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Oskar Schindler. 1908 - 1974.

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Oskar Schindler

1908 - 1974

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Oskar Schindlerwas a Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1200 Jewsduring the Holocaust, by having them work in his enamelware and ammunitions factories located in what is now Poland and the Czech Republic respectively. He was the subject of the book Schindler´s Ark and the film based on it, Schindler´s List.

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Oskar Schindler was born28 April 1908 v the town Svitavy German Zwittau), Moravia, then part of Austria Hungary.
  • Schindler, joined the separatist Sudeten German party in 1935. Though a citizen of Czechoslovakia, Schindler started to work for German military intelligence (the Abwehr).
  • He was exposed and jailed in July 1938, but after the Munich Agreement he was set free as a political prisoner. In 1939, Schindler joined the Nazi Party.One source (based on Nazi documents and postwar investigation) contends that he also continued with work for the Abwehr, paving the way for a German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.
  • An opportunistic businessman, he was one of many who sought to profit from the German invasion of Poland in 1939. Schindler gained ownership of a Jewish industrialist named Nathan Wurzel, under Nazi Germany´s Aryanization policies.
  • He left Czechoslovakia and his wife Emily and moved to Krakow.
  • Schindler, on Wurzel´s advice, renamed the factory Deutche Emaillewaren-Fabrik, to manufacture enamelware. He obtained around 1,000 Jewish slave labourers to work there with the help of his Jewish accountant Itzhak Stern.
  • Jewish workers were a cheap workers but on the other hand he saved their lives.
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In 1942, he witnessed a raid by the Germany military on the Krakow Ghetto and was horrified by the treatment of the Jews. As the Jews wererounded to be sent to the Plaszov concentration camp, he met with Amon Goth, the commander of the camp, to arrange for nine hundred of the Jews to be sent to work at a factory instead.
  • Schindler took the control over the Jewish workers and was looking after them, he bought them food and clothes. He registrated old Jews as young ones, otherwise they would be killed. Jewish doctors, lawyers and artists were registrated by Schindler as mechanics, only because he wanted to save their lives.
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The fact is, that all the money he had made, he practically invested to Jew´s lives. He had to bribe Nazi commanders when he wanted to save the Jews. From the commercial point of view it is possible to say that he was buying Jewish lives like goods, but he did not have to, he wanted.
  • Schindler´s activities began to make him suspicious to the Germans and he was twice charged with conspiracy. However, he managed to avoid being jailed by bribing government officials. As the Red Army advanced, he had all of his 1200 workers transferred to Brunnlitz in October of 1944.
  • Unfortunately, a portion of them were accidentally shipped to Auschwitz but he was able to save them and have them returned.
the end of the wwii
In May 1945 he told his Jewish workers, they are free and parted. He said, "My children are saved, Germany lost the war!“ – magic words giving hope and joy to peoples´ souls.The end of the WWII
schindler s life after the war
Schindler´s life after the war
  • After the end of World War 2, Oskar Schindler moved to Argentina, where he ended up going bankrupt. He returned to Germany in 1958 and pursueded several business ventures, all of which ultimately failed.
  • Schindler died on October 9 1974 in Hildesheim, Germany and was given an honorable burial at the Christian cemetery at Mount Zion in Jerusalem, Israel.
oskar schindler
Oskar Schindler in1970 in front of the tree, which he planted in 1962 in the Alley offair-minded among nations in Jerusalem´s Yad Vashem.Oskar Schindler
schindler s jews
Schindler´s Jews
  • Kuba a Helena Becks – No. 18 a No. 611 in Schindlers ´s list – both sent as teenagers to Plazow. After the war Helena found out she had lost 6 from 9 relatives including her parents
  • Helena Brzeska was 15, when she was sent to Goethe´s camp
  • Anna Duklauerová – her life is the living testament of Schindler
  • Bronia Gunz –said: „This generous man came with a piece of paper and said: you are saved and will never be tortured – he was like a GOD for us.“
  • Ignacy Liebermann – he and his family were moved to Krakow. He was forced to work there as a tailor, later on he was saved by Schnindler, who tokk him to be his own tailor.
  • And these are only five of 1 097 Jews who were saved by SCHINDLER ...