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Renaissance Rome Style. Anupama Shah, Eirene Lo, Matt Chalupa , Roger Yu. INTRO. Rome was founded along the Tiber river in the 1200s B. C. It was a great center of culture and learning during the renaissance, and great figures such as Michelangelo.

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renaissance rome style

RenaissanceRome Style

Anupama Shah, Eirene Lo, Matt Chalupa, Roger Yu

intro
INTRO
  • Rome was founded along the Tiber river in the 1200s B. C.
  • It was a great center of culture and learning during the renaissance, and great figures such as Michelangelo.
  • Ancient Rome was one of the basis points of Renaissance artists
renaissance sites
Renaissance sites
  • Sistine Chapel
  • Saint Peter’s Basilica
  • Vatican Observatory
michelangelo
Michelangelo
  • Born in Florence in 1475
  • Was a painter, sculptor, and artchitect
    • La Pieta
    • Pope Julius II tomb
    • Sistine Chapel ceiling
    • Saint Peter’s Basilica
la pieta
La Pieta
  • La Pieta – pity in Italian
  • Challenge to other artists to make full grown Jesus fit on Mary’s lap
  • Michelangelo solved problem by making Mary bigger
  • First appearance in Rome
pope julius ii s tomb
Pope Julius II’s tomb
  • Made for Pope Julius II
  • Was supposed to be very grand but was smaller because of cut funding
  • Has Moses holding 10 commandments
  • horns
sistine chapel ceiling
Sistine Chapel ceiling
  • Most famous for
  • Supposed to be 12 Apostles
  • Added on:
    • Creation of Adam & Eve
    • Creation of Sun & Moon
    • Separation of Light & Dark
    • Temptation
    • Book of Genesis
current event

Current Event

http://www.squidoo.com/Hoover-Dam

This relates to the dome because of the structure. The both include a form of a semi-circle/sphere. The perspective is also visible. However, the perspective in the dome is in the structure where as the perspective of the bridge is in the background.

old saint peter s basilica
Old Saint Peter’s Basilica
  • The original basilica was built AD 326-AD 333 by the Roman Emperor Constantine
  • In the early Renaissance, the old basilica had fallen into disrepair
  • Pope Nicholas V was the first pope to suggest two options:
  • Build a new basilica
  • Completely remodel the old one
formation of plans
Formation of Plans
  • Pope Julius II ordered groundbreaking in 1506
  • He hired Bramante, a prominent architect at the time, to help design a new basilica.
  • His idea involved a Greek, or symmetrical, cross, with a shallow, low dome on top.
  • After Julius’ II death, however, Bramante had his idea dropped.

Bramante’s plan

formation of plans cont
Formation of Plans cont.
  • A number of noted architects were brought in, but none of the plans were accepted.
  • Finally, Michelangelo came forward with his plan for a large dome.

Michelangelo’s plan

michelangelo s plan
Michelangelo’s Plan

His plan involved:

  • a large Greek cross
  • a large, pointed dome based off the cathedral in Florence (remember the Duomo?)
  • Two brick domes, one inside the other
  • A tall cupola with the cross from the old basilica to top off the structure
construction and modifications to michelangelo s plan
Construction and Modifications to Michelangelo’s Plan
  • Michelangelo died in 1564 before completion of the dome.
  • The dome was completed in 1590.
  • An extension to the building’s front was designed by Carlo Maderno.
  • It was approved in 1607.
  • The whole structure was completed in 1626.
  • It remains the largest dome in the world.
activity
Activity
  • Take a look at the original plan from Bramante and then the one from Michelangelo. Spot any differences, and list ideas as to why they occurred.
works cited
Works Cited
  • Building Big: Domes (David Macauly)
  • http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org/
background
Background
  • The Vatican observatory is located behind the Pope’s summer residence at Castel Gandolfo. It is one of the oldest astronomical research institutions in the world.
history
History
  • The Observatory traces its roots back to the late Renaissance, when Gregory XIII formed a committee to reform the calendar used earlier (Julian Calendar).
  • The actual Observatory was formed in 1891, built behind St. Peter’s Basilica.
  • Later, Pope Pius XI moved the observatory to its current location at Castel Gandolfo.
gregorian calendar
Gregorian Calendar
  • The previous calendar was off by 11 minutes per year, cumulating in a difference of 10 days from the solar calendar.
  • Utilizing astronomical data, the Jesuit mathematician Christopher Clavius formulated a new calendar that could avert the problems of the Julian Calendar.
gregorian calendar contd
Gregorian Calendar (contd.)
  • Based on Clavius’s work, Pope Gregory XIII ordered the advancement of the calendar by 10 days and, to prevent any further mishaps, made years divisible by 100, except for those divisible by 400, into normal instead of leap years.
  • The solar year is divided by lunar cycles, but they do not synchronize well
  • An extra day (leap day) is added every few years to counteract the difference in time between the lunar and solar year
works cited1
Works Cited
  • http://www.infoplease.com/spot/gregorian1.html
  • http://www.vaticanobservatory.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95&Itemid=161