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Diversity around us Kramfors meeting, March 10-14, 2008. TAKING CARE OF NATURE. Nature conservation in Galicia. Facing an environmental problem: marine litter. IES Val Miñor . Nature conservation in Galicia. Smooth hills and eroded old mountains mostly green and forested.
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Kramfors meeting, March 10-14, 2008
TAKING CARE OF NATURE
Facing an environmental
problem: marine litter
IES Val Miñor
Smooth hills and eroded old mountains
mostly green and forested
The coast has as major feature the Rías: fjord-like indentations
as result of crustal tectonic movements during the Tertiary age
and the falling and rising sea level throughout the ice age
We have no extensive natural forest areas
and natural waterways, protected
under the NATURA 2000 network
Hazel nut tree
At the coast,
are the major issues concerning the environment
A number of wetlands distributed along the coast are important as habitats for birds and are used as resting places during seasonal migration.
These areas are protected under the “Ramsar Treaty” or were designed as “Special Protected Areas”, and belong to NATURA 2000 network.
Besides wetlands, other places such as the cliffs of the “Costa da Morte”, and “Marine Reserves “ for fishing purposes are also included in NATURA 2000 network
in the neirbourhood of our school
It is the only one National Park we have in Galicia, and includes six islands located off the southern coast of Galicia
In this sea-land ecosystem it has been recorded more than 200 alga types and 400 land plant species has been recorded, and it is home to the largest Laurel forest in Europe.
The fauna is represented with more than 200 species of different animals including an important colony of sea birds
A small estuary in the mouth of “Miñor” river
“2008 World Wetland Day” on February 2nd,
visiting the “Foz” and learning
about wetlands and birds
any persistent and manufactured solid material, discarded or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment.
floating on the water surface
on the seabed:
70% of heavier components
into the oceans and seas worldwide
6.400,000 tonnes per year
8.000,000 items every day
It is long-lived and active for decades
It entails economic losses to fishermen, boat owners, tourism, ….
Is a threat to marine life and humans
About 100,000 marine mammals are killed each year
About 1million seabirds are killed by entanglement and ingestion
Turtles are killed by ingestion, because plastic bags look like their favourite food: jellyfish
Corals are killed when discarded fishing nets drag along the ocean floor
the marine litter environmental problem?
carrying out a survey about the presence of marine litter on a beach in our Municipality
cleaning the beach
promoting public awareness of marine litter
were split into small teams
and each team was placed
on a different part of the beach
each team member has their own task
the plastic bag
picking up the litter and putting it
into a big plastic bag
for more than 3 hours
and litter was handed in to the
local environmental authorities
to be managed in a properly way
We carry out our surveys in early spring,
after the last winter storms and
before the beach is cleaned by the Municipality
coming from the land, or coming from the sea
Parts of chairs