resistance training for youth sports n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Resistance Training* for Youth Sports PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Resistance Training* for Youth Sports

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

Resistance Training* for Youth Sports - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 128 Views
  • Uploaded on

Resistance Training* for Youth Sports. Dr. Eugene W. Brown Institute for the Study of Youth Sports Michigan State University (ewbrown@msu.edu)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Resistance Training* for Youth Sports' - claudia-vince


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
resistance training for youth sports

Resistance Training* for Youth Sports

Dr. Eugene W. Brown

Institute for the Study of Youth Sports

Michigan State University

(ewbrown@msu.edu)

*Moreno, A. (2001).Principles of resistance training. In V. Seefeldt & M.A. Clark (Eds.), Program for Athletic Coaches Education (3rd edition, pp. 57-69). Traverse City, MI:Cooper Publishing Group.

before you institute a strength training program you should
Before you institute a strength training* program you should:
  • have a thorough understanding of why young athletes might engage in a weight training program
  • recognize the benefits and risks of a weight training program for young athletes
  • know which practices are scientifically sound
  • must be able to implement a program that is safe

* Strengthtraining = Weight training = Resistance training

implementation of resistance training program depends upon
Implementation of resistance training program depends upon:
  • experience and knowledge of teacher or coach
  • equipment
  • space
  • supervision
presentation topics
Presentation Topics
  • Why strength training is important for youth sports?
  • Safety issues
  • Terminology
a importance of strength training for youth sports
A. Importance of Strength Training for Youth Sports
  • Injury prevention and reduction of injury severity
  • Performance enhancement
  • Psycho-social development
1 injury prevention and reduction of injury severity
1. Injury Prevention andReduction of Injury Severity
  • Strengthen tissues of the body
    • tendons
    • ligaments
    • bones*
    • muscles
  • Enhance the ability of tissues to absorb force before failure (tearing, rupture)

*Great importance in females

1 injury prevention and reduction of injury severity continued
1. Injury Prevention and Reduction of Injury Severity (continued)
  • Research
    • reduction of injuries
      • high school male and female athletes showed a reduction of injury rate and recovery time (Henja et al., 1982)
      • preseason weight training regime resulted in high school football players having a reduction in injury rate and severity (Cahill & Griffith, 1978)
      • Plyometric and lower extremity strength training minimized impact forces in female high school volleyball players  instrumental in decreasing incidence of injuries in these athletes (Hewitt et al., 1996)
increased incidence of injury and injury severity
Increased Incidence of Injury and Injury Severity???
  • Resistance training is another stressor that may result in injury (overuse injuries) to the participant.
  • Resistance training may contribute to injuries in opponents.
2 performance enhancement
2. Performance Enhancement
  • Research
    • Prepubescent to early post-pubescent males and females can safely gain strength, improve motor performance, and enhance desirable body measures through a supervised 12 week weight training program (Brown et al., 1997)
2 performance enhancement continued
2. Performance Enhancement (continued)
  • Muscular strength, power, and endurance are important in performing specific sports activities (specificity of training).
example profiles of the elements of the muscular system in selected sports

Sport or Position:

Relative Demand:

High

Gymnastics

Basketball guard

Tennis

Cross country running

Low

Strength Endurance Power Flexibility

Elements of the Muscular System

Example profiles of the elements of the muscular system in selected sports
2 performance enhancement continued1
2. Performance Enhancement (continued)
  • Success in sports may be attributed to many factors (e.g., strength, power, endurance, flexibility, and skill).
  • Regular strength training induces adaptations in the muscle-tendon-bone-joint structure that may create an advantage in specific sports.
estimates of sport and positions within sport demands on the skill conditioning continuum

high

 golf

 tennis

Skill Demands

 volleyball setter

 ice hockey winger

 baseball pitcher

 football tackle

 cross country runner

low

high

Conditioning Demands

low

Estimates of sport and positions within sport demands on the skill-conditioning continuum
3 psycho social development
3. Psycho-social Development
  • Research and observation
    • Positive effect on a variety of indicators (Faigenbaum, 1995)
      • Self-confidence
      • Self-image
      • Self-esteem
    • Improved socialization skills (Martinez, 1997)
b safety issues
B. Safety Issues
  • Facilities
  • Equipment
  • Supervision and management
  • Growth, maturation, and gender
  • Contraindicated exercises
1 facilities
1. Facilities
  • adhere to codes with respect to structure, lighting, ventilation, and occupancy
  • comply to fire codes and have clearly marked exits
  • ensure aisles and walkways are clear
  • have non-slip even floor covering
  • include signage for emergency procedures
  • avoid problems associated with surface conditions, structural hazards, and environmental hazards
2 equipment
2. Equipment
  • store plates, barbells, and dumbbells when not in use
  • inspect machines, benches, and platforms regularly
  • use a maintenance log
  • use cleaning plan including disinfectant
  • must match size of athletes
3 supervision and management

3. Supervision and Management

The key to preventing injuries in a weight training program for young athletes is

qualified adult supervision.

3 supervision and management continued
3. Supervision and Management (continued)
  • have an emergency plan in place
  • training should be supervised by qualified personnel
  • one supervisor to 8-10 athletes
  • supervisors must be knowledgeable about warm-up, stretching, weight training, and first aid
  • provide an orientation program for all athletes
4 growth maturation and gender
4. Growth, Maturation, and Gender
  • Controversy and confusion about strength training for prepubescent children and adolescent youth (time of rapid growth)
    • Stunt growth?
    • Musculoskeletal injury?
    • Not for females?
  • Research on prepubescent children and adolescent youth
    • Support the use of resistance training (Faigenbaum, 2001; Ozmun et al., 1994; Blimkie, 1993; Ramsay et al., 1990)
4 growth maturation and gender continued
4. Growth, Maturation, and Gender (continued)
  • Research on prepubescent children and adolescent youth (continued)
    • American Academy of Pediatrics (2000) concern for one lift maximum
    • Weight training can improve strength and be safe for males and females if properly supervised (Brown et al., 1997; Malina, 1991; NSCA, 1996)
5 contraindicated exercises
5. Contraindicated Exercises
  • Exercises identified by researchers and scientists that are potentially harmful to anatomical structures
  • May be included in warm up for weight training or as part of the weight training program
5 contraindicated exercises continued
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Example and safer alternative
    • Neck or wrestler’s bridge (may pinch the disks between the vertebra, impinge on the nerves, and compress the relatively delicate bony structures of the neck vertebra
    • Safer alternative – hand resistance, use of towel, specialized machines
5 contraindicated exercises continued1
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Example and safer alternative
    • Deep knee bend or deep squat – Safer alternative - (places knee ligaments under half squat

great strain)

5 contraindicated exercises continued2
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Example and safer alternative
    • Hurdler’ stretch – Safer alternative - (moving knee beyond normal seated toe touch

range and twisting contrary to

normal direction )

5 contraindicated exercises continued3
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Examples and safer alternative
    • Straight leg sit ups - Straight leg lifts

(pulls the low back vertebrae forward)

    • Safer alternative – bent knee sit up
5 contraindicated exercises continued4
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Example and safer alternative
    • Partner exercises and stretches – Safer alternative – (excessive force or twisting personal control

applied to joints)

5 contraindicated exercises continued5
5. Contraindicated Exercises (continued)
  • Example and safer alternatives
    • Ballistic stretches and exercises – Safer alternative – (may cause muscle pulls and slow sustained stretch

invoke stretch reflex)

filter for determining whether to include an exercise or drill in training sessions

What is the purpose of the drill or exercise?

Purpose

____________

Modify drill or exercise or select another to achieve the desired purpose.

Is the purpose valid?

Yes

No

Don’t do use it.

Is the activity contraindicated or likely to be injurious to the athletes?

Yes

No

Don’t use it.

Use it.

Filter for determining whether to include an exercise or drill in training sessions
using active filter

What is the purpose of the drill or exercise?

Stretch muscles in front of thigh

Modify drill or exercise or select another to achieve the desired purpose.

Is the purpose valid?

Yes

No

Is the activity contraindicated or likely to be injurious to the athletes?

Don’t do use it.

Yes

(over flexing and twisting knee joint)

No

Use it.

Don’t use it.

Using Active Filter
c terminology continued see handout on physical conditioning terms and their definitions
C.Terminology (continued)See Handout on Physical Conditioning Terms and Their Definitions