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Literature. There are 2 main types of literature:. FICTION. NONFICTION. Within the fiction and nonfiction there are lots of books that we can group together because they have something in common. FICTION. NONFICTION. These groups have a name. GENRE.

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Within the fiction and nonfiction there are lots of books that we can group together because they have something in common.



These groups have a name. that we can group together because they have something in common.


According to merriam webster s collegiate dictionary genre means
According to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, genre means…

  • “1 a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content 2 kind. sort.”

biographies means…

adventure stories



Picture books

Fairy tales


Did we miss any genres?




Science fiction

Realistic fiction


Historical fiction





Most science fiction books have characters with strange names. Try reading some of the names in this book:

  • Selima Khan

  • Snout

  • Elspeth

  • Madam Pong

  • Grakker

  • Ah-Rit

If you like science fiction, could be

you’ll probably like


FANTASY could be

  • Talking animals

  • Magical powers

  • Time travel

  • Imaginary beings from other planets

A fantasy book is not true; therefore it is ___________.

The plot will usually involve a big struggle between good and evil.

Harry potter books by
Harry Potter books by could be

  • Many fantasy books are very long. Have you ever read an entire Harry Potter book?

What could be ’s the advantage to a book having so many pages?

The country was ruled by horses!! Lilliputians?

  • Lilliputians were only about 6” tall!

Gulliver in Lilliput / retold by Margaret Hodges from Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

Jon scieszka

  • You might know Jon Scieszka as the author of The True Story of the Three Little Pigs.

  • But have you read the fantasy…

The not so jolly roger
The Not-So-Jolly Roger nations.

  • Through magic, 3 boys end up in a coconut tree in a desert.

The not so jolly roger1
The Not-So-Jolly Roger nations.

  • The pirate Blackbeard comes to the desert to bury his treasure. He sees the boys and captures them! He takes them to his pirate ship.

More fantasy books
More Fantasy Books! nations.

  • Alice in Wonderland

  • Bunnicula

  • The Giver

  • Wrinkle in Time

FANTASY: Time travel - talking animals - imaginary beings - magical powers

What is a mystery book

Genre: nations.


What is a mystery book?

Mysteries nations.




CLUE nations.

“Clue: Something that serves to guide or direct in the solution of a problem or mystery.”

House of dies drear by virginia hamilton
HOUSE OF DIES DREAR nations. by Virginia Hamilton

A family is excited to move into this big old house because the house used to be part of the underground railroad.

House of dies drear by virginia hamilton1
HOUSE OF DIES DREAR nations. by Virginia Hamilton

But what’s happening? Is someone trying to scare them away? What motivewould the person have?

MOTIVE nations.

“Motive: an idea, need, desire, or impulse that causes a person to act in a particular way or do a particular thing; reason.

His motive for robbing the bank was not clear.”

SUSPECTS nations.

“Suspect: one who is suspected of doing something wrong or of a crime.

She is a suspect in the robbery.”

DEDUCTION nations.

“Deduction: the process of finding an answer by using what is already known to be true.

If you see footprints in the snow, and you know that the snow started falling after dark, deduction will tell you that somebody was here last night.”

Dead letter by betsy byars
DEAD LETTER nations. by Betsy Byars

  • Herculeah Jones buys a coat at a 2nd hand store. Inside the lining, she finds a letter written by a woman who is dead. In the letter, the woman says that she thinks someone is trying to kill her! She even says she’s being held prisoner!

Dead letter by betsy byars1
DEAD LETTER nations. by Betsy Byars

  • What kind of evidence will Herculeah find to prove that the woman really was murdered?

  • Worse yet, will Herculeah herself be murdered?

EVIDENCE nations.

“Evidence: something that gives proof or a reason to believe.

Scientists have not yet found evidence of life on Mars.”

Rude rowdy rumors

  • Brian feels awful! Someone on his soccer team is spreading awful rumors about him!

  • He needs a witness to help him solve the mystery.

by Elizabeth Levy

WITNESS nations.

“Witness: to watch or be present at.

He witnessed the accident.”

Let s check your memory
Let nations. ’s check your memory!

  • Clue

  • Motive

  • Suspects

  • Deduction

  • Evidence

  • Witness

FOLK TALES nations.


FABLES nations.

Can you explain this?

2 entries found for folktale.

“Folktale or folk tale

n. A story or legend forming part of an oral tradition.


n : a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk”

In folktales
In folktales, nations.

  • animals that talk

  • monsters

  • tricks

Folktales were told all over the world
Folktales were told all over the world. nations.

  • Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm were born in the late 1700’s in Germany. When they grew up, they traveled a lot. Wherever they traveled, they listened to people tell stories. They published many of these stories. Today they are very famous and are known as the Brothers Grimm.

They published these stories
They published these stories. nations.

  • Cinderella

  • Sleeping Beauty

  • Snow White

  • Little Red Riding Hood

  • Rapunzel

  • Rumpelstiltskin

  • Hansel and Gretel

  • The Frog King

The bearskinner a story by the brothers grimm with pictures by felix hoffmann
The Bearskinner nations. : a story by the brothers Grimm; with pictures by Felix Hoffmann

  • Today we’re taught not to talk to strangers. But this story took place a long time ago so the soldier in this story not only met, but also made a deal with a stranger.

The bearskinner a story by the brothers grimm with pictures by felix hoffmann1
The Bearskinner nations. : a story by the brothers Grimm; with pictures by Felix Hoffmann

  • The 2 agreed that if the soldier could go 7 years without shaving, washing, combing his hair, cutting his nails, or praying, then he would become very rich.

The bearskinner
The Bearskinner nations.

  • He didn’t look too bad at first, so a woman he met fell in love with him. She agreed to wait for him for 7 years.

  • What do you think happens when she sees him after 7 years?

Another grimm story
another Grimm story nations.

  • Know where the devil lives?

  • The hero in this story has to go there to get 3 hairs from the devil’s head!

Remember folktales were told all over the world
Remember, folktales were told all over the world. nations.

  • Many of the Grimm tales we know are also found in other parts of the world. The characters and setting might be different, but the plot is basically the same.

Remember folktales were told all over the world1
Remember, folktales were told all over the world. nations.

  • In this book, Judy Sierra collected 15 stories from all around the world. You have to read each one and match them with a familiar story such as The Frog Prince or Rumpelstiltskin.

Virginia haviland
Virginia Haviland nations.

  • Virginia Haviland was like the Grimm Brothers. In that she collected stories from all over the world. Favorite Fairy Tales is a series of stories told in 16 countries.

Favorite fairy tales told in india

  • “Slip Slop Gobble” is a story in this book.

  • Parrot is greedy and mean while Cat is really nice. Nice doesn’t cut it though when Parrot is hungry enough to eat everyone he meets!

Did you notice that series said nations. “Favorite FAIRY TALES,” not FOLK TALES?

Folk tales
FOLK TALES nations.

  • tales of talking animals

  • tales that tell why (Pourquoi tales)

  • tales of magic (fairy tales)

  • cumulative tales

  • tales of exaggeration (legends, tall tales)

Fairy tales are tales of magic. They are folk tales.

Wanda gag s the six swans
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • ONE day a king solved a problem by making a deal with an old woman. As a result, he had to marry the woman’s daughter who was very wicked indeed.

Wanda gag s the six swans1
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • Because the king had bad vibes about his new wife, he worried that his 6 sons and a daughter from a previous marriage might not be safe. He didn’t even want his new wife to know they existed. So he hid them in a castle deep in the woods. His new wife was smart though. She paid the king’s servants to tell her where he went everyday.

Wanda gag s the six swans2
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • She came up with a plan. She sewed some white shirts and then sewed a spell in each one. Then she set off for the castle. The boys thought their father was coming so they ran outside. She threw a shirt over each one of them and watched as they turned into swans.

Wanda gag s the six swans3
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • It’s a good thing the daughter didn’t run outside. She’s the only one who didn’t turn into a swan. She ran into the forest to find her brothers.

Wanda gag s the six swans4
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • Eventually she found them and discovered that if she wanted to break the spell, she had to sew 6 shirts made out of star flowers and couldn’t laugh or speak for 6 years. She was determined to do this. It was a little hard though when a king decided to marry her. For 6 years of marriage she never laughed or talked. She had 3 kids, but her mother-in-law took them away from her and hid them. She had a very difficult life.

Wanda gag s the six swans5
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

The king finally decided that she must be killing her babies and decided she should die. On the final day of the 6 years, she was about to be burned to death. Just as someone was lighting the fire, she looked up and saw 6 swans.

Wanda gag s the six swans6
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • She quickly threw the six shirts over them. The magic spell was off! There was only one problem – the youngest brother still had 1 swan wing.

Wanda gag s the six swans7
Wanda Gag's all over the world.The Six Swans

  • The king found out his mother had lied. I don’t know what happened to his mother, but everyone else lived happily ever after.

Rafe martin
Rafe Martin tales.

  • Rafe Martin read The Six Swans. When he finished, he had a lot of questions that he wanted answered. He wondered what happened to the boy who still had one wing.

Rafe martin1
Rafe Martin tales.

  • “What happens to that boy?”

  • “What kind of young man will he become?”

  • “How will he find his place on this earth and be happy, when all who see him think him a cripple or worse, a freak?”


  • So Rafe Martin wrote BIRDWING. This story begins 6 years later and is mostly about the youngest boy, Prince Ardwin.


  • Prince Ardwin can’t figure out whether he wants to stay with his family or return to the sky.


  • If he stays, he might have to get a mechanical arm. Plus his father might make him marry another king’s daughter. So he leaves.


  • While he’s gone, he experiences violence, danger, struggles and love. He even sees his stepmother, the one who turned him into a swan to begin with!

Folktales by rafe martin
Folktales by Rafe Martin tales.

A man tells his 2 sons it is time to prove themselves. One leaves and spends lots of money. The other leaves and saves a baby bird. He ends up understanding the language of birds. Then - danger comes!

(Russian folktale)

Folktales by rafe martin1
Folktales by Rafe Martin tales.

In THE SHARK GOD, 2 children are condemned to death. Their parents hope the ferocious shark god will help save them.

(Hawaiian folktale)


FABLES tales.

FABLE: tales.

“1 a short tale that teaches a lesson. The characters in fables are often animals who speak and act like people.

"The Fox and the Grapes" is a well-known fable by Aesop.

2 a false story; lie.

He told us a fable about his father being a jet pilot.”


  • Characters don’t usually have names like we do. They go by the type of animal.

  • They talk and act like people.



The characters don t change much
The characters don tales.’t change much.

  • Foxes are always clever.

  • Mice are always small and weak.

  • But the main character always learns a lesson.

Moral 1 the lesson about right and wrong learned from a story or event
MORAL: tales.“1 the lesson about right and wrong learned from a story or event.”

What do these morals mean
What do these morals mean? tales.

  • Never trust a flatterer.

  • It is easy to scorn what you cannot get.

  • One cannot get through life without a little work.

  • Let your actions speak for themselves.

  • Too much greed will not bring success.


AESOP tales.

  • The man who wrote most of the fables we know is named Aesop.

  • He lived as a slave in Greece in the 6th century.

  • We don’t know a lot about him, but we do know that his master eventually gave him freedom.

Realistic fiction

Realistic fiction1

MEMOIRS moral:

MEMOIR: moral:

1 a written account in which someone (such as a famous performer or politician) describes past experiences

2 a written account of someone or something that is usually based on personal knowledge of the subject


Journal: moral:

a book in which you write down your personal experiences and thoughts

DIARY moral:

Diary: moral:

a book in which you write down your personal experiences and thoughts each day

Information from: moral:Infotrac Jr. Edition. Dictionary: Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.

Pictures from: moral:http://www.altavista.comhttp://www.metacrawler.comMicrosoft Word 2004 for Mac clipart

Additional website to use with students
Additional website to use with students moral:

For fairy tale genre:

Bonnie French moral:Tina LaramieMichele RomeoLibrary Media SpecialistsSyracuse City School DistrictSyracuse, New York