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Herpetology . Anura. Family: Pelobatidae. Parotoid gland is round No dorsolateral folds. Eastern Spadefoot. Parotoid gland round Inner toe on hind foot has horny tubercule Cranial ridges. Scaphiopus holbrookii. Family: Bufonidae. Parotoid glands are oblong No dorsolateral folds.

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family pelobatidae
Family: Pelobatidae
  • Parotoid gland is round
  • No dorsolateral folds
eastern spadefoot
Eastern Spadefoot
  • Parotoid gland round
  • Inner toe on hind foot has horny tubercule
  • Cranial ridges

Scaphiopus holbrookii

family bufonidae
Family: Bufonidae
  • Parotoid glands are oblong
  • No dorsolateral folds
difference between fowler s and american toads
Fowler’s Toad

Neck and chin have no spots

Cranial crest touches the parotoid gland

4 warts / black spots

Small warts on the tibia

Eastern American Toad

Neck and chin are spotted

Cranial crest that does not touch parotoid gland or is touching by a spur

1 –3 warts/ black spots

Large warts on tibia

Difference between Fowler’s and American Toads
eastern american toad
Eastern American Toad
  • Parotoid gland oblong
  • Cranial ridge does NOT touch parotoid gland
  • Lots of warts
  • Horny tubercle on hind foot

Bufo a. americanus

fowler s toad
Fowler’s Toad

Bufo fowleri

  • Parotoid gland is oblong
  • Cranial ridge touches the parotoid gland
  • Less warts than Eastern American Toad
family hylidae
Family: Hylidae
  • Dorsolateral folds absent
  • Parotoid glands absent
eastern cricket frog
Eastern Cricket Frog
  • Small frog
  • Parotoid gland absent
  • Smooth belly
  • Fully webbed hind feet
  • Dark triangle between eyes
  • Light warts below the anus

Acris c. crepitans

blanchard s cricket frog
Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
  • Small frog
  • Parotoid gland absent
  • Smooth belly
  • Fully webbed hind feet
  • Dark triangle between eyes
  • Light warts below the anus

Acris c. blanchardi

cope s gray treefrog
Cope’s Gray Treefrog
  • Found above the New River/ Kanawha River
  • No parotoid gland
  • Belly granulated
  • Toe disks absent
  • Thigh yellow and black pattern

Hyla chrysoscelis

gray treefrog
Gray Treefrog

Hyla versicolor

  • Found below the New River/ Kanawha River
  • No parotoid gland
  • Belly granulated
  • Well webbed feet
  • Toe disks absent
  • Thigh is black and yellow pattern
mountain chorus frog
Mountain Chorus Frog
  • No parotoid gland
  • Small frog
  • Belly granulated
  • Crescent shapes on dorsal

Pseudacris branchyphona

northern spring peeper
Northern Spring Peeper
  • Pseudacris c. crucifer
  • No parotoid gland
  • Small frog
  • Well webbed feet
  • X on back
  • Toe disks distinct/ granulated belly
upland chorus frog
Upland Chorus Frog
  • No parotoid gland
  • Small frog
  • 3 longitudinal lines on back
  • Legs shorter than the Mountain Chorus

Pseudacris f. feriarum

family ranidae
Family: Ranidae
  • No parotoid glands
  • Dorsolateral folds
american bullfrog
American Bullfrog

Rana catesbeiana

northern green frog
Northern Green Frog
  • Parotoid gland
  • Smooth Belly
  • Dorsolateral fold 2/3 to groin
  • Small irregular spots

Rana clamitans melanota

pickerel frog
Pickerel Frog
  • No parotoid gland
  • Dorsolateral groove to the groin
  • Smooth belly
  • Dorsal spots squared and close
  • Under hind legs-yellow

Rana palustris

northern leopard frog
Northern Leopard Frog

Rana pipiens

  • No parotoid gland
  • Dorsal spots circular and spread out.
wood frog
Wood Frog
  • No parotoid gland
  • Tips of toes not expanded
  • Belly smooth
  • Dorsolateral fold to groin
  • Back feet well webbed

Rana sylvatica