most tip of Africa)
    • Boers (Dutch for farmers) settled and took the African land for farming
    • Clashed with the British (when they took over) over land and slaves
    • Boers moved out of South Africa and eventually fought the Zulu when they moved up.
the boer war
The Boer War!
  • Discovery of diamonds and gold lead to a rush to South Africa
  • Boers tried to keep people out and from gaining political power
  • Boers believe that the British tried to start an uprising against them and the Boers declared war on the British
  • Boers used guerilla tactics and raids while the British burned their farms and put their prisoners in concentration camps
  • Black South Africans fought on the side of the Boers to keep the British out.
  • Britain is victorious in 1910 and creates the Union of South Africa