Ten writing instructional strategies every teacher should know
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Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know. Douglas Fisher San Diego State University [email protected] Language Experience Approach. Students are active language users Teacher transcribes students’ words (whole class, small group, or individual)

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Language experience approach l.jpg
Language Experience Approach Know

  • Students are active language users

  • Teacher transcribes students’

    words (whole class,

    small group, or


  • Students extend


Interactive writing l.jpg
Interactive Writing Know

  • Oral Language

  • Composition &


  • “Sharing the pen”

    students write

    in front of their


Writing models l.jpg
Writing Models Know

  • Offers a pattern or

    form to scaffold


  • Using existing text

    students insert

    original writing

Generative or given word sentences l.jpg
Generative or “Given Word” Sentences Know

  • Focus on the craft of writing

  • Lessons to refine


  • Use student

    examples for


  • “No excuse”

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Word Pyramids Know

  • Requires students to consider lots of words

  • Explores and expands word knowledge

  • Dictionary use?

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Power Writing Know

  • Brief, timed writing events to improve


  • Students chart their

    own progress

  • Extension -



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Found Poems Know

  • Student use existing text

  • Select specific words/phrases

  • Arrange them in free-verse

  • Requires re-reading

    of texts

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RAFT Writing Know

  • Role, Audience, Format,

    and Topic are

    explicitly taught

  • Perspective taking

    is the focus

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Writing to Learn Know

  • What do students know and think?

  • Brief prompts

    • Yesterday’s news – a review of class from the previous day

    • Crystal ball – a prediction of what might come next

    • Best thing I learned – a summary or analysis of the best part of class

    • Exit slip – a written review of the class completed before leaving the room

  • Not process papers

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Independent Writing Know

  • Based on a prompt, students produce original writing

  • Multiple genres

  • Rubrics guide



    of the task

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Interactions: KnowWriting and the Language Arts

  • Read aloud or shared reading

  • Independent reading

  • Word study (word wall)

  • Collaborative learning


  • Individual and small

    group instruction