Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
An investigation into the environmental impact of off-license premises on residential neighbourhoods . Dr Alasdair Forsyth Glasgow Caledonian University. SSA Annual Symposium 2010 Session 4, November 12 th Park Inn, York. Licensed Trade Research & Disorder.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Dr Alasdair Forsyth
Glasgow Caledonian University
SSA Annual Symposium 2010
Session 4, November 12th
Park Inn, York
From 1,239 Photographs:
DZ= Data Zone
ranked by deprivation (SIMD) from 1 (most) – 30 (least deprived)
1Lager (41.1%) Buckfast tonic wine (35.1%)
2 Tonic Wine (35.1%)Stella Artois lager (9.5%)
3 Vodka (6.3%) Tennents* (9.3%)
4Alcopops (3.3%) Miller lager (6.5%)
5 [amber] Cider (3.3%) Glen’s vodka (5.6%)
6 White Cider (3.1%) Budweiser lager (5.6%)
7 Super Lager (2.1%) Carling lager (4.1%)
8 Fruit flav. Beverage (1.3%) Strongbow* (3.5%)
9 Spirit Miniatures (0.9%) Smirnoff* (2.8%)
* Indicates more than one product in brand (e.g. Tennents lager, super-lager and Special ale)
Note : Buckfast tonic wine was not stocked in either superstore yet this one product yielded 54.0% of all glass photos (and was significantly more likely to be smashed)
Vauxhall, London, Monday 13/09/10
Only 2 instances of this ‘suspect brand’ were photographed
Contemporaneous AERC funded research found Buckfast tonic wine to be the beverage of choice amongst male youth street drinkers and Lambriniperry to be the beverage of choice among females!
So why did this research yield 494 photos of Buckfast detritus yet only 2 of Lambrini?
I: “So what do you prefer when you drink outside?”
All: “Lambrini! Lambrini!” P2: “We’re Lambrini Girls!” [P1]:It’s cheap, it’s a good laugh, it doesn’t get you, you know how you get some alcohol for some people that makes them dead violent. Or it makes them angry or get into a fight or whatever? Lambrini is just, a good light- hearted drink, you can drink it on its own…”[Focus Group #8, City Park]
(Galloway, Forsyth & Shewan, 2007 p63. AERC Report 044)
Top 10 (most often) Brands of alcoholBrands consumed by Young
product glass Offenders who drank alcohol
photographed prior to their current offence
Buckfast tonic wine 54.0%* 43.4%
Stella Artois lager 8.0% 2.0%
Glen’s vodka 7.1% 1.0%
Budweiser lager 5.9% 1.0%
Tennents* 0.5% 4.0%
Miller lager 1.5% 3.0%
Carling lager 3.7% 0
Strongbow* 0 3.0%
Grolsch lager 1.7% 0
* Indicates brands not products (e.g. Smirnoff Ice alcopop or Smirnoff vodka)
Note : *Buckfast comprised 74.2% (n = 72) of broken bottles with cap attached!
Source: McKinlay, W., Forsyth, A. J. M. & Khan, F. (2009) Alcohol and Violence among Young Male Offenders in Scotland. SPS Occasional Paper No. 1 / 09. Edinburgh: Scottish Prison
“Was any information available on the number of trash receptacles available in each area? These are important items to be mentioned if not included.” (Reviewer #1)
“The authors make several statements such as "appeared to be related" and "appeared to be less important". How were these statements arrived upon, i.e. what type of statistical test was used to determine if importance or relationship of these variables?” (Reviewer #2)
Here (a photo of author’s home street) the Buckfast bottle “appears” to be related to the bus stop as much as the littler bin (maps of bus stops in Study Area corroborated this)
security staff may drive ‘marginal’ consumers
towards local shops (hangouts)
Discounts) may be pushing local shops to
become dependent on ‘suspect’ beverages
AERC Online Report:
Forsyth, A.J.M., Davidson, N. & Lennox, J.C. (2007) An investigation into the environmental impact of off-license premises on residential neighbourhoods.
Forsyth, A. J. M. & Davidson, N. (2008) Passing The Buck? Are local licensed grocers to blame for alcohol-related incivility in residential communities? Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 14: July, 63–95
Forsyth A. J. M. & Davidson, N. (2010) Community off-sales provision and the presence of alcohol-related detritus in residential neighbourhoods. Health & Place, 16:2, 349-358.
Forsyth A. J. M. & Davidson, N. (2010) The nature and extent of Illegal Drug and Alcohol-related Litter in a Scottish Social Housing Community: A photographic investigation. Addiction Research & Theory. 18:1, 71-83.