adaptation strategies for reducing vulnerability to future environmental change
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 60 Views
  • Uploaded on

Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change. Ioan Fazey Gamarra, J., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L.C., Christie, M. ioan.fazey@st-andrews.ac.uk.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change' - cisco


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
adaptation strategies for reducing vulnerability to future environmental change

Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change

Ioan Fazey

Gamarra, J., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L.C., Christie, M.ioan.fazey@st-andrews.ac.uk

slide2
Key message: Responses to environmental change often exacerbate problems or create new ones, so we need to be careful in the way we respond/adapt to change.
outline
Outline

Fazey, I., Gamarra, J.G.P., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L., Christie, M., In Press. Adaptation strategies to reduce vulnerability to future environmental change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

3 key prerequisites to prevent increases in vulnerability to future change:

Responses need to:

  • Remove causes of impacts/change
  • Maintain and enhance response diversity
  • Nurture human capacities to take up response options
prerequisite 1 responses need to remove causes of impacts
Prerequisite #1:Responses need to remove causes of impacts
  • E.g. Flooding
    • Bio-physical: Flood storage capacity
    • Human behaviour: Development on the floodplain

Without removal, impacts can increase or be reinforced by responses;

Bio-physical and human behavioural causes

slide5
Removal of ultimate causes

COMPLETE CHANGE

Mis-Alignment

Full Alignment

Partial Alignment

Change in Behaviour

Partial Techno-Fix

Buffering

Full Techno-Fix

NO CHANGE/ REMOVAL

Reduction in Bio-Physical Factor

FULL REMOVAL

key points reducing causes of impacts
Key Points: Reducing causes of impacts
  • But adaptation strategies have different qualities;
  • To reduce impacts, buffering strategies usually least desirable, aligning strategies most desirable;
  • Multiple causes, not easy to identify.
prerequisite 2 maintain and enhance response diversity
Prerequisite #2Maintain and enhance response diversity
  • Responses can result in loss of response diversity;
  • Why is response diversity important?
    • Resilience and thresholds;
    • Altering trajectories.
key points maintaining response diversity
Key points: Maintaining response diversity

T. Hartel and C. Moga

  • Requires understanding of the relationships between social, economic, ecological and local contexts.

Response diversity becomes more important as rates of change increase;

Need to remove conditions that constrain, and design policies that directly enhance, response diversity;

prerequisite 3 nurture human capacities to take up response options
Prerequisite #3Nurture human capacities to take up response options

Social capacities

  • Conflict resolution, shared learning, flexible institutions;
  • Such capacity can be eroded, for example, by adaptations that promote individualism and top down policies.
slide11
- Exposure to change

L. Cliggett

Individual capacities:

  • Adaptive expertise
slide12
Values
  • Need values conducive to environmental sustainability;
  • These can be eroded by, e.g. dissociation from environmental change
    • - e.g. buffering responses (air conditioning, flood defences)
conclusions
Conclusions

Implementing effective adaptation is much more complex than is often perceived;

Most strategies do not result in changes in human behaviour;

Very little consideration of the ‘lock-in’ effects of responses;

Challenges in maintaining capacities for people to change;

Complexity and uncertainty around adaptation highlights importance of mitigation;

Complexity provides opportunities as well as difficulties.

ad