The Global Marketplace for Forest Information. History of GFIS. 1998: ICRIS Meeting (IFF country-lead initiative Indonesia/Austria) Establishment of a IUFRO Task Force 1999: Initital technical concept aiming at a GFIS prototype 2000: Establishment of IUFRO‘s Special Programme GFIS
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A federationof people and forest information resources connected through technology, expertise and interests.
12/2000Fire Atlas AfricaSource: esa ESRIN
Source: Schnabel, Department of Forest Growth, BFWWhat is in GFIS?
GFIS Providers …
DistributingWho needs GFIS?
Scientists, decision-makers, forest managers, industries, information specialists, educators, NGOs, general public
GFIS is a distributed system whereby participating organisations remain responsible for the generation and maintenance of their information content.
GFIS enables users to locate that content and, where appropriate, access it through GFIS Service Centres or from the information provider directly.
The GFIS information server is the central technical component of GFIS. It collects GFIS metadata from the Service Centres, thus enabling global searching.
The server facilitates search services, such as multi-host searching, z39.50 services, and Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). Thus, it enables global interoperability searching.
Data/Information Objects are the items that the user wants to find through metadata searching. These items have different content, spatial and temporal scales, format and other attributes specific to each object and database.
Metadata are data about data. Each metadata item is used to describe a data/information object. The GFIS metadata definition is based on the Dublin Core metadata standard.
A thesaurus is a hierarchical controlled vocabulary, meaning that the terms within the vocabulary are somehow related to each other. A multilingual forestry thesaurus contains terms that are used in the forestry domain in as many languages as the stakeholders deem appropriate.
This is an example, taken from the GEneral Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus (GEMET):
afforestationBAQ: oihaneztatze; oihantze; baso-sartzeBUL: ЗалесяванеDAN: tilplantningDUT: bosaanplantingUSA: afforestationFIN: metsitys, metsän istuttaminenFRE: boisementGER: AufforstungGRE: αναδάσωσηHUN: erdosítésITA: forestazioneNOR: skogreisningPOR: florestaçãoRUS: облесениеSLO: zalesňovanieSLV: pogozdovanjeSPA: repoblación forestalSVE: skogsodling; skogsplanteringDefinition: 1) Establishment of a new forest by seeding or planting of nonforested land. 2) The planting of trees on land which was previously used for other uses than forestry. 3) The planting of trees in an area, or the management of an area to allow trees to regenerate or colonize naturally, in order to produce a forest. (Source: MGH / WRIGHT / ALL) Broader Terms: forestry Narrower Terms: reforestation,local afforestation
In a collaborative project with major stakeholders, GFIS proposes to develop a multilingual forestry thesaurus whereby different terminologies can be linked.
A GFIS Information Provider is an institution or individual that collects and maintains forest-related information and accompanying metadata that meet the criteria of the GFIS collection policy. Providers submit metadata records through GFIS Service Centres. To be integrated to GFIS system, the metadata can be converted to GFIS-Dublin Core metadata by using GFIS conversion tool.
The GFIS Service Centre is a GFIS partner institution that collects, maintains and manages GFIS metadata submitted by information provider(s) or others. Service Centres may also collect information about information providers, organizations, events and activities within their region.
A forest plantation manager in Ghana is interested in growing an indigenous species and is seeking information on site conditions required for Milicia excelsa, commonly known as Odum, Mvule and Iroko. Milicia is considered to be the most useful timber species in Africa.