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Deming’s Principles Of Total Quality Management (TQM). Clarify your Concept Realize your Concept System & Process Management (Core of TQM) Constant Learning Teams and Leaders Reap the Rewards. 1. Clarify your Concept.

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Deming’s Principles Of Total Quality Management (TQM)

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    1. Deming’s Principles Of Total Quality Management (TQM) • Clarify your Concept • Realize your Concept • System & Process Management (Core of TQM) • Constant Learning • Teams and Leaders • Reap the Rewards

    2. 1. Clarify your Concept Define your mission/vision/goal – aim for constant improvement in the product or service you offer your clients. You cannot do this without maintaining a high level of motivation and satisfaction in the people that comprise your organization – consider that an aspect of your goal.

    3. Clarify your Concept Concepts should be “SMART”: • Specific • Measurable • Area-specific • Realistic • Time-bound

    4. Specific Describes what will be changed or affected, who will be involved, how, when, and where

    5. Measurable Should provide a target which can be measured • For a specific product it should include the unit and quantity to be included, what change or level of quality is desired

    6. Area-Specific For a specific activity in a quality control program, it should include the products and processes and units that will be included in the program.

    7. Realistic The levels of involvement and level of change reflected in each objective should be reasonable.

    8. Time-Bound The exact period of time during which the objective will be accomplished should be specified

    9. Potential Survey Objectives 1. Reduce the present mortality rate of children under five years of age living in rural areas by at least one-half in the next five years 2. Increase agricultural productivity and output, as well as to improve related services 3. Achieve a substantial and sustained growth of per capita income 4. Provide adequate potable water supply and sewage disposal to not less than 70% of the urban and 50% of the rural population by the year 2000

    10. 2. Realize your Concept • Have a long term, not short term, profit orientation. • Find, understand (the causes), and root out the 4 detriments (fear, jealousy, anger, revenge). • Eliminate practices that undermine workers’ self/mutual respect and motivation (production quotas, exclusionary expressions, and favoritism/nepotism). • Foster all chances for pride of workmanship and sharing in the improvement process.

    11. 3. System & Process Management (Core of TQM) • Look at inputs from suppliers – when you understand the importance of quality and timeliness in your inputs, you will stop buying on low-bid only. • Quantitative analysis of process – use Statistical Process Control, monitoring of critical variables, charting. Monitor before and after changes. Use Plan/Do/Check/Act cycle repeatedly • Monitor “outputs” throughout – when doing this, you can cease or de-emphasize end-point inspections. Refine the entire process; make everyone responsible.

    12. 4. Constant Learning • Before hiring – rigorous pre-employment screening. • Before working – rigorous pre-work training. • Retrain on the job. • Management must constantly learn from entire team as well as clients and competitors.

    13. 5. Teams and Leaders All levels of the organization must be involved, starting with full commitment at the top. • Eliminate organizational and physical barriers to teamwork. • Eliminate performance ratings. • Emphasize stability and constancy of effort – steady small gains rather than disruptive crash programs. • Avoid unsettling changes without involving the whole team. • Involve suppliers, help them with Quality management. • Involve your clients, get their feedback and ideas. • Send your staff to both (suppliers and clients) to learn.

    14. 6. Reap the Rewards • Spread profits to workers as a team (but eliminate merit pay for short-term performance). • Enlist pride of workers in improving the system; empower people to take charge of work environment, safety issues, etc. • Encourage pride of workmanship in delivering the product. • Finally: spread what you have learned to the community.

    15. Plan/Do/Study/Act Cycle