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We will determine 1 a theme through details in the text.

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  1. Name Learning Objective We will determine1 a theme through details in the text. CFU What are we going to do? What does determine mean? Determine means __________. Activate Prior Knowledge Theme refers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. Three Little Pigs 1. Two pigs were lazy and quickly built their houses out of straw and sticks. 2. A third little pig worked hard and built his house with bricks. 3. A big bad wolf wanted to eat the pigs and blew the straw and stick houses down in minutes. 4. The big bad wolf tried for hours to blow the brick house down, but couldn’t. The theme of Three Little Pigs is “hard work now pays off later.” Why do we know this is the theme? (Pair-Share) Make Connection Students, you already know how to determine a theme of a story. We infer the theme through details in the text. Now, we will determine a theme through details in the text. 1 figure out Vocabulary

  2. Concept Development • Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated2. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. Theme: “Hard work now pays off later” The Ants and the Crickets retold 1. When the summer sun beat down on the ants, the crickets stood in the shade playing. 2. “Why are you working so hard?” the crickets asked the ants. 3.“Come play with us!”4. The ants, however, were focused on their task. 5. “We cannot play,” the ants replied. 6. “When the weather turns cold, there will be nothing to eat.” 7. The ants continued working. 8. When winter arrived, the crickets could not find food anywhere. 9. They went to the ants for help. 10. “Please share food with us. 11. We are starving!” they cried. 12. “What were you doing throughout the summer, while we were working?” said the ants. 96 words NOT Examples of Theme: Topics such as: “honesty,” “loyalty,” “jealousy,” or “greed” CFU Why is greed not an example of theme? Which of the following sentences could be a theme in a text? How do you know? A Love conquers all. B Love Vocabulary 2 (directly stated) written word for word

  3. Skill Development/Guided Practice • Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. Determine a theme through details in the text. Read the text. Identify3 details in the text that suggest the theme. (underline) Determine the theme. (answer) 1 a 2 adapted from Little Women Lousia May Alcott Chapter 1 1. "It's so dreadful4 to be poor!" sighed Meg, looking down at her old dress. 2. "I don't think it's fair for some girls to have plenty of pretty things, and other girls nothing at all," added little Amy,  with an injured sniff. 3. "We've got Father and Mother, and each other," said Bethcontentedly from her corner. 4. Nobody spoke for a minute; then Meg said in an altered tone,  5. “You know the reason Mother proposed not having any presents thisChristmas was because it is going to be a hard winter for everyone;and she thinks we ought not to spend money for pleasure, when our men are suffering so in the army.” 6. “We can't do much, but we canmake our little sacrifices, and ought to do it gladly. 7. But I am afraid I don't." 8. And Meg shook her head, as she thought regretfully of all the pretty things she wanted. 150 words Application Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A It’s better to make yourself happy and not sacrifice. B Being poor leads to unhappiness. C It is important to sacrifice to help others. What does Meg think about making sacrifices? Give details from the text to support your answer. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ How did I/you identify details in the text that suggest the theme? How did I/you determine the theme? CFU 3 find (synonym) 4 awful (synonym) Vocabulary 1a 2

  4. Skill Development/Guided Practice (continued) • Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. (continued) Little Women 1. Jo immediately sat up, put her hands in her pockets, and began to whistle. 2. “Don't, Jo. 3. It's so boyish!” said Amy. 4. “That's why I do it.” 5. “…I detest rude, unladylike girls! 6. You are old enough to leave off boyish tricks, and to behave better, Josephine. 7. It didn't matter so much when you were a little girl, but now you are so tall, and turn up your hair, you should remember that you are a young lady.” 8. “I'm not! 9. I hate to think I've got to grow up, and be Miss March, and wear long gowns, and look as prim6!” cried Jo. 10. “…It's bad enough to be a girl, anyway, when I like boy's games and work and manners! 11. I can't get over my disappointment in not being a boy. 12. And it's worse than ever now, for I'm dying to go and fight with Papa. 13. And I can only stay home and knit, like a boring old woman! 14. “Poor Jo! 15. It's too bad, but it can't be helped. 16. So you must try to be contented with making your name boyish, and playing brother to us girls,” said Beth. 183 words Determine a theme through details in the text. Read the text. Identify details in the text that suggest the theme. (underline) Determine the theme. (answer) 1 a 2  Context: Little Women was written between 1868–1869. During this time, opportunities for women were limited.  Women were expected to not have opinions and be submissive5. Application Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A Being lady-like is the best way to be. B Live your life according to what is expected. C Don’t give into social expectations; be yourself. What does Jo think about her behavior? Give details from the text to support your answer. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ CFU How did I/you identify details in the text that suggest the theme? How did I/you determine the theme? 5 always willing to obey 6 very careful how you speak and behave Vocabulary 1a 2

  5. Relevance • Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. Determining a theme through details in text will help you understand new ways of thinking and behaving. 1 Theme: It is important to sacrifice to help others. Result: You may give up playtime to do volunteer work. Sample Test Question: 11. Which of these is a theme in this story? A Good things come to those who wait. B Just take one. C Sarah does not share. D Sharing is always best. Determining a theme through details in text will help you do well on tests. 2 Does anyone else have another reason why it is relevant to determine a theme through details in text? (Pair-Share) Why is it relevant to a theme through details in text? You may give one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why? CFU

  6. Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. Skill Closure Determine a theme through details in the text. Read the text. Identify3 details in the text that suggest the theme. (underline) Determine the theme. (answer) 1 a 2  Aiden and Madison 1. Aiden liked Madison more than any other girl in the school, but he didn’t know how to tell her. 2. When she walked ahead of him in line, he kicked at her shoe. 3. When she passed him on the school yard, he called her “dork Madison.” 4. He even wrote a mean word on her homework during the bus ride to school. 5. But what puzzled Madison the most was receiving an invitation to Aiden’s birthday party. 6. Figuring that he was just planning a mean trick on her, Madison decided not to go, and while Aiden eagerly awaited Madison’s arrival, Madison talked on the phone to Jacob. 7. When Aiden finally realized that Madison was not coming to his party, he was crushed. 119 words Word Bank message details infer suggest Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A Friendship is an important bond. B Friends aren’t mean to each other. C When you’re cruel, you achieve great things. Access Common Core What details from the text help you determine the theme in the above text? Explain. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Summary Closure What did you learn today about determining a theme through details in the text? (Pair-Share) Use words from the word bank. Day 1 ____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Day 2 ____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

  7. Name Independent Practice • Themerefers to a message about life or human natureexpressed in literature. • Theme is not directly stated. Readers must use details from the text to inferthe theme. • Details from the text include characters’ actionsand the plot. Determine a theme through details in the text. Read the text. Identify details in the text that suggest the theme. (underline) Determine the theme. (answer) 1 a 2 adapted from Wizard Of Oz L. Frank Baum 1. “I don't know enough," replied the Scarecrow cheerfully. 2. "My head is stuffed with straw, you know, and that is why I am going to Oz to ask him for some brains." 3. "You see," he continued confidentially, "I don't mind my legs and arms and body being stuffed, because I cannot get hurt. 4. If anyone treads on my toes or sticks a pin into me, it doesn't matter, for I can't feel it. 5. But I do not want people to call me a fool, and if my head stays stuffed with straw instead of with brains, as yours is, how am I ever to know anything?" 8. But the Scarecrow said, "We cannot fly, that is certain. 9. Neither can we climb down into this great ditch. 10. Therefore, if we cannot jump over it, we must stop where we are." 11. "I think I could jump over it," said the Cowardly Lion. 12. "Then we are all right," answered the Scarecrow, "for you can carry us all over one at a time." 13. "Well, I'll try it," said the Lion. 14. "Who will go first?" 15. "I will," declared the Scarecrow, “for, if you found that you could not jump over the gulf, Dorothy would be killed, or the Tin Woodman badly dented on the rocks below.” 225 words several hours later 6. What shall we do?" asked Dorothy . 7. "I haven't the faintest idea," said the Tin Woodman. Application Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A You are capable of more than you believe. B Smart people think they’re dumb. C There will always be time to get things done. How does the scarecrow show he is capable? Give details from the text to support your answer. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  8. Name Periodic Review 1 adapted from The City Mouse Aesop Once a little mouse who lived in the country invited a little mouse from the city to visit him. The City Mouse sat down to dinner; he was surprised to find that the Country Mouse had nothing to eat except barley and grain. "Really," he said, "you do not live well at all; you should see how I live! I have all sorts of fine things to eat every day. You must come to visit me and see how nice it is to live in the city." The little Country Mouse was glad to do this, and he went to the city to visit his friend. The very first place that the City Mouse took the Country Mouse was the kitchen cupboard of the house where he lived. There, on the lowest shelf, stood a big paper bag of brown sugar. The little City Mouse gnawed a hole in the bag and invited his friend to nibble for himself. The two little mice nibbled and nibbled and the Country Mouse thought he had never tasted anything so delicious in his life. He was just thinking how lucky the City Mouse was, when suddenly the door opened with a bang. “Run!" whispered the City Mouse. The little Country Mouse was shaking all over when they got safely away, but the little City Mouse said, "That is nothing; she will soon go away and then we can go back." "This is very terrible," said the Country Mouse; "let’s not go back to the cupboard again." "No," said the City Mouse, "I’ll take you to the cellar; there is something special there." The City Mouse took his little friend down the cellar stairs. They ran along the shelf and nibbled at a cheese here, and a bit of butter there, until Country Mouse saw an especially rich, very delicious-smelling piece of cheese on a little stand in a corner. He was just on the point of putting his teeth into the cheese when the City Mouse saw him. "Stop! Stop!" cried the City Mouse. "That is a trap!" The little Country Mouse stopped and said, "What is a trap?" "That thing is a trap," said the little City Mouse. "The minute you touch the cheese, it comes down on your head hard, and you're dead." The little Country Mouse looked at the trap, he looked at the cheese, and he looked at the little City Mouse. "If you'll excuse me," he said, "I think I will go home. I'd rather have barley and grain to eat and eat it in peace and comfort, than have brown sugar and cheese,—and be frightened all the time." Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question. Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A Cities are better than country towns. B Be thankful for what you have; the grass is not always greener on the other side. C When you work hard, you can accomplish great things. Application How does Country Mouse come to appreciate his life? Give details from the text to support your answer. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

  9. Name Access Common Core Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? Choose Yes or No to indicate whether each detail from The City Mouse suggests the theme. A Once a little mouse who lived in the country invited a little mouse from the city to visit him. B The City Mouse sat down to dinner; he was surprised to find that the Country Mouse had nothing to eat except barley and grain. C "This is very terrible," said the Country Mouse; "let’s not go back to the cupboard again." D The very first place that the City Mouse took the Country Mouse was the kitchen cupboard of the house where he lived. E The City Mouse took his little friend down the cellar stairs. F "I think I will go home. I'd rather have barley and grain to eat and eat it in peace and comfort, than have brown sugar and cheese,—and be frightened all the time." O Yes O No O Yes O No O Yes O No O Yes O No O Yes O No O Yes O No Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question.

  10. Name Periodic Review 2 adapted from Beauty and the Beast 1. Once upon a time as a merchant set off for market, he asked each of his three daughters what she would like as a present on his return. 2. Beauty, the youngest, prettiest, and sweetest of them all, said to her father:    "All I'd like is a rose you've picked specially for me!"    3. When the merchant had finished his business, he set off for home. 4. Remembering his promise to Beauty, he bent down to pick a rose. Instantly, out of the rose garden, sprang a horrible beast, wearing splendid clothes. 5. Two bloodshot eyes, gleaming angrily, glared at him and a deep, terrifying voice growled: “Theft of my favorite flowers! I shall put you to death for this slight!" 6. Trembling with fear, the merchant fell on his knees before the Beast.  7. "Forgive me! 8. Don't kill me! 9. I'll do anything you say! 10. The rose wasn't for me, it was for my daughter Beauty. 11. I promised to bring her back a rose from my journey!" 12. The Beast dropped the paw it had clamped on the unhappy merchant.  13. "I shall spare your life, but on one condition, that you bring me your daughter!" 14. The terror-stricken merchant, faced with certain death if he did not obey, promised that he would do so. 15. When he reached home in tears, Beauty put his mind at rest immediately. 16. "Dear father, I'd do anything for you! 17. Don't worry, you'll be able to keep your promise and save your life! 18. So Beauty was led to the castle. 19. The Beast, however, had quite an unexpected greeting for the girl. 20. Instead of menacing doom as it had done with her father, it was surprisingly pleasant.  21. In the beginning, Beauty was frightened of the Beast, and shuddered at the sight of it. 22. Then she found that, in spite of the monster's awful head, her horror of it was gradually fading as time went by. 23. She had one of the finest rooms in the Castle, and sat for hours, embroidering in front of the fire. 24. And the Beast would sit, for hours on end, only a short distance away, silently gazing at her. 25. Then it started to say a few kind words, till in the end, Beauty was amazed to discover that she was actually enjoying its conversation. 26. The days passed, and Beauty and the Beast became good friends. 384 words Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question. Application Which sentence would best be the theme of the text? A Help your family. B Be kind to strangers. C Good friends can be found where you least expect it. How does Beauty’s opinion of the Beast change? Give details from the text to support your answer. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  11. Name Access Common Core Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? Use textual evidence to support the determined theme.  Theme: Superficial1 friends may not help you in times of need. “The Hare2 With Many Friends?” 1. A Hare was very popular with the other animals who all claimed to be her friends.  2. But one day she heard the hounds3 approaching and hoped to escape them by the aid of her many friends.  3. So, she went to the horse, and asked him to carry her away from the hounds on his back.  But he declined, stating that he had important work to do for his master.  4. “He felt sure,” he said, “that all her other friends would come to her assistance.”  5. She then asked to the bull, and hoped that he would repel4 the hounds with his horns. 6. The bull replied: “I am very sorry, but I have an appointment with a lady; but I feel sure that our friend the goat will do what you want.” 7. The goat, however, feared that his back might do her some harm if he took her upon it.  8. So she went to the ram and told him the situation.  9. The ram replied: “Another time, my dear friend. 10. The Hare’s last hope, the calf, said he was unable to help her, as he did not want the responsibility, especially because so many others had declined.  11. By this time, the hounds had caught the Hare, and ate her.  206 words Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 only on the surface 2 type of rabbit 3 breed of dog often used for hunting 4 hold off Vocabulary

  12. Name Periodic Review 3 Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? Suggested Reading: Little Women by Lousia May Alcott A Wrinkle in Time  by Madeleine L'Engle Diary of a Wimpy Kid by Jeff Kinney • Summarize: Write a brief overview of the text. List significant events that occur. • Answer: • What is the story’s theme? Use details from the text to support your answer. • Did the story connect to your own life? Other stories? Others characters? • If yes, how? Access Common Core Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question. Read the story titles and descriptions below. Then, decide which themes best fit the stories. A Courage: “Face your fears and you can defeat them.” B Happiness: “There’s no such thing as perfect. Perfect comes at a price.” C Perseverance: “Never give up.” The Giver - Jonas's world is perfect. Everything is under control. There is no war or fear or pain. To have this perfect world, the memories of their society’s collective experiences were given up. Not only did this allow them to forget all of the pain that had been suffered throughout human history, it also prevented members of the society from wanting to engage in activities and relationships that could result in conflict and suffering. Every person is assigned a role in the Community. When Jonas turns twelve, he is singled out to receive special training from The Giver. The Giver alone holds the memories of the true pain and pleasure of life. Now, it is time for Jonas to receive the truth.  Hatchet – Brian is a 13- year-old boy traveling in a small airplane to Canada to spend the summer with his father. After the pilot dies of a heart attack, Brian is involved in a plane crash in an uninhabited part of the Canadian woods. Brian then must find a way to survive, and in the process, discovers much about himself. Brian learns to solve problems that would potentially be life-threatening. He calls upon his intelligence and memory to overcome challenges, such as creating fire, building shelter, and finding food.

  13. Exploring Theme with Different Media Solving Math Problems 1 What am I trying to find? 2 What do I know about this idea? 3 What amounts do I know? 4 Solve the problem or answer the question. 5 Did I answer all parts of the question? 6.RL.7 Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. After reading the text, have students view one of the film adaptations below, comparing and contrasting how the theme is presented in each version of the story. Film Adaptations Little Women (1994) A Wrinkle in Time (2003) Diary of a Wimpy Kid (2010) Answering ELA Questions 1 Determine what the question or prompt is asking. 2 Determine the ELA concept required. 3 Read the text to determine relevant information. 4 Answer the question. 5 Re-read the directions to determine if you answered all parts of the question.

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