GeoPolotics. GEOPOLITICS – the basics. Geopolitics examines the political, environmental, social, environmental and economic interactions within and between countries.
Geopolitics is a term used to refer to “great power rivalries and the geographical dimensions of global political power”
Simon Dalby – Ottawa University
In pairs use the Ipads or your own computer to find a recent geopolitical conflict event (in last year) in a news article and briefly outline the following:
A political entity, institutional structure or organization.
Must be “Sovereign” (have ability to make own decisions )
Other attributes can include:
There are currently 206 declared states around the world
The word nation is derived from the latin word natio meaning “of birth”
Traditionally Nation was used to characterize people who shared a common geographic origin
In today’s more modern, complex society is most accurately defined as:
A large group of people who are aware of, and share, one or more cultural feature such as; language, ethnicity, historical experience, identification with a homeland, customs, values, and religion.
Nations my not be confined to political boundaries
Members of the nation view themselves as belonging to a distinct group regardless of location
Can be thought of as a “imagined political community” as it exists in the minds of its members. Examples include: Kurds, Tibet, Tamils
Nation - State:
Essentially when you are able to ‘wrap” a state around a nation….
Often misused as a synonym for “country”
There are over 1400 “nationalities” in the world and only 206 states…
Can Canada be considered a true “nation-state’?
Several nation stated where
created during the break up of the
USSR examples include:
Major wars, 1,000+ deaths per year
Minor skirmishes and conflicts, fewer than 1000 deaths per year
THE UN Explained
Intervention: the act of interfering or mediating , especially by one state in the affairs of another. Two main forms: Military and Humanitarian
Military : a single of multiple group of nations threatening to use military force or coercsion to alter an existing conflict where political or civil rights are being violated.
Humanitarian: can be used with military intervention.
Intended to protect civilians from human rights violations
International government organizations
UN Charter law article 2(4) prohibits “the threat or use of force against another state”
In the 2000s, Western powers undertook military interventions in three countries:
In all three cases, military interference was executed in a form not authorized by the UN Security Council.
Classification Symbolization Dehumanization Organization Polarization Preparation Extermination Denial
The Responsibility to Protect has three "pillars”: