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The Heart of Exegesis
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  1. The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  2. Goals • communication how? • ancient text how? • hermeneutics what? • Q & A

  3. Communication

  4. Communication • intended meaning from speaker • meaning receiver understands • encoded meaning in the message

  5. Clear Accurate Natural Acceptable

  6. O.T. N.T. Now 1000 B.C. 100 A.D. 2011A.D. Gaps!

  7. Individual 2011 Limits! Worldviews Language Translator Culture

  8. Problems do? • Communication collapse do? • Gaps connect how?

  9. A modern-day understanding of Scripture

  10. Exegesis: An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  11. Hermeneutics: “the theory and principles of interpretation” “correctly understanding the thought of an author and communicating that thought to others.”1 1B. Corley, S. Lemke, and G. Lovejoy, Biblical Hermeneutics: A Comprehensive Introduction to Interpreting Scripture (Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 1996), 367.

  12. Exegesis: • to explain or interpret. • to draw something out of a text.

  13. The Big Picture (Context) • literary • historical • cultural

  14. God’s Word Read Boundaries Structure Outline Grammar Setting Big Picture Step of Exegesis Get to the heart of the message

  15. God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  16. Read God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  17. Read the passage several times in various translations. Ex. Psalm 30:4-5 NKJV NASB NIV

  18. Read • note differences • Check footnotes for Greek, Hebrew, etc., variants • Ex.: a.Psalm 30:3Following Qere and Targum; Kethib, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read from those who descend to the pit. • b.Psalm 30:4Or His holiness

  19. Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  20. Boundaries • Compare format markers: • headings NASB “Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death, A Psalm. A Song at the dedication of the house of David” NKJ “Psalm. A Song at the dedication of the house of David”

  21. Boundaries • paragraphing • Note translations closest to Hebrew/Greek • Sections, paragraphs, sentences give clues about structure and relationships

  22. Boundaries • punctuation 3 You, LORD, brought me up from the realm of the dead; you spared me from going down to the pit. 9 “What is gained if I am silenced, if I go down to the pit? Will the dust praise you? Will it proclaim your faithfulness? 10 Hear, LORD, and be merciful to me; LORD, be my help.” (NIV) Semicolon- Comparison Quotes- Dialogue

  23. Structure Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  24. Structure • Make structural analysis: • follows flow of thought Phrase markers _____________________ IV4 A Sing praise to the LORD, B you His godly ones,A Andgive thanks to His holy name. 5 BForHis anger is but for a moment, BHis favor is for a lifetime; Underline connections Main phrase Sub- Ordinate phrase

  25. Structure Outline Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  26. Outline Make an outline from the structure Ps 30:4-5: 2. Invitation for corporate praise and thanksgiving (vv. 4-5) a. Call to sing and give thanks (v. 4) b. God’s anger and favor (v. 5a) c. Man’s weeping and joy (v. 5b)

  27. Grammar Structure Outline Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  28. Grammar • Note: • main verbs and modifiers (ADV, ADJ) • key words • repeated themes Ps 50:4-5: Main Verbs/Modifiers: sing/praise, give/thanks Key words: praise, thanks, anger, favor Repeated themes: LORD, his (possessive pronoun), sing praise, give thanks, the Lord’s favor

  29. Grammar • General context: • cohesive? • big idea supported?

  30. Grammar Setting Structure Outline Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  31. Setting • Again, context: • historical • cultural • text type (genre)

  32. Grammar Setting Structure Big Picture Outline Read Boundaries God’s Word The Heart of Exegesis A Grammatical-Historical Approach

  33. Big Picture • Point what? • Truth? • Faith important?

  34. The Heart of Exegesis An Historical-Grammatical Approach

  35. God’s Word

  36. In their heart language