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The Basics of Culture . Objective: SWBAT . World Studies. What is culture ?  Important words/ definitions are in BOLD. The way of life shared by members of a society. A set of learned beliefs, values, and behaviors. A person can be a part of many cultures and/or sub-cultures.

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the basics of culture

The Basics of Culture

Objective: SWBAT

World Studies

what is culture important words definitions are in bold
What is culture?  Important words/ definitions are in BOLD
  • The way of life shared by members of a society.
  • A set of learned beliefs, values, and behaviors.
  • A person can be a part of many cultures and/or sub-cultures.
    • Ex. We are all a part of an American culture, but within the American culture there are many sub-cultures…what are some of them?
elements parts of culture
Elements (parts) of Culture
  • Belief Systems
  • Language
  • Customs
  • Social Organization
  • Political and Economic Organization
  • Material Elements
belief systems and ideologies
Belief systems and Ideologies
  • Examples:
    • Religions
      • Christianity
      • Islam, etc.
    • Ideologies
      • Sexism
      • Racism, etc.
language
Language
  • Examples:
    • Spanish
    • Arabic
    • Japanese
customs
Customs
  • Examples:
    • The way you greet people can be different in different cultures:
      • Handshakes
      • Bowing with hands in praying position
      • Kiss each cheek
social organization
Social Organization
  • Examples:
    • Family Structure
    • Social Classes
political and economic organization
Political and Economic Organization
  • Examples:
    • Forms of Government
      • Democracy
      • Theocracy
      • Dictatorship
    • Economic Systems
      • Capitalism
      • Communism
material elements
Material Elements
  • Examples:
    • Food
      • Tacos, sushi
    • Clothing
      • Dashiki, toga
    • Arts and Literature
      • Haikus, ghazal
how does culture change
How does culture change?
  • Innovation- Something new is created to meet a need.
    • Ex. The automobile.
  • Diffusion- The spread of ideas from one culture to another.
    • Ex. Tacos or sushi in the U.S.A.; Mc D’s in China.
  • Acculturation- A culture changes because it accepts an idea or innovation.
    • Ex. Traditional clothing is replaced by t-shirts and jeans.
cultural diffusion
Cultural Diffusion

Mc D’s in India

Mc D’s in China

cultural sensitivity
Cultural Sensitivity
  • Ethnocentrism- the belief that your culture/ beliefs are better than someone else’s.
    • It is important not to judge other cultures by our standards.
    • Just because another culture eats something that we would not or listens to music that we don’t does not make them any more or less civilized.
    • Try to find similarities between cultures and learn to appreciate the differences.