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Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling. Career counseling must take place within a cultural context Variables to consider in career counseling across cultures may differ in weight Models don't adequately explain career behavior of minorities Perspective of cultural diversity/pluralism.

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Career counseling must take place within a cultural context

  • Variables to consider in career counseling across cultures may differ in weight
  • Models don't adequately explain career behavior of minorities
  • Perspective of cultural diversity/pluralism


Career Counseling Goal
  • Have all clients make culturally appropriate career choices
  • NOT: make the same choices
Culturally responsive Counseling:
  • Effective career counseling incorporates the impact of family, gender and culture
  • Allows clients to explore what role they want work to play in their lives, balance between work and family, messages to accept or discard
  • Incorporates multiple cultures
the silent interview
The Silent Interview
  • 1. Where did they grow up?
  • 2. What is their ethnicity?
  • 3. What do/did their parents do for work?
  • 4. What do they do in their spare time?
  • 5. How many languages do they speak?
  • 6. What kind of music do they listen to?
Environmental Influences
  • Parental/Familial influences
  • Political system
  • Racism/Sexism
  • Acculturation
  • Cultural values
Cultural Variables
  • Worldview
  • Racial/Ethnic Identity Development
  • Acculturation
  • Aspirations/expectations
leong and hartung 1997
Leong and Hartung (1997)
  • Recognition of vocational problems
  • Help seeking and use of career services
  • Evaluation of career problems
  • Implement career interventions
  • Outcome of intervention
fouad and bingham caccm
Fouad and Bingham-CACCM


Identification of

career issues:


-social emotional



-external barriers

Assess impact of cultural variables

on career issues

Setting culturally


counseling process and

counseling goals

Establish rapport/

Culturally appropriate


Culturally appropriate



-social emotional



-external barriers

Re-clarify issues

Enter counseling


career choice

role integration


information seeking

Implementation of career plans

and follow up

Preparation for counseling:

Culturally Competent Counselor

and Client with concerns



in Fouad, N.A. & Bingham, R. ( in press) Career counseling with racial/ethnic minorities In W.B. Walsh & S.H. Osipow (Eds). Handbook of Vocational Psychology, 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum

Preparation for Counseling:
  • Cultural sensitivity: openness and enjoyment of clients' cultural experiences
  • knowledgeable about cultural groups
  • knowledge of cultural strengths
  • openness to clients as cultural teachers
Preparation (cont.)
  • Knowledge of own worldview
  • Knowledge of own racial identity
  • become comfortable with clients of diverse backgrounds
Step 1- Establish Relationship
  • Listen to and observe client's comments
  • Respond to client's main words and construct (using basic attending skills)
  • Check out statements with client
  • Set context for working consensus
Step 2: Identification of Career Issues
  • Cognitive Issues
  • Social/Emotional Issues
  • Behavioral Issues
  • External Issues--working conditions
  • External Barriers: Discrimination, Oppression, racism/sexism
Step 3: Assess Impact of Cultural Variables
  • How do cultural variables influence career decisions?
Step 4: Setting appropriate goals
  • Appropriate Process-Appropriate Goals
Step 5: Appropriate Interventions
  • Group interventions
  • involve the family
  • role models
  • native language usage
  • ethnicity/gender similarity
  • community resources
  • appropriate assessment
Step 6: Decision- making
  • Career Choices
  • Adjustment
  • Clarification
Step 7: Implementation and Follow-up
  • Support mechanisms
  • Follow-up