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Introduction. Essential Question #2. How do visibility, accessibility and distractibility affect classroom layout?. Group by grade. Facilitator: Shortest in height Recorder: Longest fingers

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essential question 2
Essential Question #2
  • How do visibility, accessibility and distractibility affect classroom layout?
group by grade
Group by grade
  • Facilitator: Shortest in height
  • Recorder: Longest fingers
  • Communicator: Birthday closest to today
  • Cheerleader: Loudest voice
for each of the 5 functions of the classroom
For each of the 5 functions of the classroom…
  • Discuss in your small group.
  • Remember your roles.
  • I will ask a group to share their responses on Doc Cam, so write down your brainstormed list.
physical environment
Physical Environment

The six functions of the classroom setting:

  • Security and shelter
  • Social contact
  • Symbolic identification
  • Task instrumentality
  • Pleasure
  • Growth
1 security and shelter
#1 Security and Shelter
  • How do you make your classroom inviting?
  • How do you make it accessible to students with disabilities?
  • How do you create “softness” and comfort?
2 social contact
#2 Social Contact
  • When are rows appropriate? Inappropriate?
  • When are clusters of desks appropriate?
  • When are the best times to use Whole Class Discussions? Worst times?
  • Where is the best place for the teacher during instruction?
3 symbolic identification
#3 Symbolic Identification
  • Discuss bulletin boards. How do you plan to use them?
  • How might you use student photos?
  • How might you display student work?
4 task instrumentality
#4 Task Instrumentality
  • How do you make your instruction visible and accessible for all?
  • Where will you store folders, projects, teaching artifacts?
5 pleasure
#5 Pleasure
  • How can you make your room inviting?
  • How can you make your room a fun place to learn?
6 growth
#6 Growth
  • This refers to children’s cognitive development and academic achievement
  • How do you arrange classroom to invite children into the learning experience
  • To explore, observe, investigate, test and discover
desk arrangement discuss
Desk Arrangement-Discuss
  • What is the ideal way to arrange desks for instruction?

Basic design

Benefits? Problems?


Small groups

Benefits? Problems?


Large Groups:

Benefits? Problems?

classroom set up guidelines summarizing points of vad
Classroom Set-up Guidelines:Summarizing Points of VAD
  • Visibility –
  • Accessibility
  • Distractibility
  • A lack of equal visibility of instructional areas and displays erodes student motivation and accountability.
  • The teacher must be able to see all students at all times, whether he or she is instructing the whole class, small groups, or individuals.
  • All students must be able to clearly see all instructional areas and displays.
  • Congestion increases the potential for problems.
  • You must be able to move easily to any student, especially those who most frequently need help.
  • You must be able to easily access needed materials.
  • Students must be able to easily access needed materials.
  • Objects, animals, and other students compete with you and academic materials for student attention.
  • Seat students away from obvious distracters – e.g, windows overlooking the campus, pencil sharpener, wastebasket, active animals, computer station, etc.
  • Separate, and seat away from one another, students who often interact inappropriately.
in groups
In groups…
  • Complete the VAD activity.
  • (Give specific instructions here)