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Message in a Bottle: Broadening Views About Reuse. Geoffrey D. Glenn, Danielle L. Mecham City of Spokane Regional Waste System . Recycling. City of Spokane curbside collections 65,000+ residential customers Follow daily refuse collections Regional Recycling Facilities

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message in a bottle broadening views about reuse

Message in a Bottle: Broadening Views About Reuse

Geoffrey D. Glenn, Danielle L. Mecham

City of Spokane

Regional Waste System

recycling
Recycling
  • City of Spokane curbside collections
    • 65,000+ residential customers
    • Follow daily refuse collections
  • Regional Recycling Facilities
    • 3 fixed facilities
    • Serves Spokane County population
    • Self-service
glass collection
Glass Collection
  • Average City curbside collections
    • 4,100 tons yearly
  • Average Regional Transfer Station collection
    • 458 tons yearly
glass as a problem
Glass as a Problem
  • Changing markets
    • 2008
  • Processing/Disposition
    • Costs for processing
    • Limited alternatives
    • Recycling and disposal
response
Response
  • Transported to local facility
  • Aggregate
  • Additional alternatives
    • Recycling
    • Re-use
    • Pilots
glass production
Glass Production
  • Material tested:
    • Aggregate in road construction (~15%)
    • Identified other uses
  • Aggregate
    • 2009
      • 3,000 tons aggregate (5/8 minus screened glass)
    • 2011
      • 2,500 tons aggregate (5/8 minus screened glass)
      • 500 ton mulch (5/8 minus to 3/8 minus)
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Alternatives
    • Dry Well Medium
    • Pipe Bedding
    • Fishery/Hatchery
    • Traction Sand
    • Decorative Sand
    • Landscaping Amendment
    • Concrete Additive
    • Fireplace Glass
alternatives1
Alternatives
  • Viable options
    • Landscape mulch
    • Fishtank bedding
    • Traction sand
  • Prohibitive
    • Costs
    • Interest
    • Production
    • Inputs
issues
Issues
  • Culture
  • Engineer
  • Cost to amend existing base
  • Production prohibitive
projects
Projects
  • Xeriscape Display Garden
  • On Track Academy
problem area waste to energy
Problem Area – Waste to Energy
  • Area adjacent to HHW
    • Safety
    • Fire code
  • Maintenance costs
  • Water conservation
  • Aesthetics
  • Customer perception
wsu xeriscape project
WSU Xeriscape Project
  • Regional System glass pilot
    • Review technologies and methods
    • Safety issues
    • Problematic area
  • Washington State University Landscape Architecture Program
    • Landscape Architecture Interns
xeriscape ideology
Xeriscape Ideology
  • Term coined in Colorado
  • Focuses on native plants
  • Dry regions
  • Water conservation
  • Use of recycled materials
  • Growing in popularity
xeriscape ideology1
Xeriscape Ideology
  • Native plants used
    • Adapted for region
    • Requires less maintenance and water
xeriscape ideology2
Xeriscape Ideology
  • Use of recycled materials
    • Glass
    • Shower doors
    • Concrete sidewalk & curbing
    • Brick
    • Man hole ring
  • Lower environmental impact
    • Extended life span
    • Diversion
design themes
Design Themes
  • Glass
    • End of life cycle
    • Sustainability
    • Problem becomes solution
on track academy
On Track Academy
  • Alternative high school
    • Novel approaches to learning
    • Elective enrollment
  • Edible Schoolyard project
    • Environmental studies class
    • Student run
    • Goal: Farm-to-Table aims
on track academy1
On Track Academy
  • Need for glass
    • Garden space filler
    • Seeking local alternatives
  • Community involvement
    • Student tour and Q&A
    • Provide resources and expertise
project successes
Project Successes
  • Community involvement
  • City government
  • University students and graduates
  • At-risk students
  • Local artists
  • Local contractors
  • Innovation
  • Re-use of materials
where do we go from here
Where Do We Go From Here?
  • Good press
    • Educating the public
  • Established contracts with vendors
    • e-Cullet
  • Feed stock for local mulch production
    • Potential for use in highly visual city locations
  • Local interest
    • Aggregate producers, architects, and landscapers