Background to the Cape Flats Nature Reserve. Frontpiece. Prepared by Richard Knight BCB Department. Photos: Tessa Oliver. The Reserve is situated between 33 o S latitude and 19 o E longitude. Part of the University of the Western Cape campus, Bellville South, Cape Town.
Part of the University of the Western Cape campus, Bellville South, Cape Town.
Bordered by Modderdam Road to the north, and the Cape Flats railway line and Unibell station to the south.Where is the Cape Flats Nature Reserve?
Planning continued to 1977 with the official proclamation of the Cape Flats Nature Reserve.
In 1978 the Reserve was proclaimed a National Monument.
The Cape Flats Nature Reserve is a private reserve and does not fall under the administration of Cape Nature.
The Curator liaises with Cape Nature to control illegal activities such as poaching harvesting of wild flowers.History of the Cape Flats Nature Reserve
Notice is hereby given in terms of section 12 (4) of the Nature Conservation Ordinance, 1974 (ordinance 19 of 1974), that the Administrator has approved the establishment of a nature reserve in the municipal area of Bellville by the University of the Western Cape, on land of which it is the owner and which will be known as Cape Flats Nature Reserve.
The area up to 1977 was heavily infested by dense stands of alien vegetation, especially Acacia saligna (Port Jackson)
A management eradicated programme is in place. Outbreaks of these alien plants still exists in areas adjacent to the Reserve e.g. along the railway line and the entrance road.
Parts of the Reserve such as sheltered areas between dunes and alien infested areas had informal settlements up to 1976.
New Life Science Building
This area was also infested by alien invasive species such as Acacia saligna and Eucalyptus calophylla.
The entire area has been cleared of the alien invasive plants (except for planted Eucalyptus calophylla).
Dune Thicket Species include Rhus crenata, Rhus glauca, Rhus laevigata and Rhus lucida, Olea exasperata, Euclea racemosa and Nylandtia spinosa.
Leonotis leonurus found in the Triangle but not in the main Reserve area.
CFNR endemic Euphorbia marlothii occurs in both areas.CFNR extended in 1987
The Triangle was formerly inhabited by informal settlements and additionally was heavily infested with Acacia saligna. Originally this habitat was similar to other dune vegetation in the reserve.
This area has mostly been developed with the New Life Science Building.
This vegetation was acidic sandy flatlands between the dunes and a different vegetation type.
Former species found include Blombos (Metalasia muricata), Dekriet (Thamnochortus spicigerus) and Taaibos (Rhuslaevigata). This site was very rich in geophytes.
Theprotea Leucospermumhypophyllocarpodendron and the orchid Herschelia lugens occurred nowhereelse (not been seen for a few years).Part of CFNR was also removed
Reptiles include Mole Snakes (Psuedapsis cara), Cape Cobras (Naja nivea), Dwarf Chameleon (Bradypodion pumilus), and the Angulate Tortoise (Chersina angulata).
Bird species include Blacksmith Plover (Vanellus armatus), Blackshouldered Kite (Elanus caerulus), Lesser Double-collared Sunbird (Nectarina chalybea) and Cape Turtle Dove (Streptopelia capicola).
Mammal species such as Cape Dune Molerat (Bathyergus suillis), Cape Gerbil (Tatera afra), Small Grey Mongoose (Galerella pulverulenta) and Cape grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis).Animals occurring in the CFNR
Cape Flats: Part of World’s smallest Floral Kingdom
Cape Flats NR: Centre of the Cape Lowlands
Related to Sub-tropical Thicket of the east coast
Cape Flats Dune Strandveld
Cape Flats world highest species extinction rates!
Cape Flats Sand Fynbos
Dune Strandveld –Slightly Disturbed/Original Site
Cape Flats Nature Reserve 2002
Sand Fynbos: Light and moderate disturbance
Cape Flats Nature Reserve 2002
Gum Trees draw
of surface moisture
Closest sites with Sandplain Fynbos all threatened
Closest 2 sites lost or under threat and are Dune Thicket
8 km radius and only two other reasonable habitats8 km radius and only two other reasonable habitats
Few and distant heighbours
Only Rondebosch Com. & Rondevlei safe
Extinction is for Keeps!