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Plant Hormones. Plant sensitivity. Can you explain what is happening. Click to reveal the answer. Plant sensitivity. Can you explain what is happening. The animation shows the growth of a young shoot towards the light. .

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Presentation Transcript
plant sensitivity
Plant sensitivity

Can you explain what is happening.

Click to reveal the answer.

plant sensitivity1
Plant sensitivity

Can you explain what is happening.

The animation shows the growth of a young shoot towards the light.

The auxins diffuse down the shoot and cause cells behind the tip to elongate.

There is greater growth on the shady side of the young shoot.

The shoot grows towards the light - this is known as PHOTOTROPISM.

Auxins are produced in the shady side of the tip.

slide5
Auxins are a class of plant growth substance (often called phytohormone or plant hormone).

Auxins play an essential role in coordination of many growth and behavioral processes in the plant life cycle.

slide6
As auxins contribute to organ shaping, they are also fundamentally required for proper development of the plant itself.

Without hormonal regulation and organization, plants would be merely proliferating heaps of similar cells.

slide7
An important principle of plant organization based upon auxin distribution is apical dominance, which means that the auxin produced by the apical bud (or growing tip) diffuses downwards and inhibits the development of ulterior lateral bud growth, which would otherwise compete with the apical tip for light and nutrients.

Removing the apical tip and its suppressive hormone allows the lower dormant lateral buds to develop, and the buds between the leaf stalk and stem produce new shoots which compete to become the lead growth. This behavior is used in pruning by horticulturists.

slide8

Experiment

Predict what will happen in each of these experiments.

Click on each shoot to show its growth response.

Normal young shoot

Tip removed from shoot

Tip covered with a foil cap

Tip removed and replaced with an agar block containing auxin

Tip removed and replaced on one side with a small agar block containing auxin

slide13

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

slide14

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

Fresh fruits are shipped around the world.

Plant hormones are used to slow the ripening of the fruit, so they are just ripe as they reach the supermarket.

slide15

Applications of plant hormones

Powder

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

slide16

Applications of plant hormones

Powder

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

When a gardener takes cuttings from a plant, the base of each cutting is first dipped into a rooting compound to stimulate the growth of roots.

Many rooting compounds contain auxin.

slide17

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

slide18

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

Auxins can be sprayed onto flowers so that the fruits develop without pollination or fertilisation.

These fruits are seedless.

slide19

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

slide20

Applications of plant hormones

Can you explain the use of hormones in each diagram.

Click to reveal the answer.

Auxins can be used as herbicides.

Weeds have broader leaves than the grass on a lawn. The weeds will take up more auxin than the grass when the lawn is sprayed.

The weeds will grow too quickly and die.

slide21

True or false?

Which of the following statements is true?

Click to reveal the answer.

Gardeners prune to create bushier plants.

This is because pruning causes plants to create...

1. more auxin and this enables side shoots to grow

2. less auxin and this enables side shoots to grow

3. more auxin and this inhibits side shoots from growing

4. less auxin and this inhibits side shoots from growing

slide22

True or false?

Which of the following statements is true?

Click to reveal the answer.

Gardeners prune to create bushier plants.

This is because pruning causes plants to create...

1. more auxin and this enables side shoots to grow

2. less auxin and this enables side shoots to grow 

3. more auxin and this inhibits side shoots from growing

4. less auxin and this inhibits side shoots from growing

slide23

True or false?

Which of the following statements is true?

Click to reveal the answer.

Young roots always grow downwards.

This is because roots are...

1. positively phototropic

2. negatively hydrotropic

3. positively geotropic

slide24

True or false?

Which of the following statements is true?

Click to reveal the answer.

Young roots always grow downwards.

This is because roots are...

1. positively phototropic

2. negatively hydrotropic

3. positively geotropic 