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Potential of CSP in India

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  1. Potential of CSP in India Shirish Garud, Fellow and Area Convenor, TERI ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  2. Outline • Why India Needs CSP • Indian Energy scenario • Global trends • Climate Change Action Plan • Solar Resource • Potential for CSP in India • Grid Connected Large Scale • Distributed • Way Forward ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  3. Why India Needs CSP • Indian Energy scenario • Global trends • Climate Change Action Plan ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  4. Electricity fuel mix 29% 10% 1,141 MW 2,944 MW 23% 10,897 MW 78% 90% 71% 39,222 MW 9,755 MW 7,231 MW Other RE Other RE Wind Wind Total installed capacity as on 31.3.2009 is 148265.4 Hydro ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  5. Energy supply • Coal • Major energy source. • Biomass • Primary source of cooking energy in > 80% rural households. • Electricity • All India average shortage ~ 11.6 % • Peak Load supply shortage ~ 15 % • Base Load supply shortage ~ 9 % • Energy security concern • Around 75 % of the petroleum supply is imported • Even coal is being imported ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  6. …Energy supply • Poor electrification status • 78 million households (44%) in the country do not have access to electricity • 1,25,000 villages are un-electrified • Electricity supply situation is generally poor in even electrified villages ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  7. 10th Plan (2002-2007) performance Achievement 51.5% of the target ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  8. Import dependence Source: TERI study ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  9. Estimated growth in electricity generation capacity (2006-2031) Source: Planning Commission, 2005 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  10. Energy mix under alternative scenarios ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  11. National Solar Mission • Proposed targets • 20 GW by 2020 • 100 GW by 2030 or 10-12% of total power generation capacity estimated for that year • 4-5GW of installed solar manufacturing capability by 2017 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  12. Global investments in renewable energy Billion Dollars Investments in solar PV 32% (US$38.4 billion) Source:REN21, 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  13. Global scenario in RE development All countries taking bold action in promoting and installing RE systems • EU: target of 20% energy from renewables by 2020 • Australia: target of 20% energy (GWh of electricity) from renewables by 2020 • China: 15% RE in energy mix by 2020, 30% or more by 2050 • USA: in the process of finalising a 20% target to be achieved by 2020 - RE (15%) & EE (5%) India needs to be ambitious in setting a target (in terms of GWh, not GW) ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  14. Solar Resource in India • 5 trillion kWh/year theoretical potential • Sunny areas • Most of the country receives more than 4kWh/m2 /day • More than 300 sunny days in the most part of the country • Potential being mapped by IMD, and few other institutes. • IMD, MNRE has published solar energy resource handbook ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  15. Solar radiation map of India If one percent of the land is used to harness solar energy for electricity generation at an overall efficiency of 10%; 492 x 106 MU/year electricity can be generated ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  16. Government initiatives • GBI (Generation Based incentives) for Solar power projects (2008) • Solar Mission under National Action Plan for Climate Change • GBIs and incentive schemes from state governments ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  17. CSP worldwide • More than 10 different technology combinations • More than 400MW installed capacity • More than 8GW installed capacity projects announced ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  18. Role India can play • Global hub for manufacturing CSP • Global test facilities • Different climatic conditions • Abundant sunlight • Technical man power • Large scale Power plants • 4-5 GW by 2020 is easily possible • Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, MP, Haryana , Tamilnadu, AP potential states ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  19. What India should do • Government • Back up the plans with realistic and strong policy push • Solar plants and manufacturing base development • Low cost financing and fiscal incentives • Industry • Move fast to develop manufacturing capability • Develop R & D base • Appropriate technology adaptation • Financing and insurance institutions • Low cost financing • Risk mitigation instruments for solar plants ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  20. Suggestions to move forward • Strong long term policy initiative • Support to various promising technologies • Cost should not be barrier in initial projects • National Plan for large scale solr power development • Solar Park concept • Solar CSP test facilities in atleast two locations • Incentives for industries to develop sub-components (e.g.mirrors, Coatings, Structures) • Indigenous technology development ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  21. Suggestions to move forward • Long term low cost finance for capital investments • RE targets for Distribution agencies can be enhanced • RE targets for industries, Gencos? ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  22. TERI’s activities • Feasibility studies for solar power plants • Two projects under finalisation • Institutional Expertise in • Simulations • Solar radiation analysis • Development of technologies, • Strong R & D capabilities • Think tank for the Government • Working on solar park concept ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  23. A technological society has two choices. First it can wait until catastrophic failures expose systemic deficiencies, distortion and self-deceptions… Secondly, a culture can provide social checks and balances to correct for systemic distortion prior to catastrophic failures. ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi

  24. Thank you!!! Contact: • shirishg@teri.res.in • shirish.garud@reeep.org • Cell- 09811602069 • www.teriin.org ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi