Political Systems Test Review. Types of Government. King Henry VIII of England. Monarchy. A hereditary ruler controls the government and decides what it should do. Inherits power Divine Right- “will of God”. Constitutional Monarchy.
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A hereditary ruler controls the government and decides what it should do.
Divine Right- “will of God”
Power is shared between the monarch and an elected legislature
Subjects (the people) of the monarch have protected rights
Monarch serves as the symbolic head of state
Members of Parliament (in England) govern the country
A government without a king or queen
Representatives are chosen to make decisions
Idi Amin Dada – President of Uganda 1971-1979
Robert Mugabe – Zimbabwe – (used police to block opponents from voting, arrested and tortured opponents)
Fidel Castro – Cuba 1959 - 2008
The Government controls every aspect of individual life
People can only belong to organizations controlled by the government
Religion banned or controlled by government
Control of all television, radio, and newspapers.
Dissent is suppressed and citizens terrorized by secret police
If you oppose the government you are arrested and sent to labor camps or killed
Adolf Hitler – Germany
Joseph Stalin – USSR
Saddam Hussein – Iraq
Kim Jong-un – N. Korea
Raul Castro – Cuba
In the 19th century, Europe’s industrialized countries became interested in Africa’s raw materials.
In 1884, European powers met in Berlin to divide up Africa.
Who was not invited to
Berlin Conference Described(3:44)
Which were the only countries that managed to remain independent?
African Scramble Through the Years
-Several hundred ethnic groups
-Thousands of languages
-Multiple Religions: Islam, Christian, Animist
-Some trade and migration routes were cut off by these borders.
-Some countries were left with little access to water.
= Black South Africans denied rights
Viva Mandela: A Hero for All Ages - Mandela Elected President in 1994
(United Streaming -7 min)
Nationalism - a feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countries
Sanctions - To impose a sanction (a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.) or penalty on.