At the clinic scenario endocrine system
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At the Clinic Scenario Endocrine System. By Jay Kim & Joshua ( Hoon ) Kang. #7 Maryanne, a street person, is pregnant. She has had no prenatal care and her diet consists of what she is able to salvage from trash cans. What could you surmise about the PTH levels in her blood?. PTH Test.

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At the clinic scenario endocrine system

At the Clinic ScenarioEndocrine System

By Jay Kim & Joshua (Hoon) Kang


#7Maryanne, a street person, is pregnant. She has had no prenatal care and her diet consists of what she is able to salvage from trash cans. What could you surmise about the PTH levels in her blood?


Pth test
PTH Test

  • A parathyroid hormone (PTH) blood test measures the level of parathyroid hormone in the blood.

  • Find the cause of an abnormal blood calcium level.

  • High or low PTH levels can cause problems with the kidneys and bones and cause changes in calcium and vitamin D levels.


Malnutrition
Malnutrition

  • Malnutrition is defined as the lack of sufficient nutrients, which are essential for the body’s normal functioning.

  • Malnutrition during pregnancy is a leading cause for poor pregnancy consequences.


Effects of malnutrition during pregnancy
Effects of Malnutrition during Pregnancy

  • The nutrients and trace minerals essential for developing a whole life are not provided in sufficient amounts.

  • The baby will exhibit poor growth rate and low weight.

  • The general effects of malnutrition on the body are weak immune system, greater risk to illnesses, low stamina level and lesser height.


Continuation
Continuation

  • Some effects of malnutrition during pregnancy are carried by the child throughout his/her entire life.

  • Also, low IQ is directly linked to malnutrition symptoms, especially during pregnancy and infancy period.

  • It increases the risk for mortality of mother and baby at childbirth.


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Symptoms vary and depend on what is causing the malnutrition.

  • Some general symptoms include:

    • fatigue

    • dizziness

    • weight loss.


Exams and tests
Exams and Tests

  • Testing depends on the specific disorder.

  • Most work-ups include nutritional assessments and blood work.


Treatment
Treatment

  • Treatment usually consists of replacing missing nutrients, treating symptoms as needed, and treating any underlying medical condition.


Prognosis
Prognosis

  • Most nutritional deficiencies can be corrected. However, if malnutrition is caused by a medical condition, that illness has to be treated in order to reverse the nutritional deficiency.

  • If untreated, malnutrition can lead to mental or physical disability, illness, and possibly death.


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