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The Garden of Eden

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  1. The Garden of Eden 1. Background Knowledge 2. Text Analysis 3. Exercises 4. Questions For Discussion

  2. Background Knowledge  1.   Bible: The Bible, a collection of sacred books of Judaism and Christianity, is composed of two main parts: the Old Testament(旧约)and the New Testament(新约). The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew and later it was translated into Greek and Latin. The Old Testament is traditionally divided into three parts: the Law(律法书或摩西五经), the Prophets(先知书)and the Writings(圣录). Christianity regards the Old Testament as an accurate record of God’s dealings with His people in preparation for the coming of Jesus Christ, containing much New Testament teaching at its early stage of development. More

  3. Background Knowledge The New Testament, the part of the Bible concerned with the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and his earliest followers, comprises the four GOSPELS(四福音书:马太福音、马可福音、路加福音、约翰福音), the ACTS of the APOSTLES(使徒行传), the EPISTLES(使徒书信), and the Book of REVELATION(启示录). The GOSPELS are named after Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. More

  4. Background Knowledge The Bible has exerted an incalculable influence on the thought, attitudes, beliefs, art, science, and politics of Western society. Ever since its coming into being, there have been many versions and translations of the Bible. It has now been translated into more than 1,400 languages, and millions of copies are sold every year throughout the world. More

  5. Background Knowledge The Bible is not only a sacred book, it is also important literature and a source of literary inspiration. Many great poets, writers and painters created masterpieces based on the Bible and its stories, among which are Milton’s long poems Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, and Leonardo da Vinci’s painting The Last Supper. More

  6. Background Knowledge 2.   According to Genesis, God created the world in seven days. In the beginning of creation, when God made heaven and earth, the earth floated through space in silence and darkness. God said, “Let there be light”, and there was light. God separated light from darkness. He called the light day, and the darkness night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. (picture) More

  7. Background Knowledge Then God said, “Let there be a dome between waters, to separate water from water.” God made the dome and called it Heaven. And the evening and morning were the second day. More

  8. Background Knowledge God said, “Let the waters under the heaven be gathered into one place and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. God called the dry land Earth and the gathering of the waters Seas. Then god said, “Let the land be rich with plants which bear seed, and with trees that bear flowers and fruit.” This was done. And the evening and the morning were the third day. More

  9. Background Knowledge God said, “Let there be lights in the heaven to separate day from night, and let them serve as signs both for festivals and for seasons and years.” God made the two great lights: the sun which ruled the day and the moon that ruled the night. God also made the stars. The evening and the morning were the fourth day. (picture) More

  10. Background Knowledge And God said, “Let the waters be full of fishes and sky full of birds.” God created the living creatures that moved in the waters and every kind of bird that flew above the earth. God blessed them and told them to be fruitful and increase. The evening and the morning were the fifth day. More

  11. Background Knowledge God said, “It is not enough. Let the earth also be full of creatures that creep and walk on legs.” God made the cattle, the creeping animals and the wild beasts. When this was done, God took some dust from the ground and formed an image like Himself. He gave it life, called him man and placed it at the head of all creation. So ended the labour of the sixth day. More

  12. Background Knowledge God was contented with what He had done and on the seventh day, He rested from his work. God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on that day He ended all the work He had set Himself to do. This is the story of the heaven and the earth. More

  13. Background Knowledge God placed the man he had formed in the Garden of Eden and made a woman out of the man’s rib to keep him company. Our selection describes how Adam and Eve were driven out of the Garden of Eden by God, which is a widely-known Bible story. Return

  14. Exercises 1. True/False Questions 2. Translation Return

  15. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam.   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden.   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.

  16. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam. (F)   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden.   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.

  17. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam. (F)   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T) 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden.   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.

  18. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam. (F)   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T) 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden. (T)   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.

  19. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam. (F)   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T) 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden. (T)   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever. (T)    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.

  20. True/False Questions   1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all good companions of Adam. (F)   2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T) 3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the Garden of Eden. (T)   4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever. (T)    5.The snake was punished for life for its false words. (T) Return

  21. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物

  22. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物 make the universe

  23. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物 make the universe 2.    造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他

  24. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物 make the universe 2.    造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他 make a suitable companion to help him

  25. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物 make the universe 2.    造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他 make a suitable companion to help him 3.    让各种美丽的树木生长

  26. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 1.    制造宇宙万物 make the universe 2.    造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他 make a suitable companion to help him 3.    让各种美丽的树木生长 make all kinds of beautiful trees grow

  27. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡

  28. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡 make the man fall into a deep sleep

  29. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡 make the man fall into a deep sleep 5.     我要让你和女人相互仇恨

  30. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡 make the man fall into a deep sleep 5.     我要让你和女人相互仇恨 make you and the woman hate each other

  31. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡 make the man fall into a deep sleep 5.     我要让你和女人相互仇恨 make you and the woman hate each other 6.     让大地为你生产够吃的食物

  32. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 4.     让那人熟睡 make the man fall into a deep sleep 5.     我要让你和女人相互仇恨 make you and the woman hate each other 6.     让大地为你生产够吃的食物 make it (the ground) produce enough food for you

  33. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 7.     让土地生产万物

  34. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 7.     让土地生产万物 make the soil produce anything

  35. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 7.     让土地生产万物 make the soil produce anything  8. 让他耕作土地

  36. Learn to use the word “make” by finding in the text the English equivalent of each of the following 7.     让土地生产万物 make the soil produce anything  8. 让他耕作土地 make him cultivate the soil More

  37. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 1.     那时没有人耕种土地。

  38. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 1.     那时没有人耕种土地。 There was no one to cultivate the land.

  39. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 1.     那时没有人耕种土地。 There was no one to cultivate the land. 2.    上帝在伊甸园栽种了一片园子。

  40. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 1.     那时没有人耕种土地。 There was no one to cultivate the land. 2.    上帝在伊甸园栽种了一片园子。 The Lord God planted a garden in Eden.

  41. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 3. 男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。

  42. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 3. 男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。 The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and guard it.

  43. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 3. 男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。 The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and guard it. 4. 于是上帝将他逐出伊甸园,并让他耕种他赖以生存的土地。

  44. Find in the text the English equivalent of each of the following and learn what can be planted and cultivated. 3. 男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。 The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and guard it. 4. 于是上帝将他逐出伊甸园,并让他耕种他赖以生存的土地。 So the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden and made him cultivate the soil from which he had been formed. Return

  45. Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit and were expelled by God out of the Garden of Eden, what do you think about that event? Is it a good thing or a bad thing? Return

  46. Text Analysis The Bible is a very important part of Western culture. The following is a famous story from the Bible. Read and see if you know the whole story. When the LORD God made the universe, there were no plants on the earth and no seeds had sprouted, because he had not sent any rain, and there was no one to cultivate the land; but water would come up from beneath the surface and water the ground.

  47. Text Analysis Then the LORD God took some soil from the ground and formed a man out of it; he breathed life-giving breath into his nostrils and the man began to live. Then the LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in the East, and there he put the man he had formed. He made all kinds of beautiful trees grow there and produce good fruit. In the middle of the garden stood the tree that gives life and the tree that gives knowledge of what is good and what is bad.

  48. Text Analysis Then the LORD God placed the man in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and guard it. He said to him, “You may eat the fruit of any tree in the garden, except the tree that gives knowledge of what is good and what is bad. You must not eat the fruit of that tree; if you do, you will die the same day.”

  49. Text Analysis Then the LORD God said, “It is not good for the man to live alone. I will make a suitablecompanion to help him.” So he took some soil from the ground and formed all the animals and all the birds. Then he brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and that is how they all got their names. So the man named all the birds and all the animals; but not one of them was a suitable companion to help him.

  50. Text Analysis Then the LORD God made the man fall into a deep sleep, and while he was sleeping, he took out one of the man’s ribs and closed up the flesh. He formed a woman out of the rib and brought her to him. Then the man said, “At last, here is one of my own kind— Bone taken from my bone, and flesh from my flesh. ‘Woman’ is her name because she was taken out of man.”