running a business n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Running a business

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

Running a business - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Running a business. Planning for success. Syllabus - Planning for success. Selecting business opportunities Market research Location Demographics Competition Target markets Selecting the appropriate structure Sole Trader Partnership Private Company Incorporated. Arranging finance

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Running a business' - cicero

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
running a business

Running a business

Planning for success

syllabus planning for success
Syllabus - Planning for success
  • Selecting business opportunities
    • Market research
    • Location
    • Demographics
    • Competition
    • Target markets
  • Selecting the appropriate structure
    • Sole Trader
    • Partnership
    • Private Company
    • Incorporated
  • Arranging finance
  • Establishing a new or purchasing an existing business
    • Location
    • Staffing
    • New
    • Established
    • Franchising
    • Equipping
selecting business opportunities
Selecting Business Opportunities

When identifying opportunities for small businesses a number of factors need to be taken into consideration

market research
Market Research
  • This involves talking with or surveying potential customers and competitors as well as contacting trade and professional organisations for advice about the business and locations being considered.
  • Obtaining data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics about the demographics of the people in the area.
activity business opportunities
Activity – Business opportunities
  • Look up Roy Morgan Research


  • ACNielsonAustralia
  • Write a paragraph outlining the services provided by one of these organisations
  • Where are potential customers?
  • How far are they willing to travel?
  • Does the business need to be in a retail area?
  • Can the business have a base at the entrepreneur’s home?
  • Is the business going to be an internet-based business?
  • How much will the location cost?
  • Demography refers to details of the size of a particular population and its characteristics.
  • How many people will be able to access the business?
  • How old are they?
  • What gender or ethnic group are they?
  • How much do they earn?
  • What businesses will be competing against a new one?
  • Are there more customers than the existing business can cater for?
  • What will attract customers to a new business instead of an established business?
  • Will the new product be cheaper?
  • Will the product be of superior quality?
  • How does the competing business market its product?
  • SWOT analysis – an assessment of a business’s:
    • Strengths
    • Weaknesses
    • Opportunities
    • Threats


Complete a SWOT analysis of your market day business

target markets
Target Markets
  • Definition – the group of customers to which an organisation intends to aim its marketing efforts.
  • For example the product may be of particular interest to young people such as surfer clothing.
selecting the appropriate structure
Selecting The Appropriate Structure

What kind of legal business structure will best suit your way of doing business?

sole trader
Sole Trader
  • Definition – a business with a single owner who is responsible for every aspect of the operation of the business.
  • Examples – hairdressers, plumbers, dentists, video stores
    • Control and manage business on their own
    • Treat income as their own
    • Income tax assessed on owner’s total income
    • Owner personally liable for all debts incurred by the business
    • Ability to borrow money limited by the owner’s ability to provide security for a loan
sole trader1
Sole Trader
  • Advantages
    • Keep any profit
    • Easy to establish
    • Own boss
    • Provides a sense of personal satisfaction
    • Work the hours they want
  • Disadvantages
    • Unlimited liability
    • Limited access to finance to grow the business
    • Pay income tax
    • Difficult to take time off
  • Definition – where two or more people share responsibility for the operation of a business
  • Examples – Architects, accountants, lawyers, doctors
    • A partner acting alone in the name of the business binds the other partners to his or her actions.
    • A partner’s income from the partnership is added to his or her income from other sources
    • All partners have unlimited liability for any debts incurred by the business.
    • A partners’ personal assets can be sold to repay money owed by the company.
  • Advantages
    • Keep all the profit
    • Share any losses
    • More capital to establish the business
    • Work shared between partners
    • More people to make decisions
    • Easier to borrow money
  • Disadvantages
    • Partners have unlimited liability
    • Partners share the profit
    • Possibility of disagreements among partners
    • If a partner leaves the business the partnership agreement must be renegotiated
  • Form a partnership with two of your classmates
  • Decide on a name for the partnership and the type of business you plan to run.
  • Develop a partnership agreement that includes the name of your business and the roles and responsibilities of each partner.
  • Issues to consider – finance, administration, supply of inputs, promotion, production and the distribution of profits
  • Develop a partnership agreement for your market day business.
  • Definition – public company – a company listed on the stock exchange. Any member of the public can become a shareholder.
  • Definition – private company – a business that is not listed on the stock exchange and has 50 or fewer shareholders.
  • Characteristics
      • Exists separate from its owners
      • Earns all the profit and responsible for all the debts
      • Individuals become owners or shareholders of the company by purchasing shares
      • Profits the company makes are passed onto owners through a payment called a dividend
      • If a shareholder no longer wants to be part of the company they sell all of their shares.
  • Private Company
    • Limited to 50 shareholders
    • Board of directors elected to run the company
    • Has Pty Ltd or Proprietary Limited at the end of the company name
    • Shares are not sold to the public
  • Public Company
    • No limit to the number of people owning shares
    • Listed on the Australian Stock Exchange and run by a board of directors elected by shareholders
    • Has LTD or Limited liability after its name
  • Advantages
    • More capital is available
    • Borrowing money easier
    • Liability of shareholders is limited
    • A legal entity
    • Specialised people employed to run different elements
  • Disadvantages
    • Government regulations must be taken into account
    • Limits placed on the board of directors
    • Owners do not have control over decisions made
    • Expensive to set up, maintain and organise
    • Too large and inefficient
  • Find a list of Australia’s top 50 companies in the sharemarket report from the ASX website or a major newspaper.
    • How many of these companies do you recognise?
    • Identify the goods and services provided by the companies you recognise.
    • List the companies and the goods and services they provide.
incorporated association
Incorporated Association

Forming an incorporated association allows a small non-profit community based group an easier and inexpensive means of establishing a legal entity.

Sell goods and services but profits are returned to the association.

A legal entity that would suit a sporting or gardening club wanting to trade.

money money money
Money, Money, Money

Starting a business can be costly.

A sole trader has the least costly set up and a company the most expensive.

Leasing equipment or buying through a hire purchase agreement can minimise upfront costs

finance sources
Finance Sources
  • Private sources – personal savings,

a loan from family or friends.

  • A bank or finance company in the form of a loan, overdraft or mortgage.
  • The sales of shares to form a company.
  • Suppliers who are willing to be creditors, that is not be paid until the goods have been delivered.
  • Many lenders allow businesses to apply for a loan online
  • Access one of the following sites and evaluate the range of finance available for the small business operator. Present your findings in a table.
    • St George
    • National Australia Bank
establishing a new or purchasing an existing business
Establishing A New Or Purchasing An Existing Business







the initial decision
The Initial Decision

Start a business from scratch

Buy an existing business

Buy a franchise

starting from scratch
Starting From Scratch
  • Characteristics
    • Create something unique and start to market
    • Fill a gap in the market
    • Market demands product or service
  • Advantages
    • No inbuilt problems (a bad reputation)
    • Freedom to set up business as choose
    • No hidden costs (maintaining equipment)
  • Disadvantages
    • Need to establish a good reputation
    • High risk and uncertainty
    • Raise funds to fit shop out and buy equipment
buy an existing business
Buy An Existing Business
  • Characteristics
    • The price usually includes goodwill
    • Important to know why the business is for sale
  • Advantages
    • Sales generate instant income
    • Stock already acquired
    • Seller may offer advice and training
  • Disadvantages
    • It may be difficult to assess the value of goodwill
    • Some employees resent change to the business operation
    • Success of the business may have been due to the previous owner’s personality and contacts
buying a franchise
Buying A Franchise
  • Characteristics
    • A franchise is a business for which there is an agreement for the use of a brand name and operating system in exchange for a fee.
    • Franchisors (the business firm that provides the goods, services and expertise for a franchise) have strict requirements to ensure their reputation is upheld by the franchisee (the owner of the franchise).
    • Examples – The Body Shop, Gloria Jean’s Coffees, Sumo Salad
buying a franchise continued
Buying a franchise continued
  • Advantages
    • Less start up capital needed
    • Owners receive specialised training
    • Advertising costs are shared
    • Advice available from the franchisor
    • Bulk buying can reduce costs
    • Established goodwill and market recognition
  • Disadvantages
    • Range of products sold determined by the franchisor
    • Franchisee levied fees and charges to cover costs like advertising
    • Franchisee little say in how the business is promoted
    • Products must be sourced from suppliers by the franchisor
  • Access the federal government’s Business Entry Point website
  • Complete the following:
    • Outline the steps involved in starting up a business
    • What assistance does the site provide for people setting up a business?
physical location
Physical Location
  • Decisions need to be made about:
    • Proximity to customers
    • Proximity to suppliers
    • Rent costs
    • Size of property
    • Parking
    • Delivery opportunities for suppliers
retail premises
Retail Premises
  • Range from:
    • Large shopping malls to relatively cheap (often far away from passing crowds) such as small local shopping centres or corner shops
  • Advantages
    • Passing trade may take advantage to make impulse purchases
    • Gives a professional image of the business
  • Disadvantages
    • Cannot always choose own trading hours - may have to operate hours according to mall management
    • Rents & other costs can vary extensively between mall managers (e.g. Stockland & Westfield) and shop sizes
running a business from home
Running A Business From Home
    • Advisable to keep business in a separate part of the house
    • Best if business involves consultancy on the clients premises
  • Advantages
    • Can be convenient in time and comfort
    • Lowers outlay costs
  • Disadvantages
    • Domestic distractions
    • Lower professional image
    • A sense of isolation
  • Before commencing operations staffing needs of the business must be assessed.
  • Steps involved in acquiring staff:
    • Designing job descriptions including roles, desirable characteristics, wages and conditions
    • Recruitment
    • Interviewing
    • Hiring
staffing costs to be considered
Staffing Costs To be Considered

Wages, superannuation, taxes must be paid.

Staff entitlements like sick leave and

holidays must be monitored.

Facilities like toilets and drinking

water need to be provided.

Important to be aware of and complying with laws involved.

  • A new business begins with an empty premises. It would only possibly have
    • Toilets
    • A kitchen
    • Light fittings
  • Much needs to be done including:
    • Connecting utilities – electricity and telephone
    • Painting
    • Adding/changing light fittings
    • Laying/changing floor coverings
  • Finally stationary and other equipment to produce or sell the product is required