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General Constitution. Review for Multiple Choice Final. The current U.S. President. Barack Obama. Name John Locke’s natural rights. Life, Liberty & Property. The term for the government forcing citizens to house soldiers. Quartering.

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General Constitution

Review for Multiple Choice Final

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Barack Obama

  • Name John Locke’s natural rights

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Life, Liberty & Property

  • The term for the government forcing citizens to house soldiers

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  • This political theory emphasized civic virtue, moral education, and small, uniform communities

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Classical Republicanism

  • The British raised these to pay for defending the colonists in the Seven Years War

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  • This term is used to describe something that cannot be taken away

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  • This theory says there is an agreement, written or understood, between the government and the governed

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Social Contract Theory

  • Locke said we had these from the very beginning, even if there was no government

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Natural Rights

  • He wrote the Declaration of Independence

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Thomas Jefferson

  • This term referred to the American colonists paying revenue to the British Crown without any Members of Parliament being from the colonies

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Taxation without Representation

  • Locke said natural rights came from?

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  • Where was the battle that included the “shot heard ‘round the world?”

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  • In classical republicanism, this term referred to what was in the best interest of the community as a whole

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Common Good

  • The city that “hosted” a Massacre and a Tea Party

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  • The term for a document that gave the British the ability to search and seize a colonist’s property without restrictions

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Writ of assistance

  • The father of the U.S. Constitution

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James Madison

  • This legislation under the Articles of Confederation created new states

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Northwest Ordinance

  • What was the name of the first American constitution?

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Articles of Confederation

  • Which provided a stronger central government, the Articles of Confederation or the U.S. Constitution?

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U.S. Constitution

  • Which states benefitted from the 3/5 Compromise?

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Southern slave states

  • Who is the current U.S. Speaker of the House?

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John Boehner

  • Who are the two current U.S. Senators from Illinois?

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Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk

  • What term refers to the head of a U.S. Cabinet Department?

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  • Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?

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John Roberts

  • Who is the U.S. Representative for this congressional district (16th Dist., McHenry County)?

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Don Manzullo

  • Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution about Congressional pay increases was ratified more than 200 years after it was first proposed by James Madison?

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27th Amendment

  • Who is the current U.S. Vice-President?

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Joe Biden

  • Who is the current President Pro-Tempore of the U.S. Senate?

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Daniel Inouye

  • Who is the current Illinois governor?

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Pat Quinn

  • What year was the current Illinois Constitution ratified?

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  • Who is the State Senator for McHenry County (32nd Legislative District)?

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Pam Althoff

  • Who is the Illinois Secretary of State?

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Jesse White

  • Who chooses the Illinois Supreme Court Justices?

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The People, by voting

  • Which Illinois legislative district is Huntley High School in?

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  • Which Illinois Representative District is Huntley High School in?

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  • How long is the term for an Illinois Supreme Court Justice?

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10 years

  • What U.S. House of Representatives Congressional District is Huntley High School in?

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The 16th Congressional District of Illinois

  • What is the power to declare laws or government acts unconstitutional called?

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Judicial Review

  • What is the Illinois state motto?

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State Sovereignty, National Union

  • How many legislators are in the Illinois General Assembly?

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59 Senators & 118 Representatives

  • The Illinois Constitution provides for what 3 levels of local government?

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County, Township & Municipality

  • Which Massachusetts Founding Father was instrumental in our Declaration of Independence and our second President?

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John Adams

  • Which branch of government appropriates and spends money?

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The term of a U.S. Representative is how long?

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2 years

  • Who led the Colonial Army in the American Revolution?

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George Washington

  • This Virginian first proposed declaring independence from Britain in the 2nd Continental Congress

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Richard Henry Lee

  • This Pennsylvanian was a politician, inventor, scientist and publisher

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Ben Franklin

  • This Virginian wrote in the Declaration of Independence that all men have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

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Thomas Jefferson

  • This meeting of our Founding Fathers was in Philadelphia from May to September of 1787

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Constitutional Convention

  • This proposal for the new U.S. government suggested one legislative house with equal representation

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New Jersey Plan

  • This highest U.S. court hears only cases it selects

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U.S. Supreme Court

  • This branch of U.S. government controls relations with other countries

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Executive (President)

  • This branch has the power of judicial review

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Judicial (U.S. Supreme Court)

  • This branch coins money and admits new states into the Union

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Legislative (Congress)

  • This branch executes laws and vetoes bills

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Executive (President)

  • This state proposed the Great Compromise in the Constitutional Convention

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  • This proposal at the Constitutional Convention for proportional representation in two legislative houses would have benefitted the large states

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Virginia Plan

  • This branch declares war, and can override a veto or remove (impeach) federal officials

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  • This branch can ask for a declaration of war, appoints federal officials, makes treaties, and grants pardons

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  • This branch judges laws and can declare them unconstitutional

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Supreme Court

  • This branch passes bills and raises the army and navy

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  • This branch commands the army and navy

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  • The amendment that gives you the right to criticize the government

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  • The amendment that ended Prohibition

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  • The amendment that gave former slaves the right to vote

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  • The amendment that ended slavery

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  • The Amendment that forbids cruel and unusual punishment

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  • The amendment that limits a President to two terms, or if the President served more than 2 years of another President’s term, one term

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  • The amendment that permitted income tax

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  • This amendment clarified the presidential line of succession (who takes over)

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  • This amendment gave electoral votes to the District of Columbia

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  • This amendment allows you to refuse to testify against yourself

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  • The number of U.S. Representatives

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  • The number of years a U.S. Representative must be a U.S. citizen

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  • The length of term for a U.S. Senator

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6 years

  • The number of years a U.S. Senator must be a citizen

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9 years

  • The total number of electoral votes

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  • The number of electoral votes needed to become U.S. President

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  • The number of U.S. Senators

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  • This amendment allows 18 year olds to vote

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  • From which ancient empire did our Founding Fathers get the principles of direct democracy?