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Anchoring & Mooring. Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land. Preparation: Ground Tackle Deck Clear Crew Informed Approach: 3-6 Boat Lengths DW Head into the Wind LOWER Anchor, payout

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land
anchoring approach under sail
Preparation:

Ground Tackle

Deck Clear

Crew Informed

Approach:

3-6 Boat Lengths DW

Head into the Wind

LOWER Anchor, payout

Cleat at 4:1, Check Holding, Payout to 7:1

Lower Main Sail

Anchoring Approach Under Sail
scope
Scope
  • 7:1 – Adequate
  • 4:1 – Calm
  • 10:1 – High Seas
  • Chain Rode
  • Tides
  • Freeboard
making the approach
Making the Approach
  • Decide How Your Boat Will Lie
  • Check How Other Boats in the Vicinity are Lying
  • Decide if Wind or Tide/Current Will have the Most effect on Your Boat
  • Always approach into the Strongest Element
  • When in Doubt – Approach into the Tide/Current
using the chart
Using The Chart
  • “Cruising Guides”
  • Look for Anchor Symbol
  • Special Anchorage Areas (magenta Outline)
    • No Lights < 20m, 65’
  • NEVER Anchor in:
    • Cable or Pipeline Areas
      • Marked by Broken Lines
    • In Marked Channels
    • Swim Areas
use of range markers
Use of Range Markers
  • Can Use Any Pair of Fixed Objects to Establish a “Range”
  • Help Check That Anchor is Not Dragging
  • Ideal Spot to Drop Anchor is at the Intersection of Two Ranges
slide17
Excellent Holding – Mix of Mud & Clay, Sandy Mud
  • Good – Firm Sand if your anchor will bite deeply
  • Bad – Loose Sand or Soft Mud
  • Ugly – Rocks, Rip Rap, Tall Weeds
arriving at mooring under sail wind ahead of the beam
Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam
  • Use Mainsail Only
    • Avoid Flapping Headsail
    • Danger to Deck Crew
    • Better Field of Vision
  • Approach on Close Reach
    • De-power to control speed
  • Complete Stop
    • Mooring Ball on Windward
  • Secure Mooring Line
    • Use Bridle
    • Lower Mainsail
arriving at mooring under sail wind aft of the beam
Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam
  • Use Headsail Only
    • If strong wind, may have to furl headsail, or come in under bare poles
  • Approach - Dead Run
    • De-Power to control speed
  • Loose the sheet to stop
leaving mooring under sail wind ahead of the beam
Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam
  • Use Mainsail Only
    • Hoist the mainsail and let it flap
  • Use Mooring Line to Gain Steerage
  • Mainsail Fills as Boat Veers Off Wind
  • When Clear of Mooring and Other Boats, OK to Raise Headsail
leaving mooring under sail wind aft of the beam
Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam
  • Use Headsail Only
    • Hoist headsail and let it flap until ready to drop mooring line
  • Sheet In the Headsail
    • Gradually Sail Away
  • Sail into Clear Water
    • Turn into wind
    • Hoist Mainsail
    • Set preferred course
using two anchors
Using Two Anchors
  • Reduce Swing if Tide Changes (Bahamian Moor)
  • For Extra Security in a Strong Wind or High Sea
mediterranean mooring
Mediterranean Mooring
  • Only Used If No Tide
  • Saves Space Alongside
  • Easy For Boats to Come and Go w/o Disturbing Others
  • Bow In – More Private
  • Stern In – Easier to Get Ashore
take home thought
“Take Home” Thought …
  • “It is land, not the sea, that is a ship’s greatest enemy”
  • So … If you plan to avoid a an unexpected run in with land, choose and use your ground tackle wisely
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