The Waves of Motivation. Maslow: The history of psychology as three waves or forces. Basic idea in motivation. Assume a cause for every behavior. Some caused by biological needs Food and water necessary for survival Even basic needs can be modified by learning. Taste aversion conditioning.
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Maslow: The history of psychology as three waves or forces.
Developed psychology as science.
Importance of extrinsic motivation.
Can control behavior with rewards and punishments.
Humans not blank slates or robots.
Brains have special abilities.
Motivated by internal thoughts and emotions
Need to understand intrinsic motivation.First wave
Dark side of human nature.
Expect the worse in human behavior.
No role for spirituality.Second Wave
Optimistic view of humankind.
Pyramid of needs
Philosophy rather than psychology.
Need evidence to support beliefs.
Practical applications.Third Wave