Social elites: The aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. Dr Chris Pearson. Social classes in 19 th century France. Elites (week 3) Working classes (week 4) Peasants (weeks 5 and 7). How do we define these classes and membership of them?
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Dr Chris Pearson
André-Jean Tudesq, Les Grands notables en France, vol 1. p. 457
Champart - one-twelfth or one-sixth of major crop given to the nobility
1,518 or 0.6% of nobles executed
16,000 or 8% emigrated
Half of aristocratic families lost land
Still owned 20% of land
Remained amongst France’s ‘grands notables’
Still dominated peasants, esp in the Vendée
Napoleon: ‘I offered them ranks in my army, but they did not want them, offices in my administration, but they refused them. But I opened the antechambers of my household, and they rushed in’
Henri-Joseph Gisquet (Paris Prefect of Police in the 1830s)