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Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?. Can you name this city?. This is London. Here is a close-up of the top of the monument. Can you see the sculpture of an urn of fire ?. This picture shows a monument in London. It was built in memory of the Great Fire of London.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Can you name this city?

This is London

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide3

Here is a close-up of the top of the monument. Can you see the sculpture of an urn of fire?

This picture shows a monument in London. It was built in memory of the Great Fire of London.

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide4

When did the Great Fire take place?

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

1850s:

Florence Nightingale

1666:

The Great Fire of London

Nowadays

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide5

Look at these pictures. Do you know who these people are?

Can you tell what period in history they are from?

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide6

This is Charles II

Charles was King of England at the time of the Great Fire of London.

This is Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys was an MP and naval official who kept a diary which describes the events of the Great Fire of London.

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide7

How did the fire start?

The fire started during the night, in a baker’s shop on Pudding Lane

St. Paul’s Cathedral

Within three days, it had spread throughout most of the north of London

Tower of London

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide8

Why did the fire spread so quickly?

Most of the houses in London were made of wood, and had straw scattered on the floor, so they burned very easily.

Houses were built very close together, so the fire spread quickly from house to house.

There was no proper fire service, and the fire was too large for people to put it out using buckets of water.

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide9

How did the fire end?

Some houses were destroyed with gunpowder to stop the fire

Some houses were torn down to prevent the spread of the fire

The wind, which had been fanning the flames, stopped.

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide10

How was gunpowder used to stop the fire?

The fire couldn’t spread past the gap, so the houses on the other side were saved

The fire spread from house to house

Gunpowder was used to destroy houses to make a gap

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?

slide11

What were the results of the Great Fire?

6 people lost their lives.

87 churches were destroyed, including

St. Pauls cathedral.

About 13,200 houses were destroyed.

New fire brigades were set up to stop something like this happening again..

People began to take out fire insurance.

St. Paul’s cathedral was rebuilt between 1675 and 1708 by an architect called Christopher Wren

Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?