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☆The project of grammar☆ PowerPoint Presentation
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clark-lawson

☆The project of grammar☆ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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☆The project of grammar☆
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  1. ☆The project of grammar☆ ΩTense Please choose a topic §Active voice / passive voice ΨDirect/indirect sentence ∮pronouns and relative clases φGerunds and infinitives

  2. ☆The project of grammar☆ Past ΩTense §Active voice / passive voice Present ΨDirect/indirect sentence Future ∮pronouns and relative clases φGerunds and infinitives

  3. ☆The project of grammar☆ ΩTense §Active voice / passive voice Active voice passive voice ΨDirect/indirect sentence ∮pronouns and relative clases φGerunds and infinitives

  4. ☆The project of grammar☆ ΩTense §Active voice / passive voice Indirect sentence Reported question ΨDirect/indirect sentence ∮pronouns and relative clases φGerunds and infinitives

  5. ☆The project of grammar☆ relative clauses ΩTense §Active voice / passive voice which who ΨDirect/indirect sentence whom ∮pronouns and relative clases whose φGerunds and infinitives

  6. ☆The project of grammar☆ ΩTense gerunds §Active voice / passive voice inf. ΨDirect/indirect sentence ∮pronouns and relative clases φGerunds and infinitives

  7. Present past now future Simple present present continuous content

  8. Past past now future Simple past present perfect Past continous present perfect continuous past perfect past perfect continuous content

  9. Future past now future Simple Future Future perfect Future continuous Future perfect continuous content

  10. Simple present past now future content present continuous

  11. present continuous past now future Simple present content

  12. Simple past past now future Past content

  13. Past continous past now future Past content

  14. present perfect past now future Past content

  15. past perfect past now future Past content

  16. past perfect continuous past now future Past

  17. present perfect continuous past now future Past content

  18. Simple Future1 past now future future

  19. Simple Future2 past now future content future

  20. Future continuous past now future content future

  21. Future perfect past now future future

  22. Future perfect continuous past now future future

  23. Active voice

  24. passive voice

  25. Indirect sentence The point of forming indirect sentence 1.Use that to connect the stagement 2.Change pronouns 3.Change the tenses usually.(Look at the table) 4.Sometimes stay the tense as the reported statement is always true or still true. 5.Tense stayed also when the verb of speech is in the present tense. 6.infinitives stay the same.

  26. Example please choose a column of a table Reported question

  27. Example I like milk. Present tense Pronoun need to be change He said that he liked milk. Reported question

  28. Example I’m listening. Change pronoun Change tense Present con. → past con. He said that he was listening. Reported question

  29. Example I didn’t do it. Change tense Simple past → past perfect Change pronoun He said he hadn’t done it. Reported question

  30. Example You’ve eaten my moon cake. Change tense Present perfect→ Past perfect Change pronoun He said that he had eaten his moon cake. Reported question

  31. Example I was sleeping. Change pronoun Change tense Past con. → past perfect con. He said that he had been sleeping Reported question

  32. Example ‘I hadn’t realised that he was only joking.’ Change pronoun Change tense Past & psdt perfect→ past perfect He said he hadn’t realised that he had only been joking. Reported question

  33. Example I’ll find them Change pronoun Change tense will→would He said that he would find them Reported question

  34. Example I can’t hear you. Change pronoun Change tense can→could He said that he couldn’t hear me. Reported question

  35. Example ‘You ought to go there.’ Change pronoun No change He said that I ought to go there. ‘I would do if I could.’ Change pronoun No change She said that she would do it if she could. Reported question

  36. Example ‘You must do it.’ No change Change pronoun He said that I had to do it. Reported question

  37. Reporting questions In reported question, you should remember that the question need to change into the sentence form that: The subject comes before the verb. Do is not used Question marks are not used If and whether are used with Yes/No questions that do not have a word likes who, how, where to introduce them. “what are you drinking?’ →He asked what I was drinking. Change pronoun ‘Have you finished your homework?’ →He ask me if I finished my homework. Change tense Presene perfect →past

  38. relative clauses Relative clauses have two used: 1.join clauses together 2.except for whose, they act as the subjects or objects of clauses.

  39. which Generally we use ‘which’ when we need to explain some animals or tings. I’ve got the answer. You were looking for it. example Same object =which I’ve got the answer which you were looking for. relative clauses

  40. who We use ‘who’ for the explain or combine two sentence which talking about same subject as an person The man lives next to us. The man is very generous. example Talking about the same man = who The man who lives next to us is veru generous. relative clauses

  41. whom The ‘whom’ is similiar to ‘who’ but ‘whom’ must used as a object. He is a man. I like him. example Object/people = Whom/who He is a man who/whom i like. relative clauses

  42. whose Whose has two used: It joins claused together. It replaces his, her, its or their. His parents have died. An orphan is a child. His ↓ whose example An orphan is a child whose parents have died. relative clauses

  43. gerunds Gerunds is the –ing form which used as a noun. Gerunds can used as a subject or object. object subject e.g. Eating too much makes you fat. I don’t like reading. Gerunds can also have their own objects. object Eatingfried food makes you fat. I don’t like readinghistory books. Gerunds can used after preposition. Undo your shoelaces beforetaking off your shoes. I look forward tomeeting you.

  44. inf. Sometime we can’t use gerund to followed some very but infinitive.There are some common verbs: They have agreedto get married next year. Don’t pretendto be something that you are not. Melanie promoisedto keep the news a secret, but she didn’t.