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Regions of Latin America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Regions of Latin America. The Caribbean. Central America. South America. Amazon Basin. 40% of South America. Home to great civilizations. Maya – modern day Mexico & Guatemala. Aztec. Central Mexico. Inca. Columbia to Chile

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The Caribbean

Central America

South America

amazon basin
Amazon Basin
  • 40% of South America
home to great civilizations
Home to great civilizations

Maya – modern day Mexico & Guatemala


Central Mexico


Columbia to Chile

  • Cuzco, Peru is the oldest continuously lived-in city on the continent
  • Last ruler, Atahualpa was murdered by the Spanish in 1532
  • Mercantilism – colonies exist to enrich the “mother” country
    • Colonies can’t sell or

manufacture goods,

must buy from colonial



Latin American Revolutions

& Independence Dates


Independence Brought More Poverty

  • Power vacuums
  • No common enemy
  • Lacked experience
  • Have to rebuild everything: economy, military, political system

…with lots

of resources

bric brazil russia india china emerging markets
BRIC: (Brazil, Russia, India, China)Emerging Markets
  • Predicted GDP growth (according to Goldman Sachs)
political stability
Political Stability
  • Stable republic
  • Even brief periods of military rule ended peacefully when they handed power back to civilians
  • First female President elected in 2011
economic growth
Economic Growth
  • Mixed economy: some state regulation but more privatization since 1990s
    • Plans to privatize more industries in harbors and airports, build more railroads and solar powered subways
  • Repaid loans
  • 5thlargest country in world
  • Unemployment extremely low: 4.9%
  • Relatively low inflation: 6.2%
  • Tourism is high
  • Decreased poverty rate
  • More equal distribution of wealth
  • Expanding middle class
  • 71% of energy is from hydroelectric power
agricultural superpower
Agricultural Superpower
  • Brazil is the world's biggest exporter of beef, poultry, orange juice and sugar cane.
  • Supplies a quarter of the world's soybeans.
  • Commodities exports are strong
  • ~NPR
social stability
Social stability
  • 5th largest population in world (CIA)
  • Improving social programs (ABC CLIO)
  • Poverty rate declining (NY Times)
    • In the past 12 years, around 35 million people have exited extreme poverty – and joined the C Class (lower-middle class)
  • Improved communication
  • 6th largest labor force in the world (CIA)
  • Decreased fertility rate because women want to participate more directly in the economy
investment risk
Investment Risk
  • Political corruption
  • Poor Infrastructure
  • Huge income gap
  • Protests
  • Environmental problems: deforestation
  • GDP growth has slowed & inflation rising
  • Riot police in Brazil have struggled to disperse millions of protesters in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro who march against the cost of hosting the World Cup
return on investment roi
Return on Investment (ROI)
  • Diversified economy: manufacturing, mining, agriculture, tourism
  • Demand for commodities: coffee, oil, sugar, natural gas, lumber
  • Sustainable energy: hydroelectric
  • Consumer spending will increase
  • Continued privatization
  • Large labor force, low unemployment, large middle class
  • 7.5% GDP growth in 2011 (highest in 25 yrs)