The Crucible by Arthur Miller. The Crucible Author: Arthur Miller Genre: Play Date set: 1692 Setting: Salem, Massachusetts Date written: 1953 Century: 20 th century. The problems with religious communities. Mass hysteria. An imperfect justice system. The danger of holding grudges.
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The Crucible by Arthur Miller
The Crucible Author: Arthur Miller Genre: Play Date set: 1692 Setting: Salem, Massachusetts Date written: 1953 Century: 20th century
The problems with religious communities Mass hysteria An imperfect justice system The danger of holding grudges Distrust of women How jealousy can affect others The power of lies and deceit Themes…
The Allegory of The Crucible An allegory is astory in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning. Three Terms to Know In the 1940s and 1950s “The Red Scare” was the perceived threat posed by communists in the U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy (R – Wisconsin) was the ringleader of American officials who used political power to hunt down communists. The formal congressional group that investigated allegations of communism was known as H.U.A.C. or the House Un-American Activities Committee.
A Story of Three Worlds What is happening in the world of the story? - 1690s What is happening in the world of the author? - 1950s What is happening in the world of the reader? - 2010s
A Story of Three Motifs Wilderness Community Individualism
Symbolism in The Crucible The red doll/poppet is a symbol of misunderstanding and faulty evidence. A symbol is an object in a story that represents an idea. Crucible: a container in which metals may be melted to very high temperatures. The term “crucible” is used in the title because it is symbolic of the intensity and pressure that Salem is subjected to, and how the citizens melt under that pressure. The forest is symbolic of the devil’s kingdom, the unconquered region where witches live and work.
John Proctor – The protagonist Hates hypocrisy, and does not like Reverend Parris. Has a secret about his personal life. He is a local farmer, living just outside Salem, and is married to Elizabeth Proctor.
Abigail Williams – The ringleader She is beautiful and a persuasive talker. Seventeen-year old former servant of the Proctor family. Manipulative and intelligent. She has a lot of influence among the girls her own age.
Elizabeth Proctor – Wife of John She is a goodwife, a common title among the settlers, similar to our use of the word Mrs. This is shortened to “Goody”. She is virtuous and loyal, but rather cold.
Reverend Parris – Salem’s Puritan minister Concerned about status and wealth rather than spirituality. Believes his daughter is possessed by the devil and seems to be very sick. Not a popular man in the community, despite being the minister.
Bible verse for The Crucible “A wicked person listens to deceitful lips; a liar pays attention to a destructive tongue. The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but the Lord tests the heart.” Proverbs 17: 3-4 (NIV)