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Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know. Douglas Fisher San Diego State University dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu. Language Experience Approach. Students are active language users Teacher transcribes students’ words (whole class, small group, or individual)

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ten writing instructional strategies every teacher should know

Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know

Douglas Fisher

San Diego State University

dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu

language experience approach
Language Experience Approach
  • Students are active language users
  • Teacher transcribes students’

words (whole class,

small group, or

individual)

  • Students extend

text

interactive writing
Interactive Writing
  • Oral Language
  • Composition &

Construction

  • “Sharing the pen”

students write

in front of their

peers

writing models
Writing Models
  • Offers a pattern or

form to scaffold

writing

  • Using existing text

students insert

original writing

generative or given word sentences
Generative or “Given Word” Sentences
  • Focus on the craft of writing
  • Lessons to refine

practice

  • Use student

examples for

editing

  • “No excuse”
word pyramids
Word Pyramids
  • Requires students to consider lots of words
  • Explores and expands word knowledge
  • Dictionary use?
power writing
Power Writing
  • Brief, timed writing events to improve

fluency

  • Students chart their

own progress

  • Extension -

progressive

writing

found poems
Found Poems
  • Student use existing text
  • Select specific words/phrases
  • Arrange them in free-verse
  • Requires re-reading

of texts

raft writing
RAFT Writing
  • Role, Audience, Format,

and Topic are

explicitly taught

  • Perspective taking

is the focus

writing to learn
Writing to Learn
  • What do students know and think?
  • Brief prompts
    • Yesterday’s news – a review of class from the previous day
    • Crystal ball – a prediction of what might come next
    • Best thing I learned – a summary or analysis of the best part of class
    • Exit slip – a written review of the class completed before leaving the room
  • Not process papers
independent writing
Independent Writing
  • Based on a prompt, students produce original writing
  • Multiple genres
  • Rubrics guide

students’

completion

of the task

interactions writing and the language arts
Interactions: Writing and the Language Arts
  • Read aloud or shared reading
  • Independent reading
  • Word study (word wall)
  • Collaborative learning

centers

  • Individual and small

group instruction