integrating immunization and family planning services the polomolok experience in the philippines n.
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Integrating Immunization and Family Planning Services: the Polomolok Experience in the Philippines. Strengthening Governance for Health Project (HealthGov) June 2011. Acronyms. LGU: Local Government Unit FP: Family Planning EPI: Expanded Program on Immunization

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Strengthening Governance for Health Project (HealthGov) June 2011


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    1. Integrating Immunization and Family Planning Services: the Polomolok Experience in the Philippines Strengthening Governance for Health Project (HealthGov) June 2011

    2. Acronyms • LGU: Local Government Unit • FP: Family Planning • EPI: Expanded Program on Immunization • MCH: Maternal and Child Health • RHU: Rural Health Unit • BHS: Barangay Health Stations • DMPA: Depo medroxyprogesterone acetate injection • IUD: Intrauterine Device • BTL: Bilateral Tubal Ligation • LAM: Lactational Amenorrhea Method

    3. Millennium Development Goals • Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates • Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate • Children’s immunization • Goal 5: Improve maternal health • Target: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health • Contraceptive prevalence rate • Adolescent birth rate • Unmet need for family planning

    4. Why integrate Immunization and Family Planning in Philippines? • 90% of women within first year after delivery want to space or limit pregnancy, high unmet need for FP • Multiple contacts with mothers at service delivery point: 4-5 visits over newborn’s first 11 months • High access and awareness of EPI services - at least 85% children fully immunized • Immunizations and FP provided by trained midwives: on different days and times (referrals made)

    5. Polomolok Municipality, Province of South Cotabato (Mindanao) Philippines Map

    6. Implementation • 10 month pilot test in one local government unit (LGU): Polomolok Municipality • 1 Rural Health Unit (RHU -- municipal health center) & 28 Barangay Health Stations (BHS) involved • Began integration with 1-day orientation of all medical personnel – explained purpose, approach & key messages • Developed map of facilities and FP and MCH service providers • Pre-tested 3 verbal messages (translated in local dialect)

    7. Messages: • “Your child is young & you should be concerned about having another pregnancy” • “Your health facility provides FP services that can help you” • “You should visit our FP services after your immunization today for more information” • Trained 25 rural health midwives (RHMs-based in BHS), 56 barangay health workers (BHWs), 2 RHU nurses and 1 doctor in FP messages • Study did not collect special immunization data but data available from routine reporting to government

    8. Baseline & end-line survey questionnaire was developed to measure changes in women’s knowledge, attitudes & practices (KAP) • Data collected on new FP acceptors, method mix & CPR (from same monthly period during 2008 and 2009) • KAP survey administered in 28 BHS – randomly selected mothers bringing children in for immunizations were surveyed (baseline: n=269; end-line: n=183)

    9. BHW—administered survey, registered children for immunization & delivered messages • RHM – administered immunization & delivered same messages • “Innovations” in Poblacion-4 BHS: Stapled 3 FP messages to immunization records & posted messages in entry way

    10. Key Findings 38% increase in New FP acceptors after 10 months, Polomolok Municipality (March-December, 2008 vs 2009)

    11. CPR Increased by 6 percentage points Source: FHSIS

    12. Shift in Method Preference Higher preference for modern methods, lower preference for traditional methods after six months (June 2009 vs Dec. 2009, Polomolok)

    13. Health centers are increasingly important as primary source of FP information (among FP users) (June 2009 vs December 2009, Polomolok)

    14. 126% increase in new FP acceptors over 3 months in Poblacion-4 BHS (written FP messages & posters provided in addition to oral messages) (March-June, 2008 vs 2009)

    15. Immunization Data(Polomolok Municipality—source: FHSIS) • No adverse impact on children’s immunization • Fully Immunized Child (FIC) coverage rates • 2008: 96% • 2009: 99%

    16. Potential Best Practices & Processes Needed for Effective Integration • Local ownership and support (from local government and health officials) • Posted and take-home written messages along with verbal messages • Client follow-up to prevent FP drop outs • Assuring the availability of FP commodities to meet increased demand • Ongoing performance monitoring (at facility & LGU levels)

    17. Potential Barriers to Integration • Lack of local political (elected) & technical (health officials) support • Lack of contraceptive and immunization supplies • Lack of trained providers (in both services) • Social, linguistic norms that pose barriers in some communities to accessing services (e.g. indigenous populations)

    18. Priority Next Steps • Measure impact of FP integration with other MCH services: postpartum care, vit A supplem. • Tracking availability of FP commodities and services (since creating demand) • Implementing Data Quality Control trainings for project staff to assure data reliability • Study outcomes will determine methodologies to scale up integration interventions