The Essay: Structure and Development. NEC FACET Center. Doing so, helps you and your reader stay on track . . When writing an essay, you will always follow a structure. Why?. Introduction. Begins your essay. Body Paragraphs. Relay your main points. Conclusion. Ends your essay.
Structure and Development
NEC FACET Center
1-2 general sentences about broad subject area to be discussed
1-2 specific sentences about
the subject area
1-3 general sentences
leading into topic
Inflation has raised the price of groceries to an all-time high. Many are forced to cut corners to stay within the family’s food budget. One way to cut expenses is with a backyard garden. The three most important steps in making a garden are planning, planting, and tending.
Inflation has raised the price of groceries to an all time high. A few years ago, a head of lettuce cost 99 cents, but today even a small head is usually at least $1.50. Such increases force the homemaker to cut corners to stay within the family’s food budget. One way to reduce
grocery expenses--and to get pleasure and exercise at the same time--is with the backyard garden. Even the beginner or the true city slicker can grow tomatoes, onions, or salad herbs. Although some research into soil types and fertilizer helps, no extensive knowledge is necessary. If one plans carefully, the hard work of planting and tending will be worth the effort.
The new factory in town violates current pollution control regulations by emitting hazardous gases, dumping waste into Swallow Creek, and failing to provide protective clothing to employees.
“In the following paragraphs, I will show . . . .”
The thesis must cover the full subject of an essay--just as an umbrella must cover its subject
Looked at the other way around, all topic sentences and supporting details in the essay’s body paragraphs must directly relate to the thesis.
Just as the thesis must cover the subject of all the body paragraphs, the topic sentence must cover the points of every supporting sentence within that one paragraph.
You can create smooth flow between sentences and paragraphs by following a logical method of organization.
Describing from left to right, top to bottom, or near to far, such as describing a scene in the Rocky Mountains.
Arranging information from least to most important, such as telling about the newest animals at the local zoo.
In addition to using logical order, you can also achieve coherence by using appropriate transitions.
The concluding paragraph gives readers a sense of completion so that the essay doesn’t seem to end abruptly.